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METEORIZM

meteorizmMETEORIZM (Meteorism; yun. meteorismos – damidan, bardoshtan), bodi shikam, damishi shikam, timpaniya, bo sababi dar rohi guvorish jam shudani gazho damish kardani shikam. Dar rohi hozimai odami solim ba hisobi miyona 900 sm3 gaz mavjud ast, ki baroi dar yak sath bozdoshtani tonus va peristaltikai rudaho ahamiyati kalon dorad. M. dar natijai barziyod hosil shudani gazho, ki az istemoli baze khurokvori (kartoshka, shir, lubiyo, nakhud, noni siyoh, sabzavot) rukh menamoyad, duru daroz dar ruda nigoh doshta shudan va durust jabbish nayoftani onho (binobar atoniya yo iltihobi ruda) va g. sar mezanad. M. hamchunin imkon dorad, ki dar mavridi az had ziyod furu burdani havo (nig. Aerofagiya) ba vujud oyad.
M. alomati asosii pankreatiti muzmin va shadid, koliti muzmin, disbakteriozi ruda, peritonit, noguzarogii ruda va nimfilati meda meboshad. M. zeri tasiri refleksii yagon uzvi illati (mas., shikamparda) niz ba vujud meoyad. M. metavonad umumi va juzi shavad; M.-i juzi gun shudani gaz dar meda, rudai duvozdahangushta yo yagon bakhshi rudai gafs ast.
Hangomi M. vaznini va damishi shikam, orug, hikak, dardi qabzkunanda (badi baromadani gaz nest meshavad), bui badi dahon, khuruji stenokardiya va g. ehsos meshavad.
Qabl az muolija sababi M.-ro muqarrar kardan lozim ast. Istifodai huqna, doruhoi mushil va garmkunak to aniq shudani bemori joiz nest. Agar sababi paydoishi M. gizo yo yagon bemori boshad, pas parhez mefarmoyand; istemoli sabzavoti taru toza, noni siyoh, meva va shirro hattalimkon kam kardan lozim ast. Baroi past kardani damishi shikam doruhoi gunogun mavjudand, ki onhoro bo tavsiyai dukhtur metavon istifoda burd. Tabobati bemorii asosi niz muhim ast.

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