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AQOQIYO

akokiyoAQOQIYO (Robinia pseudoacacia), yak nav darakhti oroishist. Qarib dar hama nohiyahoi Tochikiston meruyad. To 16 m qad mekashad. Reshaash ustuvor; qutri shokhu navdaash 9,5 m; pustlokhi shokhu navdahoyash dorchinii tira, navdahoi yaksolaash az sabz to dorchinii surkhcha. Bargash parshakl, da roz (12 – 24 sm), dumchaash kutoh (1,5 – 3,5 sm), to okh. tiramoh namerezad. Niholash badi 4 – 7 soli shinondan gul mekunad. Hushagulash safed, khushbuy (daroziash 7 – 10 sm). Mevaash gilofakmonand, 4 – 10 dona tukhm dorad; tukhmash sabz yo dorchini. A. da- rakhti rushnoiparvard ast; ba kamobi tob meovarad. Dar zamini narm va hosilkhez nagz rushdu inkishof meyobad (niholash to 7 – 10-solagi khele tez mesabzad). Az guli A. glyukozidi robinin, ravgani efir, az bargu gulash rang, az tukhmash ravgan va az pustlokhu chubash moddahoi dabbogi megi- rand. Guli A. khele sershahd buda, baroi zanburparvari ahamiyati kalon dorad. Bo maqsadi tabobat gul, barg va pustlokhi A. istifoda megardad. Guli A.-ro dar holati purra nashukuftan megundorand (dar joyi shamolras dar haror. 40 – 50°S khushk mekunand). Pustlokh va bargi onro metavon dar davomi davrai nashv gundosht. Dar tibbi qadim A. baroi muolijai bisyor bemoriho istifoda meshud. Abualii Sino A.-ro baroi muolijai tab, gulmija va khirashavii chashm, jarohati milki dan- don, khunbalgami, zakhmi ruda, bodi fatq (dabba), faromadani bachadon, jarohathoi sukhtagi va g. davoi khub hisobidaast.
Dar tibbi muosir guli A. baroi tabobati bemorihoi peshobdon, gurda, dardi sangi gurda va shoshadon, amrozi medayu rudaho, tromboflebit, radikulit, miozit, osteokhondroz, tarbod, nevralgiya, gripp, sulfa va iloji zakhmho kor farmuda meshavad. Istemoli jushobi pustlokhi shokhahoi navrustai A. baroi rafi turshii meda va rudai duvozdahangushta, qabziyati shikam nofe ast. Alkaloidi robinin, ki dar tarkibi uzvhoi gunoguni A. vujud dorad, zahrnok meboshad. Binobar in, hangomi istifodai davohoi az A. tahiyagashta ehtiyot boyad shud.
Ad.: Kolesnikov A.I., Dekorativnaya den- drologiya, M., 1960; Kachalov A^., Derevya i kustarniki, M., 1970; Bukharev G.F., Kuyikov N.S., Albom pchelovoda, M., 1971; Flora Tadjik- skoy SSR, t. 5, L., 1978.

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