Home / Gunogun / AVLOD VA OILAI PAYOMBAR MUHAMMAD (SAV) Tarikh – biografiya

AVLOD VA OILAI PAYOMBAR MUHAMMAD (SAV) Tarikh – biografiya

Qurayshiho asosan dar shahri Makka istiqomat doshtand va khidmati Kaba, ki baroi hamai qabilahoi arab khonai muqaddas bud, dar dasti onho bud. Kaba dar markazi shahr voqe bud va khonahoi mardumi Makka dar atrofi on qaror doshtand. Honahoi qabilai Quraysh, ki az namoyandagoni qabilahoi digar ba martabayu ehtirom balandtar donista meshudand, dar nazdiktari Kaba joy doshtand. Badi khonahoi qurayshiho, muvofiqi martaba, khonahoi digaron joy megiriftand. Dar atrofi shahr benavoyonu bechoragonu muzduron zindagoni mekardand.

arabho

Har qabilai arab, az jumlai shakhsoni bonufuzu sohibehtirom, baroi khud sarvar intikhob mekardand. Hanuz to zuhuri islom sarvari qabilai qurayshiho Hoshim bud. Hoshim nigokhubini khonai Kabaro niz ba uhda dosht. U shakhsi sarvatmande bud, gayr az on vay qavmi khudro vodor kard, ki qisme az moli khudro baroi mehmondorii hojiyon bipardozand. Ashkhose, ki ba ziyorati Kaba meomadand, mehmoni khudo donista meshudand va Hoshim tamomi hochiyonro, ki ba Makka meomadand, bo khurok tamin menamud.

Bad az vafoti Hoshim idorai Kaba dar ikhtiyori avlodi u boqi mond, zero bo nakukoriyu sakhovati khesh dar bayni aholii Makka obruyu etibori buzurg paydo karda bud. Hamin tariq, bad az vafoti Hoshim sarvari qabila va khonai Kaba ba pisari u Abdulmuttalib nasib gardid.

Abdulmuttalib dah, farzand dosht va az hama beshtar ba pisari khurdi Abdulloh mehr dosht. Abdulloh, javoni zebovu khushqiyofa va bo odobu khushraftor bud. U bo khoksoriyu khushfeli mahbubi mardumi Makka gardida bud.

Vaqte ki Abdulmuttalib haftodsola bud, sini Abdulloh ba bistu chor rasida bud va padar khost uro khonador kunad. Abdulmuttalib Omina, dukhtari Vahbro, ki yake shaykhoni mutabari arab bud, khostgori kard va bo rozigii tarafayn nikoh, kardand. Bad az izdivoj bo Omina Abdulloh faoliyati tijoratiashro idoma dod. Dar yake az safarhoyash ba Madina bemor shuda, vafot mekunad. Omina, ki homilador bud, be-parastor memonad.

Az Abdulloh ba Omina panj shutur, yak rama gusfand va yak kaniz meros boqi mond.

Bad az 2 mohi vafoti Abdulloh, 27 avgusti soli 570 melodi Omina pisar tavallud kard. Abdulmuttalib az shunidani in khabar khursand shud. Vay nazdi Omina raft va naberai navzodashro girifta ba khonai Kaba burd va uro Muhammad nom guzosht. Ruzi haftumi tavallud Abdulmuttalib ushturero kushta, ziyofat dod.

Dar ibtido Omina khudash uro shir medod va parastori mekard, chunonchi qayd gardid, hazrati Muhammad ba dunyo yatim omad, binobar in boboyash Abdulmuttalib tarbiyati naberaashro ba uhdai khud girift. Dar bayni ashrofi Makka rasme bud, ki kudaki navzodro baroi shirkhori va tarbiya ba kabilahoi sahroi mesuporidand. Abdulmuttalib ham baroi nigoh, doshtani on odat Mukhammad /a/-ro ba Halima nom doya doda, baroi tarbiya ba sahro firistod.

Halima uro shir medod va dukhtarash SHaymo uro parastori mekard. Havoi sahrovu zindagii soddai biyobon ba nashunamoi jismoni va salomatiash tasiri khub rasonidand. Halima ba hamsoyagon meguft, ki az on ruze in kudakro ba tarbiya giriftaast, korhoi ruzgorash barakat yoftaastu zindagoniashon oromu khursandona meguzarad.

Ba hamin hol Muhammad /a/ to panjsolagi dar oilai Halima zindagi mekard. Fazoi ozodu havoi pokizai sahro jismi uro qavi sokht. Munosibat va irtiboti doimi bo odamoni oddiyu mehnati ba felu raftori u tasiri khub guzoshtand, zaboni fasehi arabiro az mardumi mehnati omukht. Solhoe, ki u dar bayni in mardumi zahmatkashi sahroi guzaronida bud, ba felu raftori vay naqshi musbat guzoshtand.

Bad az ba kamol rasidanu sohibi martaba shudanash hazrati Mukhammad /a/ doyaash Halima va farzandoni uro ba neki yod mekardu ba onkho yori merasond. Badi panj sol Muhammad ba nazdi modarash bargasht. Boboyash Abdulmuttalib, ki hanuz sarvari qabilai Quraysh bud, tarbiyai oyandai uro purra ba zimmai khud girift. Abdulmuttalib, az farzandoni khud dida Muhammadro beshtar dust medosht. Har goh, ki farzandon dar atrof jam meshudand, Muhammadro dar pahlui khud shinonda, ba u mehruboni mekard.

Bad az muddate Omina khost pisarashro ba Madina burda, ba kheshu aqraboyash shinos kunad. bo hamin maqsad onho ba Madina safar kardand. Vaqte ba Madina rasidand, Muhammad khonaero, ki padarash dar on jo vafot karda bud, did va turbati padarashro ziyorat kard. Onho yak moh, dar Madina mehmon shudand va boz ba jonibi Makka ravon shudand. Dar asnoi bargashtan dar Abvo modarash bemor shud, bad az muddate vafot yoft. Ominaro ham dar Madina ba khok suporidand. Muhammad ba dili purdardu chashmi giryon ba Makka bargasht. Dasti taqdir bori digar uro yatim kard va ranju bekasii yatimiro beshtar ehsos mekard.

In hodisa vayro dar nazdi boboyash boz ham aziztar kard. Bo vujudi in davrai yatimi dar khotiri Muhammad abadi naqsh bast. Az in jost, ki Muhammad dar «Hadisho» oid ba gamkhori dar haqqi yatimon sukhanoni ziyode guftaast. Az jumla dar hadise ovarda shudaast, ki «Har kasse, ki sari yatimro sila kunad va khotiri uro shod namoyad, khudovandi taolo az u rozi megardad». Hudi Muhammad ham in amalro hej goh faromush namekard, dar haqqi yatimon va darmondagon nekii kheshro dareg namedosht.

Ammo Muhammadro boz fojiai digare pesh omad. Dar sini hashtodsolagi boboyash Abdulmutallib vofot mekunad. Dar on vaqt Muhammad hashtsola shuda bud. Muhammad az margi boboyash bisyor gamgin gashta bud va dunboli janoza to oromgohi okhirinash girya karda raft. Simoi neki boboyash, hamchun mardi sakhovatmand, fozilu nakukor dar khotirai u naqsh bast.

Suporish va savolho.

  1. Dar borai Muhammad paygambar kadolm qissahoro medoned?
  2. Kadom kitobhoi dini islomro medoned

 

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