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VOQEAHOI NIMAI AVVALI ASRI XVI

Muborizahoi Bobur Mirzo be oqibat mondand. Sarzamini Osiyoi Miyona ba zeri tasarrufi SHayboniyon daromad. Vale in mulki sobiq obod ba kharobi ru nihoda bud. Janghoi pai hami sulolavi, hujumi lashkari khorija, istibdod va gorati mugulho ba zindagonii mardum va hayoti khojagii mamlakat tasiri halokatbor rasonidand. Masohati zaminhoi kisht khele kam gardid. Mulkhoi alohida tamoman ba ikhtiyori namoyandagoni khonadoni SHayboni guzapggand. Sohiboni onho metavonistand mulkro ba farzandonashon meros guzorand. Bukhoro, Samarqand, Hisor, Toshkand, Hujand, Uroteppa va misli inho amloki kalongaron budand.

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Nomdortarin sohiboni mulk dar Samarqand Kuchkunchikhon, dar Bukhoro Ubaydullokhon, dar Hisor Temur Ahmad Sulton, dar Uroteppa Abdulatif Sulton, dar Badakhshon SHohsulaymon menishastand.

Hukmrononi khonadoni SHayboni az lashkarkashi ba mulkhoi digar dast nakashida budand. YAke az hadafhoi asosii onho ishgoli Hirot bud. Zabti in shahr on maniro ifoda mekard, ki sulolai nav sohibi hamai sarzamini Temuriyon gashtaast. Bo vujudi in, avzoi in davra nisbatan oromtar va sharoiti khojagidori musoidtar gardida bud.

Ammo dar miyoni asri XVI jangu nizohoi feodali yak hodisai muqarrari gardid. Dar mamlakat duhokimiyati ba vujud omad. YAke az hamin qabil ruydodho ba nomi hokimi Hisor Temur Ahmad Sulton aloqamand ast. To chandgoh ba nomi u dar Movarounnahr tanga zarb namuda khutba mekhondand.

Dar sari guruhi digar Abdullo Sultoni javon meistod. In du podshohi mukholif ba tavri khud du khoqonro ba masnadi hukumati oli menishinonand. Okhiri okhiron piruzi nasibi Abdullokhon megardad. Soli 1557 u Bukhororo ishgol namud. Az soli 1560 in shahr poytakhti davlati shayboniyon gardid. Abdullokhon davlatro poydor gardonida, ba zabti mulkhoi digar shuru namud.

U soli 1574 Hisoru Urotsppa va Hujand, bad az chor soli digar Samarqandro ishgol namud. SHohoni Badakhshon ittifoqchii sultonhoi Hisor budand. Abdullokhon ba yurish ba sui Badakhshon tayyori medid. Muzaffariyathoi uro fahmida hokimi in mulk SHohrukh Mirzo pisari Ibrohim Mirzo (naberai SHohsulaymon) tobeiyati khudro ba Abdullokhon izhor namud, Bo hamin mardumi Badakhshon az jangi khunrezi va goratgari emin mondand.

Tobeiyati Hisor va Badakhshon ba Abdullokhon tobeiyati Hatlonro niz tamin namud. Soli 1583 pas az favti padar Abdullokhoni II hukmroni mamlakat shud. U maqsad dosht, ki hamai mulkhoi zamone ba SHaybonikhon tobebudaro ba tasarrufi khud darorad. Bo in maqsad Abdullokhon soli 1585 Badakhshonro zabt kard. Bad az chor soli digar qismi Eronro ba khud tobe namuda, ba sui Horazm lashkar kashid. U davlati to yak andoza mutamarkaz ba vujud ovarda tavonist.

Abdullokhoni II khodimi barjastai davlati bud. Barham dodani janghoi bayniqabilavi va purzurshavii hokimiyati markazi baroi taraqqiyoti iqtisodiyot sharoiti musoid faroham ovardand. Sokhtmoni rohho, pulho, sardobaho, korvonsaroyho, madrasa, tijorat va amsoli onho ba nomi u marbut gardidaand. Islohoti pulii Abdullokhon makhsusan ahamiyati kalon dosht. U ba zarbi tangahoi tilloii asil shuru kard.

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