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ALBUMINHO

albuminhoALBUMINHO (az lot. albumen – safedii tukhm), safedahoi tabii, ki dar boftahoi nabotot va hayvonot mavjudand. Dar ob va sulfiti ammoniyi 50-foiza hal meshavand; dar mavridi jushondani mahluli obi sokhtori A. tagyir meyobad. A. az aminokislotaho iboratand; onho meta- vonand bo karbogidratho, lipidho va dig. safedaho payvast gardand. Miqdori A. dar tarkibi mevaho bo mururi pukhta rasidani onho afzuda, bad kam meshavad (ba sharoiti obu havo va agrotekhnikai parvarish vobasta ast). Mas., dar gujmi angur 65% (35% globulin) va dar tukhmi on to 28% A. vujud dorad. Safedai halshavandai shirai angur az jihati tarkib ba A. nazdik ast. Dar boftahoi organizmi odam miqdori A. nisbatan kam ast (5 – 10 fisadi hamai safedahoro tashkil medihad). A. dar tar- kibi khun beshtar buda, ba 55 – 60 fisadi hajmi umumii safedahoi on barobar ast. A.-i khun faqat dar jigar hosil shuda, sipas ba khun intiqol meyobad. Ahamiyati fiziologii A. dar zardobi khun bagoyat kalon ast. Onho na faqat khosiyati khudi zardob, balki bisyor ravandhoi mubodilaro dar tamomi organizm muqarrar mesozand. Dar mavridi bisyor bemoriho, mas., bemorihoi siroyati, osebi jigaru gurdaho, illati silsilai ustukhonho va badi jarrohihoi vaznin miqdori A. dar zardobi khun kohish meyobad. Nig. niz Safedaho, Globulinho.
Ad.: Dolgov V.V., SHevchenko O.P., La- boratornaya diagnostika narusheniy obmena belkov, M., 1997; Biokhimiya, M., 2005.

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