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Tekhnologiyai mato tayor kardani mato

Insoniyat az qadimulayom matoro istifoda mebarad. Usulhoi tayyor namudani mato hanuz az zamonhoi khele qadim malum ast. Koftukovhoi bostonshinosi shahodat medihand, ki ajdodoni mo dar asrhoi JV-i pesh az milod ba bofandagi (mato tayyor kardan) mashgul budand.

Avvalin nakhhoe, ki odamon istifoda meburdand nakhhoi (suzgiyoh) va (kanabu) bangdona budast. Tekhnikai korhoi resandagiyu bofandagi soliyoni ziyod dasti buda, tanho dar asrhoi miyona on ru ba taraqqi nihod.

Az duku charkhho to halloji az halloji to dastgohhoi oddi, az on to dastgohhoi mekhanikiyu avtomatii puriqtidor takmil doda shudand. Holo yak chand namud nakhhoro istifoda mebarand.

Mato muvofiqi tartibi zayl tayyor meshavad:

  1. Mahsuloti bofandagiro az chigit toza mekunand
  2. Kaloba mekunand
  3. Az kaloba resmon merezand
  4. Az resmon mato mebofand
  5. Rangu bor medihand

Ba guruhhoi aslii matohoi dokhil meshavand, ki az nakhhoi tabii yane az rastanigi – pakhta, pila, hayvonot – muyna, zagirpoya, kanna bandgona, matohoi suf, chit, satin, shohi atlas, shifon, dukhoba, bakhmal Mato dar natijai boftani rishtaho, toru pud hosil meshavad. Rishtai tor darozi amudiash ast.

Rishtahoi darozi asos (tor) dar vaqti kashidan daroz nameshavand. Rishtahoi pud dar vaqti kashidan meyozand rishtahoi pud gafs va kutoh meboshand Dar du pahlui mato milk mavjud ast, masofai du milkro barii mato menomand.

bofandagi

Hangomi pechonidani rishtaho az navard har tori onho vositai chashmaki remizok meguzarad.Hangomi harakati remizok (yakeash az bolo digarash az poyon) dar bayoni rishtahoi kashida nashudai tor fazo paydo meshavad. Az hamin fazo meku tez ba rishtai pud meguzorad Moku namudani kishticha va dumchai tez dorad! Dar dokhili moku naychai rishtadore hast.

Hangomi ba holati avvala bargardonidani remizokho shona rishtai pudro jafs mekunad. Moku boshad, barobari joy ivaz kardani remizokho ba samti aks harakat namuda, matoi tayyor ba navardi moli pechonida meshavad.

Mato anna hamin tavr paydo meshavad. Mehnati bofandaho dar zamonhoi pesh nihoyat dushvoru toqatfarso bud. Dar fabrikahoi bofandagi kalabaresho, resmonho, torpechonho, bofandagon va digaron kor mekunand.

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