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Tabiri khob (Kitobi khobnoma)

Kitobe, ki SHumo onro khonda istodaed, mahsuli kori purmashaqqati ziyodaaz dahsola meboshad. Man az davrai chavoni ba donistani tabiri khobho shavqu ragbati beandoza doshtam va dar in bob rivoyatkhoi ziyode shunidaam. Bisyor khobhoi jolibi diqqati az dahoni odamoni khobdida va muabbiron shunidaamro navishta megiriftam. Hudam niz khobhoi didaamro dar daftare menavishtam va tabirash agar mebaromad, onro qayd mekardam. Hobnomahoero, khi meyoftam, jam mekardam va onhoro meomukhtam.

kitob-xondan

Dar natijai jamovari, omukhtanu tahlil kardani mavodkhoi oidi khobbini va tavili khobhoi dida daryoftam, ki tabir ilmi buzurg ast va sharif. Ilmi ilohist.

Dar Quroni Majid dar surai YUsuf khudoi azza va jall meguyad ki “Va bad-in son YUsufro dar zamin makonat dodem, to ba u tabiri khob omuzem. Hudo ba kori khesh golib ast. Vale beshtari mardum namedonand”

Ba ilmi tabyr na tanho paygambari khudo YUsufi YAqub, balki digar paygambaron, az on jumla hazrati Muhammad (sallalohu alayhi va ssalam) va yoronash saru kor doshtand, khobhoi didai mardume, ki murojiat mekardand, meguftand, yane khobguzori mekardand.

Muvofiqi sarchashmahoi tarikhivu ilmi va farhangi dar davrahoi qadim tabiri khob dar zindagi ahamiyati bagoyat muhim dosht.Tabirnomai az khama qadimii khatti karib chor hazor sol pesh dar Misr Qadim tartib yofta bud, ki dar on tabiri 200 khob va tafsiri sohir nomai onro dar bar megirift.

Olimon va tabiboni YUnoni qadim Demokrit, Aflotun, Arastu va digaron tabiri khobro baroi yoftani rohhoi muolijai bemoron istifoda mekardand. Aflotun khobbiniro manbai ilhomi ejodi mednist.

Olimi buzurgi tojik shaykhurrais Abuali Ibni Sino doir ba khobbini va tavili on risolai makhsuse bo nomi “Tabir-ur-ruyo navishtaast.

Olimoni badii ham dar in joda zahmati ziyode ba kharj dodaash Dar bayni navishtajoti onho kitobi olim va navisandai forsu toji Abu-fazl Hubayshi Tiflisi “Komil-ut-tabir” yo ki “Hobnoma”  bisyor kham jolibi diqkat ast, ki soli1992bo zahmati ziyodi J. Hotami, S. Naimboev va S.Hatloni bo khati kirili chop shuda bud.

Banda, ki dar maqomoti hifzi huquk solhoi tuloni adoi vazifa mekunam va ba nazm shavqu havasi beandoza doram, ba khulosa omadam, ki bakhshi ziyodero az khobnomai Tiflisi, az khobnomai Hazrati YUsuf, az tabiri khobhoi shunida va didai khud, khamchunin khobnomahoi rusi va uzbeki ba nazm gardonam va ba khonandagoni khushzavq peshkash namoyam.

Poraero az in khobnomaho dar kitobi sherhoyam bo nomi “SHodii; didor” soli 1998 chop karda budam. Navishtani khobnomahoro bo sher davom doda istodaam.

Inro ham kayd kardan lozim ast, ki dar baynn mardumi forsizabon va digar khalkho niz khobnomai mukammale bo nazm yo mavjud nest, yo ki bisyor kam vomekhurad.

Dar in bora baze baytho va porahoi khurdi sheri va yo ba tariqi nasr vomekhurand, ki mavride gufta shudaandu bas. CHunonchi:

Az Sadi:

Tashnagonro namoyad andar khob,

Hama olam ba chashm chashmai ob.

AzHofiz:

Didam ba khobi khush, khi ba dastam piëlaa bud,

Tabir raftu kor ba davlat havola bud.

Az Sanoi:

Raqs kardan ba khob dar kishti,

Bimi garq astu moyai rishti.

Dar ilmi khobbini muammohoi ziyode hastand, ki olimoni in soha baroi hallu fasli onho va yoftani tabiri aniqtare bahs mekunand. Ajoibash dar on asg, ki dar bisyor kholatho vaqte ki odam dar khob shodiyu khursandi binad, tabirash bad mebaroyad va baraks. Masalan, giryavu gamu anduh dar khob aksar vaqt tabiri shodivu khurramiro dorad. Hobhoi dar faslhoi tiramohu zimiston dida nisbati khobhoi dar faslhoi bahoru tobiston dida kamahamiyatand. Az khama khobho daqiqtar onhoe meboshand, ki odamon pesh az subh va hangomi subh mebinand va gayra.

Agar in zahmati khoksoronai man kame boshad kham ba khonandai durshinos pisandoyad, khudro khushbakht hisob mekunam. Dar holati paydo shudani khohishu darkhostho, andeshaho yo digar masalakho oidi in “Hobnoma” khonandagon metavonand ba nigorandai in satrho bevosita murojiat npmoyand.

Kitobi tabiri khob pdf format.

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