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BRONHOSKOPIYA

bronhoskopiiaBRONHOSKOPIYA (az bronkhho va yun. skopeo – mushohida kardan, didan), trakheobronkhoskopiya, usuli tadqiqi daruni trakheya va bronkhho ba vositai asbobhoi makhsusi optiki. B.-ro baroi tashkhisi bemorihoi trakheya, bronkhho, shush, guddahoi limfavii dokhili sina, ki mujibi khunpartoi meshavand, surfai bardavom, damkutohi, tagyirot dar rentgenogramma (omos, sil, jismi begonai trakheyayu bronkhho va g.) istifoda mebarand. Dar mavridi B. agar az vujud doshtani omos gumonbar shavand, pas biopsiya niz meguzaronand. B. bo maqsadi ijroi baze tadbirhoi tabobati niz amali gardonda meshavad, mas., berun ovardani jismhoi begona va bronkholitho az rohi nafas (nig. Bronkholitiaz), man kardani khunravi az shush, shikoftani dumbali shush va g.
B. ba tavassuti bronkhoskophoi sakht yo bronkhofibroskopho guzaronda meshavad. Bronkhoskophoi sakhtro zeri narkoz va dar holati ba takhtapusht khobidani bemor istifoda mebarand. Hangomi oseb doshtani sutunmuhrai gardan, jogi poyon va baroi organizm badpazir budani behissozii umumi (nig. Narkoz) korbasti bronkhoskopi sakht joiz nest. Bronkhofibroskopiya zeri behissozii mavzei va dar holati nishastan yo ba pusht daroz kashidani bemor guzaronda meshavad. Endoskopro ba bronkhho az bini yo dahon mefiristand. Binobar chandir va borik budan, bronkhofibroskop baroi daqiq muoina kardani bronkhho imkoniyati musoid faroham meorad. Istifodai bronkhofibroskop nisbatan bezarar ast.

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