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SHARIAT – MAJMUI QONUNHOI ISLOMI

SHariat chist? SHARIAT manii rohi durust, qonun, majmui qoidahoro, ki ijroyashon hatmi ast, dorad. On az majmui tarifot, qonunu qoidahoe ast, ki ijroi onro Quroni karim va sunnati nabavi muayyan mekunad, akhloqu raftor, tasavvuroti musulmononro dar borai hayoti dunyavi va ukhravi faro megirad.

Qabl az hama mutobiqi oyoti Quroni karim rohi durust /siroti mustaqim/ va raftori shoistai musulmononro muayyan  mesozad, ki ba ijroi ahkomi shari musulmonon ba haddi kamoli akhloqi, saodati dunyavi va ukhravi rasida, ba bihisht meravand. Manbahoi shariat Quroni karim va ahodisi nabavi meboshad. Dar mavridi manobei shariat dar bayni musulmonon gunoguni aqida vujud dorad. Masalan, zohiriho tanho on oyotero sarshachmai shariat medonand, ki dar onho in yo on raftoru tasavvurotro oshkoro bayon kardaboshand. Aksari gayr az manobei zikrshuda, sharhi faqehonro dar borai in va yo on qoidayu qonun chun manba dokhil mekunand.

shariat

Onho takid menamoyand, ki masalahoi gunogun va tasavvuroti noravshan ba vositai ittihodi ulamoi din muayan megardad, zero Quon va sunnat hamai qoidayu qonun, raftori musulmononro dar har mavridi zindagi faro giriftaand, vasoiti onhoro durust fahmida, dark kardan lozim ast.

SHariat majmui aqoid, ibodot, muomilot va akhloq ast. Az rui shariat amalu raftor tasavvurot ba halolu harom judo m eshavad. On chi ast /al-amru-bi-l-maruf/ va insonro az amali harom shariat man m ekunad /an-nahyu- ani-l-munkar/. Har on ki ba harom dast mezanad, lobud raftori zishtu bad sodir menamoyad va baraks, hari ki raftoru kirdor va andeshaash ba halol ast, kori neku khayr karda, savob megirad.

Az majmui amalu raftor korhoe hast, ijroi onho ba har yak fardi musulmonon hatmi, yane farz ast. On qabl az hama ijroi arkoni islom:

kalimai shahodat, panj vaqt namoz, ruzai mohi sharifi ramazon, zakoti molu hajro dar bar megirad. Amalhoi digar hastand, ki az ijroi onho dida, ijro nakardanashon behtar ast va amole hast, ki musulmon az onho man karda shudaand, on baroi har shakhsi musulmon harom ast. SHariat nisbat ba har yak navi amoli mazkur meyorhoi muayan va dar surati sarkashi, jazohoi amoli khudro dar okhirat mebinand. SHariat na tanho raftoru kirdori nekro targib menamoyad, balki onro ba vositahoi gunogun kushish menamoyad, ki dar jomea jori kunad.

Suporish va savolho

  1. Muvofiqi shariati musulmoni kadom raftorhoi noshoyam maqqum meshavand?
  2. SHumo va dar oilai SHumo kadom aqoidi shariat rioya meshavand?

 

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