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BODOM

closeup cluster of green almonds growing on branch

BODOM (Amygdalus), lavz, butta yo darakhtest mamul. To 10 m qad mekashad. Bargi neshtarshakli dandonador, guli safed, gulobi yo arguvoni, mevai talkh yo shirin dorad. Az magzi B. halvo, tort va masnuoti gunoguni qannodi tayyor mekunand, ravganashro dar atriyot va dorusozi istifoda mebarand. Dar tibbi qadim magz, shilm, ravgan, inchunin pustlokhi reshai B. istifoda meshud. Magzi B.-ro hamchun vositai taqviyatbakhsh, ziddi iltihob, bahamovarandai zakhm, narmsozanda, pardoz va chun podzahr tavsiya medodand. Bino ba malumoti Abualii Sino hama navhoi B. tanro toza, qabziyati jigar, sipurz va gurdaro raf mekunad. Ravgani bo bobuna omekhtai on sangi masonaro meaftonad. Magzi talkhakbodomi omekhta bo ohari gandum dar mavridi khunpartoi, sulfai kuhna, ziqi nafas, varami pardai shush mufid ast. Talqoni magzi B. hangomi sulfa va khunpartoi naf dorad. Talkhakbodom dogi kunjidak, doghoi kabud, oftobsukhtaro barham medihad. SHilmi B. khususiyati bahamovari va garmibakhshi dorad. Ravgani on dar tabobati omosi pistoni bonuvon va yozishi bandu payho yori merasonad, dard va sado dodani gushro raf menamoyad. Bino ba malumoti Muhammad Husayni SHerozi B. uzvhoi darunro toza, bosiraro tez, guluro narm mekunad, baroi sina, ziqi nafas, varami pardai shush, zakhmi medavu masona mufid ast, badanro farbeh mesozad. Murabboi B. sergizo buda, badanro farbeh mekunad, baroi gurda nofe ast.
Dar tibbi mardumi magz, ravgan, barg va guli B.-i shirinro ba kor mebarand. Istemoli 0,5 – 2,0 qoshuq ravgani B. baroi tabobati qabziyat, gazak, khalai muzmin va bronkhit mufid meboshad. Tabiboni khalqi bo magzi B.-i shirin zardparvinro muolija menamoyand. Bo in maqsad onho ruzi yakum istemoli 5 dona (2 – 3 marotiba) B.-ro tavsiya medihand; ruzhoi badi miqdori onro 5 donagi afzuda, badi 4 – 5 ruz taqr. ba 70 dona merasonand. Sipas, miqdori istemoli magzro ba hamin tartib kam karda, ba 15 adad meorand va ba tabobat khotima mebakhshand. Baroi muolijai gushdard ruze 2 marotiba ba gush ravgani B. chakondan lozim. Molidani ravgani B. pustro narm mesozad. Az magzi kuftai B. «shiri bodom» tahiya mekunand, ki dar pardozgari istifoda meshavad. Marhami bargi tari B. baroi dogi kunjidak, dumbal va jarohati fasoddori pust nofe ast.
B.-ro to buyash baromadan tafsonida, bad magzi onro judo karda bikhurand, medaro qavi megardonad, isholro mebandad, sustii medaro daf mekunad, maniro ziyoda menamoyad. Agar 17,5 g magzi B.-ro kufta, bo asal khamir sokhta, lesida bikhurand, dardi jigar va surfaro shifo mebakhshad. Gurai B.-ro bo pustash bikhurand, buni dandonro mustahkam mekunad; guli onro istemol kunand, bohi mardonro ba harakat meovarad. Bargi taru tozai B.-i shirinro kufta bikhurand, darunro meronad, kirmhoi medaro merezonad. Agar reshai B.-i talkhro dar ob jushonida, on obro binushand, sipurz va gurdaro az moddahoi zararnok pok megardonad. Magzi onro kufta, bo sirko yo sharob sirishta guzoshta bandand, reshhoi kuhna va davanda, obilahoi tar, shukufai pust, qutur, khorish va allergiyai pustro shifo mebakhshad.
Dar tibbi muosir ravgani B. ba sifati davoi rafi qabziyat tavsiya doda meshavad. Onro ba tarkibi linimentho, marhamho, kremhoi gunogun ilova mesozand. Javhari obii magzi B. tarashshuhi shirai medaro kam mekunad, baroi muolijai gazaku zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta mufid ast. Istemoli 10 – 15 chakra obi talkhakbodom, ki az sabusi on tahiya karda meshavad, asabhoro orom sokhta, khalai shikam va sulfai dardnokro raf mesozad.
Dar tarkibi B.-i talkh emulsin nom fermenti zahrnok mavjud ast. Binobar in dar mavridi istifodai on boyad ehtiyot shud. Zeri tasiri voyai ziyodi kislotai sinil, ki fermenti mazkur hosil mekunad, faoliyati markazi nafasgiri qat megardad. Ba tasiri kislotai sinil khususan kudakon hassos meboshand. Mavridi zahroludi to omadani dukhtur medaro bo mahluli permanganati kaliy (1:1000) shustan lozim (ba bemor 0,5 – 1,0 l mahlulro nushonda, sipas qay mekunonand).

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