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JIN, AJINA, DEV, BALO, IBLIS, SHAYTON CHIST ?

jin_ajina-660x330JIN kalimai arabi « جن »  buda manoyash ruh meboshad. Jin dar asotirhoi (rivoyathoi sokhtashuda)-ai arabho zikr shuda dar digar kitobhoi tarikhi dar shakli «Jin», «Ajina», «Dev», «SHayton», «Balo», «Azozil», «Pari», «Ahriman» va ba monandi inho buda assosan hamchun shakhsiyathoi nopok meboshand. To paydoishi dini Islom Jinho baroi arabho chun Hudo niz bud.

Muvofiqi Quroni karim va rivoyathoi musulmoni Jinho az otashi bedud paydo shudaand (yane az alov). Mavjudiyati Jinhoro inson (odam) odatan bo yagon hisyoti khud ki iborat az 5 to hisyot dorad pay namebarad. Jinho az odamon barvaqtar dar rui zamin paydo shudaand va misli odamon dar rui zamin, osomon va zeri zamin dar qatori digar mavjudot zindagoni mekunandu ba musalmonu kofir niz judo meshavand. YAne jinhoi namozkhoni musalmon hast, ki nomashonro «Pari» meguyand va hastand jinhoi kofiri az khudo nametarsidagi ki ononro Devu, Balovu SHayton asosan menomand.

Namud va shakli Jinho

Tibqi qissahoi mardumi arab 4 (chahor) namudi Jinho mavjudand, ki jumlai onho: Ifrit, Gul, Sila va Marid (Malik) meboshand. Az hama Jini zararnok, in jinhoi Ifrit meboshand, ki bo otash sarukor doshta ba SHayton itoat menamoyandu ba odamon tasiri khatarnoki jiddi merasonand.

Jinhoi «Gul» boshand dar zaboni tojiki ba misoli «Ajina» nombar shudaand va asosan onho jinsi modina yane zan meboshand va dar biyobonu mazor (oromgohho) zindagoni mekunand va ba sifati khuroki khud murdai navro istemol mekunand.

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Surati — rasmi Pari

Seyumin namudi jin ki bo nomi «Marid» yo «Malik»-ro dorad dar osmon zindagoni karda az jihati aql va tafakkur komil hastand  va qarib ki farmondehi tamomi jinho meboshand. Aftashon asosan safedpush va safedrishu safedshakland.

Jinhoi «Sila» boshand okhirin – chahorumin namudi jinho buda az jihati iqtidor khelo sust meboshand. Quvvai jinhoi Sila khelo kam buda az chub metarsand va hatto yak zarbai kaltak (shokhai chubin) metavonad jini Silaro ba halokat rasonad (kushad). Jinhoi Silla nametavonand, ki shakli khudro digargun namoyand.

Dar farhangi mulkhoi garb dar borai jinho pesh az hama dar kitobi «1000-u 1 shab»  (Hazoru yak shab) hamchun Ruhi sehrnoke, ki dar daruni kuza misli odamshakl buda dasthoyashro dar qafasi sinaash jiqidavu nishasta meboshad, malum ast. Va kase ki in kuzaro molad pas az darunash Jin mebaroyadu 3 khohishi dilkhohi odamro dar amal tatbiq menamoyad.

Jinho dar har qissaho har khel shakl doshtanashon zikr shudaast, az jumla beshtari jinho afti khunuk va bezeb dorand ki odamro ba tars va haros meaftonand. Odatan gufta shudast ki jinkho shokhi buzshakl, poyhoi gusfandmonand, dumi govshakl va pashmdoru miyonkham hastand.

Zikryobi dar borai Jinho dar Quroni karim

Dar asosi bozyofthoi arkheologi dar qismi shimolu garbii Arabiston odamon ba jinho ba misli ba Hudo, ibodat mekardaand. Dar shahri qadimai Palmir ki dar Suriyai imruza meboshad, odamon ba jinho ibodat mekardand ki onhoro Hudohoi nek mehisobidand. Dar borai arabhoi budparast ki ba Jinho ibodat mekardand dar kitobi Quron qayd karda shudaast.

«Va miyoni Hudovu jinniyon kheshovandi qoil shudand va jinniyon medonand, ki hozirkardashudagonand.»

Quron, surai 37-um (oyati 158-um).

jin_-281x300Mardumi shahri Makkai mukaramai Arabistoni Saudi ba Jinho ibodat mekardandu baroyashon qurbonihoro sodir mekardand. Dar rivoyathoi rumi boshad jinhoro bo nomi «Geni» yo «Daymon» zikr shudaand.

Muvofiqi omuzishhoi Islomi, Alloh 3 namudi makhluqi sohibi tafakkurro (shuur — aql) ofarid, ki jumlai onho in: Farishtaho, Jin va Odamon meboshand. Farishtaho az ravshani, Jinho az otash va Odamon az khoku ob ofarida shudaand. Nomi Jinho az kalimai arabi (Jana) girifta shuda manoyash «Nihon» yo «Pinhon»   budanro dorad. YAne jinho ba chashmi inson noayon hastand vale jinho odamonro mebinand. Mavjudiyati jinro odami muqarari his namekunad.

 Dar oyati  15 a 16-umi surai Hijri kitobi Quroni karim gufta shudaast:

«Albatta, guyand: «CHashmoni moro jodu kardand, balki mo mardume joduzada hastem!»  Va haroyna, dar osmon burjhoe4 ofaridem va baroi binandagonashon biyorostem  

Muhammad ibni Abbos ki yake yoroni Payombar (S.A.V) bud guftasst, ki dar rui zamin to omadani Inson avval Jinho omadaand. Badi one ki jinho dar raftori khud behad qonunu qoidahoro rioya namekardagi shudand, pas Parvardigor ba onho shohi SHaytonhoro ki nomash Iblis bud ravon kard. On zamonho Iblis jinni olimu donishmand bud va az Hudo metarsid. Garchande, ki u dar qatori Farishtaho qarib ki meistod vale bar asosi itoat nakardanash az tarafi Hudovand ronda va lanat khonda shuda bud. Az hamon davra tamomi shaytonho ba Iblis itoat mekardagi shudand.

Badi in zamonho Hazrati Odam alayhi salom ba zamin firistoda shudaand.

CHi khele ki ilmi islomi meguyad Jinho misli odamon metonand, dar rohi rost boshandu musalmoni kunand va yo rohi badro intikhob karda ba olami yakumrai torik rondavu va ruzi qiymat ba jahannam darovarda shavand.

Dar kitobi Quroni karim Alloh meguyad:

«Jinnu insro juz baroi parastishi Hud nayofaridaam»

Surai «ZORIYOT» (51), oyati 56-um. 

Musulmonon bovari dorand, ki bisyorii odamonro mahz hamin Iblis – SHayton ba rohi firebu bad tela mekunad. Iblis nihoyat qudratu tavonoii ziyodro dora dva az jonibi Alloh ofarida shudaast. Zamonhoe budand, ki Iblis dar osmon bo Farishtaho zindagoni mekard, vale hangome ki mast shud va ba Hudo itoat namekardagi shud ronda ba olami Jinho ravona karda shud.

Alloh dar surai YOsin, oyati 60 to 62-uyum meguyad.

  1. Ey farzandoni Odam, oyo bo shumo paymon nabastam, ki shaytonro naparasted, haroyna, u dushmani oshkori shumost?
  2. Va Maro biparasted, ki rohi rost in ast.
  3. Bisyore az shumoro (shayton) gumroh kard. Magar ba aql darnameyofted?

Jinho ba misoli odamon zindagoni mekunandu, oilador meshvand, farzanddor meshavand, memirand, namoz mekhonand, gunoh mekunand, rohbar dorandu marakaho mekunand, bazeashon khudotarsu bazeashon beimonand. Lek umi jinho az umri odam khelo daroztar ast. Ba jinho kham Hudo payombarhoro mefiristad va onho dar ruzi qiyomat niz ba javobgari kashida meshavand va kadome az onashon ki durustkor hastand ba bihisht meravand.

jin_2-223x300Ba andeshai salafiyon Jinho qodirand, ki dar nazdi odam chun shakli odam, hayvon, rastani va yo digar predmet paydo shavand. Jinho niz qudrat dorand ki shuuru jismi chi inson va yo hayvoro idora kunand.  In dar holate meshavad, ki agar jinho ba in yo on makhluq oshiq shavand.

Baroi gurezondani Jinho odam metavonad bo payvasta khondani Quron dar khona khudro hifz namoyad.   Agar jin ba jismi Inson vorid shavad onro tanho bo nomi Alloh ronda meshavad. Jinhoi badakhloq az jumla Iblis-shayton odamonro ba itoati Bud (haykal) hidoyatu havasmand mekunad. To in ki Jinho ba Hona nadaroyand musalmonon kalimai «Bismillohir Rahmonir Rahim»  meguyand.

Baze hadisho jinhoro ba 3 namud taqsim kardaast, az jumla: Jinhoi meparidagi, mormonand, va jinhoi dayduvu sayoh. Abdullo Ibn Masud ki yake az yovaroni Muhammad SAV bud qayd kardaast, ki hangomi jinho khondani Quronro az jonibi payombar Muhammad SAV shunidand ba nazdash jam shudand va payombar onhoro shakhsan didaast, ki onho ba har guna makhluqi shakldor budaand. Jinho metonad afti Ajdahor, Mor, Darakht, Odam, Gul, Sang, meva va gayraro ba khud girand va kasro ba ishtiboh biyorand. Baze hadisho meguyand, ki jinho dar ustukho joygir shuda guhro (akhlotro) mekhurand.

Dar oyati 33-yumi Surai Ar Rahmon Hudovand guftaast:

«Ey guruhi jinniyonu odamiyon, agar metavoned, ki az kanorahoi osmonhovu zamin berun raved». YAne jin metavonad ba osmoni dur ravad va ba in agar Hudo rozi boshad. Agar vay be ijozat dur ravadu suhbati Hudovandro bo farishtagon shunavad pas az ravshani  sitora suzonda meshavad.

Dar surai 34-umi Quron (Surai Sabo oyati 12), Jinho bo nomi Dev yodovari shudaand. Dar in sura dar borai on ki chi guna qudrat ba hazrati Sulayomon – payombari Hudo SAV qudrat az boloi idorai jinho vakolat doda shudaast, gufta shudaast.

«Va bodro romi Sulaymon kardem. Bomdodon yakmoha roh meraft va shabongoh yakmoha roh. Va chashmai misro baroyash jori sokhtem va guruhe az devho ba farmoni Mo nazdi u kor mekardand va agar yake az onho az farmoni Mo sar mepechid, ba u azobi otashi suzonro mechashonidem.» 

Dar oyati 14-umi Surai Saboi kitobi Quroni karim gufta shudaast, ki Hazrati Sulaymon (payombar SAV) jinhoro sermashaqat kor mefarmud va kadomashon ki farmonbardori namekardand mujozot megiriftand. Vaqte ki Sulaymon SAV memiradu dar joyash najumbida meistad pas devho fikr mekunand ki vay onhoro nazorat karda istodaast.

«CHun margro bar u muqarrar kardem, devhoro bar margash na- ogohonid, magar kirmi chubkhorae, ki asoyashro (nazdiki yak sol ) mekhoid. Pas, vaqte ki u (Sulaymon) biaftid, devho fahmidand, ki agar ilmi gaybro medonistand, dar azobi khorkunanda namemondand.»

Dar borai jinho dar jamiyat

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Dar borai jinho qarib dar hammai hikoyahoi musalmoni vo khurdan mumikin az jumla dar kitobhoi shuravii sinfi 7 (Adabiyot) oidi qissai «Eraji Tilismshikan». Dar borai jinho ba tavri vase badi hukumroni Abbosiyon khelo qissaho ziyod shudand. Albata adabiyoti islomi dar borai jinho kam malumot dodaast vale adabiyoti khalqi oidi jinho khelo qissahoro qayd karda guzashtaast, va gufta shudaast, kich i khel onho ba domi khud mardhoro bo oshiqiyu zebogi va tillovu zebogi rom karda halok gardondaand.

Jinho asosan dar roli zulmdor va shakhsi zararrason dar adabiyothoi arabi khelo va khelo qayd karda shudaand va khususiyati onho ba roli shaytone ki dar adabiyoti avrupoi vomekhurand monand ast.

Jinhoi narro bo nomi «Dev» dar adabiyotho zikr shudaand va onhoro beshtar vaqt sababgori badbakhtiho medonand, az jumla bemoriho, margi nogahon va g. Jinhoi zanona mardhoro dar khobu dar zindagoniashon daromada onhoro ba rohi bad mebarand.

jin_ajinaBazeho az jinho nametarsand va baraks harakat mekunand, ki tavonoii jinhoro baroi komyob shudan dar kori khud istifoda barand, ki jumlai in kor jodugari, folbini, suzanzani va gayraho meboshad.

Falastiniho bovari dorand, ki jinho dilkhoh shaklro metavonand sohib shavand az jumla misli piyola, dar, tayoq, musafed, kudak va gayra. Zanhoi falastini boshand meguyad, ki begohi jogahi ravgandorro kushodan lozim nest, az on sabab ki dar darunash jinho omada meshinand.

Tojikon boshand tavsiya mekunand, ki begohiruzi – shom dar berun bozi nakunand, dar khona hushtak nakashand, shabona dar mazor nagardand, tagi darakhti chanor, chormagz va archa khob naravand, az boloi alob najahand, begohi peshi dahani dar nanishinand, khokistaro dar nazdikii khona napartoyand, porubro dar toriki nakovand ki in ba oqibathoi bad meovarad, chun ki dar on joyho Jinho sayr mekunand.

Dar urfiyati musalmoni agar kudak dar peshi dar aftad pas on joyro namak va ob meposhand. Dar toriki boshad nazdi oyna nameshinand.

Rivoyate dar bayni arabhoi falastini hast, ki vaqte ki Momohavo (zani avvalini rui dunyo – zani hazrati Odam alayhi salom) 40 farzand mekunad 20-toi vay bezeb budaand ki modarashon onhoro mepartoyad. In hodisaro Hudo dida borahmona onhoro ba jinho mubaddar megardonad.

Dar adabiyoti khalqi ozar boshad rivoyatho hastand, ki jinho ba asp savor shudanro dust medorand. Az in lihoz ba aspho saqichi siyohro meshakand, to inki ba onho jinho chaspida az savorshavii asp halok shuda bimirand.

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Jini Marid

Baroi jinho jazoi badtarin in khalondani suzan ast. Az in khotir mardumi tojik va khususan zanho suzanro ba libosi khud mechasponand to in ki jinho ba jismi onho nazdik nashavad. Agar suzanro ba jin zani pas vay yakumr mutei –gulom meshavad va guftai sohibashro ijro mekunad. Jinho tanho bo firebi kudak suzanro az badanashon kashida giriftanro orzuvu harakat mekunand. Ajoibiash dar on ast, ki jinho khudashon mustaqilona suzanro az badani khud mustaqilona kashida girifta nametonand.

Dar jangi najotie ki dar Ruanda shuda bud khalqhoi Hutu va Tutsi az musalmonho megurekhtand, chunki onho bovari doshtand ki musalmonho va masjidi onho zeri itoati jinho qaror dorand. Dar CHyangun boshad masjidhoro mesuzondand, ki sababash guyo on jo pur az jin bud.

Dar kitobi Talmud va digar kitobhoi muqaddasi yahudi qayd shudaast, ki jonvaroni Jinmonand mavjudand. Onho ruhhoe meboshand, ki dar ruzi shashum yane ruzi Juma ofarida shudaand va Hudo baroi onho natavonist, ki sarivaqt jism sozad va onho be jism mondand, chunki ruzi shanbe daromadaast. Dar borai onho gufta shudaast, ki onho misli farishtaho qanot dorand, va az yak gushai dunyo ba digarash parvoz karda ravand. Bar ilovai in ba monandi odamon khurok gurandu, nushoki nushand, ziyodu kam shavand. Odamon boyad ba onho khudro nazdik nakunand gufta shudaast dar in kitob.

Dar borai Jinho dahho adad filmho ba navor girifta shudaast ki qismi ziyodi onho ba zaboni angllisi meboshad.

Surai Jin (72-yumin Surai Quron)

Ba nomi Hudoi bakhshoyandai mehrubon!

  1. Bigu: «Ba man vahy shudaast, ki guruhe az jin gush faro dodandu guftand, ki mo, haroyna, Qurone ajib shunidem.
  2. Ba rohi rost hidoyat mekunad. Pas, mo ba on imon ovardem va hargiz kasero shariki Parvardigoramon namesozem.
  3. Va albatta, azamati Parvardigori mo olist. Na hamsare girad va na farzande dorad.
  4. Va bekhiradi mo dar borai Hudo sukhanone ba nohaq meguft.
  5. Va mo, haroyna, mepindoshtem, odamu jin dar borai Hudo, hargiz, durug nameguyand.
  6. Va niz mardone budand az odamiyon, ki ba mardone az jin panoh meburdand va bar sarkashiashon meafzudand.
  7. Hamchunon, ki shumo mepindoshted, onho ham mepindoshtand, ki Hudo, hargiz, hej kasro dubora zinda namesozad.
  8. Mo ba osmon rasidem va onro pur az nigahbononi qudratmandu shihobho (sitoragon) yoftem.
  9. Va mo, haroyna, dar in joyho, ki metavon gush faro dod, menishastem. Ammo har ki aknun baroi gush kardan (gush dodani maloikaho) nishinad, shihobero (otashporaero) dar kamini khud yobad.
  10. Va mo namedonem, ki oyo baroi kasone, ki ba ruyi zamin hastand, badi muqaddar meshavad yo Parvardigorashon mekhohad ba rohi rostashon bibarad.
  11. Baze az mo solehand va baze juz on va mo firqahoe gunogunem.
  12. Mo medonem, ki Hudoro dar zamin hargiz ojiz natavonem kard va, hargiz, bo gurekhtan niz notavonash nasozem.
  13. Va chun sukhani hidoyat shunidem, ba on imon ovardem. Va har ki ba Parvardigorash imon ovarad, na az nuqson metarsad va na az sitam.
  14. Va haroyna, baze az mo (jinniyon) musalmononand va baze az haq dur. Va onon, ki Islom ovardaand, dar justujui rohi rost budaand.
  15. Ammo onon, ki az haq durand, hezumi jahannam khohand bud».
  16. Va agar (odamiyonu pariyon) bar tariqai rost (yaktoparasti va toati Hudo) poydori kunand, haroyna, az obe farovon serobashon kunem,
  17. To onhoro biyozmoem dar on (nemati farovon). Va har ki az zikri Parvardigorash ruy gardonad, uro ba azobe sakht darandozand.
  18. Va haroyna, masjidho az oni Hudost. Va bo vujudi Hudoi barhaq kasero ba khudoi nakhoned.
  19. CHun bandai Hudo (Muhammad) baroi parastishi u bar poy istod, girdi uro giriftand (jinho).
  20. Bigu: «Tanho Parvardigoramonro mekhonam va hej kasro shariki u namesozam».
  21. Bigu: «Albatta, man nametavonam bar shumo ziyone birasonam yo shumoro ba saloh ovaram».
  22. Bigu: «Hej kas maro, hargiz, az uqubati Hudo panoh nadihad va man juz u, hargiz, panohgohe nameyobam,
  23. On chi metavonam juz rasondani payyomi u va anjom dodani risolathoi u nest. Va har ki Hudovu payombarashro nofarmoni kunad, pas, nasibi u, haroyna, otashi jahannam ast, ki hamesha dar on khohad bud,
  24. To on goh ki on chiro ba onho vada doda budand, bingarand. Pas, khohand donist, chi kasonero yoroni notavontar va shumori kamtar budaast».
  25. (Ey payombar, ba kofiron) Bigu: «Man namedonam, ki oyo on vadae, ki ba shumo dodaand, nazdik ast yo Parvardigori man baroi on zamone nihodaast?
  26. U donoi gayb ast va gaybi Hudro bar hej kas oshkor namesozad,
  27. Magar bar on payombare, ki az u khushnud boshad, zero ki baroi nigahboni az u, peshi ruy va pushti sarash nigahbone qaror medihad,
  28. To bidonad, ki onho payomhoi Parvardigorashonro rasonidaand va Hudo ba on chi dar nazdi onhost, ihota dorad va hama chizro ba adad shumor kardaast.

JIN AZ NUQTAI NAZARI TIB

Muvofiqi ilmi Tib mavjudiyati jinho ba misli didani Hob ast. YAne hastii jinnro tib inkor mekunad va nazariyaho hastand ki hangomi inson ba yagon bemorii jismoni va yo dushvorii zindagi mebinad dar mavjudiyati jinho beshtar bovari hosil namuda jinhoro mebinad. Masalan agar dar maynai sar agar lakhtai khun darmonad pas on ba bemorii epelepsiya ovarda merasonad va odam ba larza medaroyad.

Dar zamoni peshtar to taraqqi yoftani ilmi tib shakhsone ki tabiatan nosolim tavallud shudaand va be bemorihoi asab mubtalo shudaandu ba sari onho har guna didani jismhoi gayriodii vohimanok ba nazar merasid pas onhoro jinzada meshumoridand. Hol on ki bemorii «RAK» dar maynai odam ham paydo shavad pas chunin odamonro asosan jinni meguyand vale dar asl onho jinni nevu balki shakhsoni ba bemorii asab giriftorshuda hastand.

Holo muolijai shakhsoni jini ki onhoro niz devona meguyand to andozae imkonpazir ast va baroi onho tabobatkhonahoi makhsus tashkil karda shudaast, az jumlai onho dar Tojikiston in bemorkhonai «Kuktosh» ki dar nohiyai Rudaki voqe meboshad.

LATIFA DAR BORAI SHAYTON

Ruze pisari SHayton kalon meshavadu va padarash uro ba sahro baroi shinosoi bo khud megirad. Dar roh SHayton va SHaytoncha raftan megirand, ki nogoh shaytoncha az chize tarsida bajo meshavad. Padarash mepursad, ki charo metarsi va dar javob bachash ba sui mushi zamin koftaistoda dastashro daroz karda nishon medihad.
Padarash meguyad, ki okhir in mush ast va u faqat donai yagon rastani va yo reshai shirini alafhoro megurad va ba mo shaytonho yagon zarare nadorad. Raftem bacham ay in natars mega.
Badan rohro davom dodan megirand, ki boz shaytoncha tarsida bajo meshavad. Padarash mepursad boz chi gap shud? In dafa ba sui Gusfand nishon medihad. Padarash meguyad okhir in gusfand ast va garchande kalon boshad ham vale faqat alaf mekhurad va yagon zarar ba mo nadorad. Natars bacham raftem-raftem meguyad Padarash.
Dar roh boz rahsipor shuda raftan megirand, ki nogoh Padari SHayton pinhon meshavadu pisarashro meguyad ki tu ham pinhon shavad. Pisarash ba nazi padarash rafta pinhon meshavadu ba mepursad ki tu chiro diday ki in qadar tarsida pinhon shudi?
Dar javob Padarash ba sui odame, ki az rohi dur omada istoda bud ba suyash dastashro daroz karda nishon medihad va meguyad, ki onro Inson meguyand va garchande nomash Inson boshad ham noinson buda az hama zararnok chiz ast. CHun, ki har gunohe, ki mekunad, bori sari mo – yane shaytonho mezand va meguyad, ki inro man nakardaam. Har chize ki kunad megufd ki SHayton maro vas-vasa kard va man inro kardam. Baroi hamin ham az inho khudro dur gir pisaram.

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