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BAKTERIOLOGIYA

bakteriologiyaBAKTERIOLOGIYA (Bacterioljgia; az bakteriyaho va …logiya), yak sohai mikrobiologiya, ki ba omuzishi bakteriyaho mashgul ast. B.-i umumi masalahoi tasnif, morfologiya, fiziologiya, biokhimiya, irsiyat, tahavvul, dar muhiti gizoi pahn gashtani bakteriyahoro tadqiq mekunad. B.-i tibbi khosiyati bakteriyahoi baroi odamon kasaliovar, rohhoi judo kardani onho, tashkhisot, masalahoi immunitet va g.-ro meomuzad. B.-i veterinari barangezandahoi kasalii siroyatii hayvonotro tadqiq mekunad. B.-hoi sanitari, kishovarzi va sanoati niz mavjudand.
Tarikhi taraqqiyoti B.-i nazariyaviyu amali dar Tojikiston ba tashkili Pajuhishgohi sanitariyu bakteriologi dar sh. Dushanbe (s. 1932) aloqamand ast. Dar pajuhishgohi mazkur shubai B. tasis yofta bud, ki ayni hol markazi ilmiyu metodi mahsub meshavad. Dar shuba tasiri tarafayni bakteriyaho, virusho va soddatarinho dar medayu ruda, tasiri biosenozho ba davomoti bemori, khususiyati bakteriyai isholi khunin, angezahoi salmonellyoz va rohhoi pahn gardidani bemorihoi siroyati mavridi tadqiq qaror giriftand.
S. 1941 dar DDTT ba nomi Abuali ibni Sino kafedrai mikrobiologiya tasis yoft, ki dar tarbiyai mutakhassisoni sohai B. sahmi nazarras guzosht. Kormandoni kafedra az ruzhoi avvali faoliyati ilmii khesh ba masalai tadqiqoti bakteriologi etibori makhsus medodand. Dar natija oidi angezandai bisyor bemorihoi siroyatii mamul va rohhoi mahv sokhtani onho, paydoishi bemorihoi rimdor, khususiyati irsii mikroorganizmhoi bemorizo, mas., kampilobakteriyaho, khelokobakteriyaho va g. malumoti jolib ba dast omadand. Tadqiqoti bakteriologi dar In-ti peshgirii bemorihoi Vazorati tandurustii jumhuri niz ba roh monda shudaand.

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Liseyi “Hilol” dar sh. Dushanbe

Liseyi HILOL yo khud onro niz gimnaziya ham menomand, az solhoi 2000-um faoliyat namuda talabagonro …