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Sanat dar asrhoi XIX-XX

Sanat. Az nimai duyumi asri XIX cap karda, sanat to soli 1918 dar Evropai Garbi va Amerika rohi buzurgi taraqqiyotro tay kard. Dar in davra dar bayni jarayonhoi gunoguni on raqobat vujud dosht. Oqibat sanati demokrati va realisti arzi vujud mekunad.

Sanati rassomi. Ba sharofati taraqqiyoti bosurati sanati realisti dar baze mamlakatho sanati milli khele pesh raft. Rassomon asarhoi realistii shoyoni taqozoi zamonro meofaridand. Inro mo dar misoli Rusiya gufta metavonem. Rassomoni mashhuri on zamoni in mamlakat I. E. Repin va V. A. Serov obrui jahoni paydo namudand.

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Dar okhiri asri XIX – avvali asri XX sanati rassomii Faronsa dar Evropa va Amerika mavqei peshsafro ishgol mekard. Dar davomi qarib nim asr maktabi rassomii faronsavi ba jahoniyon yak guldastai rassomonro tuhfa kard. Dar in guldasta Eduard Mane, Edgar Dega, Kamill Pisarro, Ogyust Renuar, Klod Mone, Alfred Sisley va Pikassoi javon mavqei makhsus doshtand.

Dar Germaniya boshad, dar natijai tasiri vasvasai millatchigi va nikortalabii badi galaba dar jangi solhoi 1870 – 1871 bar Faronsa sanat ru ba tanazzul nihod. Vale ba har hol dar in mamlakat ham ustodoni zabardasti sanati rassomi, ba monandi Vilgelm Leybl ba voya rasidand.

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