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MOEHOI IVAZKUNANDAI HUN

khunMOEHOI IVAZKUNANDAI HUN, mahlulhoe, ki bo maqsadi muolija baroi isloh kardani tarkibi khun yo faoliyati on kor mefarmoyand. M. baroi purra ivaz kardani khun va plazma qodir nestand, vale metavonand faoliyati onhoro ba etidol ovarand. Baroi istifodai bosamar va bekhatari M. tasiroti matlub va nomatlub, tarzi korbast, orizahoi ehtimoli va tariqi raf namudani onhoro donistan hatmist.
M.-ro hangomi ikhtiloli gardishi khun, ki dar natijai talafi on yo shok rukh menamoyad, bo maqsadi az organizm khorij namudani zahrho, ba etidol ovardani mubodilai obu namak, ba organizm firistodani moddahoi gizoi kor mefarmoyand.
M. gemodinamiki, dezintoksikatsiyavi, tagziyavi, tanzimi va g. meshavand. Ba M.-i gemodinamiki poliglyukin, reopoliglyukin va jelatinol mansuband. Baroi ba dast ovardani poliglyukin va reopoliglyukin polimeri glyukoza – dekstronro ba kor mebarand. Poliglyukin dar mavridi shok va talafi shadidi khun tain karda meshavad. Vobasta ba holati bemor az 250 to 2000 ml poliglyukinro istifoda mekunand. Reopoliglyukin baroi ba etidol ovardani mikrosirkulyatsiya mufid ast. Onro hangomi shoki sadamavi, khunrez (gemorravi) va toksiki, peshgirii nuqsi shadidi gurdaho, hangomi jarrohii kushodai dil, orizahoi khunguzaroni va g. kor mefarmoyand (chakra-chakra ba vena mefiristand). Jelatinol hangomi shoki osebi va sukhtagi, bemorihoi rimdor tain karda meshavad. Onro ba vena va arteriya ravon mesozand.
Istifodai poliglyukin, reopoliglyukin va jelatinol odatan baroi bemoron khushpazir ast va orizahoi nomatlub ba bor nameorad. Faqat dar baze mavridho 5 – 10 chakrai avval mumkin ast boisi fishor khurdani sanduqi sina, takhikardiya, past shudani fishori arteriya, surkh gashtani ruy shavad. Binobar in, baroi peshgirii aksulamal sanjishi biologi guzarondan lozim ast. Hangomi rukh namudani aksulamal istifodai M.-ro qat namuda, zud ba vena 10 mm mahluli 10% khloridi kaltsiy, 20 ml mahluli 40% glyukoza, doruhoi dil, doruhoi antigistamini mefiristand.

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