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MASTIT

mastitMASTIT (Mastitis; az yun. mastos – piston), sinadard, gazaki gadudi shir. Bemori, odatan, badi chand vaqti kafidani nugi piston ba vujud meoyad. Gadudi shir nogahon dard mekunad, varamida sakht va pusti on surkh meshavad. Harorati badan baland gashta, tablarza ba vujud meoyad.
M. – ro, odatan, mikrobhoi fasodzo ba vujud meovarand. Natanho kafidani nugi piston, balki har guna osebi pusti gadudi sina, garchande nihoyat khurd boshad ham (varam, kharoshkhuri va g.), baroi mikrobhoi kasaliovar «darvozai kushoda» khohand shud. Mikrobho az pusti osebdida ba raghoi limfa, sipas ba boftai payvandii gadudi shir guzashta, boisi iltihob megardand. Agar nugi sina hamvor yo chuqur va pustash az had nozuk boshad, on goh mekafad. Az in ru, dar mushovaragohi tibbi ba zani homila tavsiya medihand, ki qablan sinaro ba makondan omoda sozad, nigohubini durusti pistonhoro az khud namoyad. Mikrobho az manbai iltihob (dandonhoi pusida, tonzilliti muzmin va g.) ba tavassuti raghoi khun ba boftahoi gadudi sina dokhil meshavand, az in sabab dar avvali davrai haml tabobat kardani in bemoriho khele muhim ast. Rioyai tarzi durusti sinamakoni va qoidahoi behdoshti shakhsi baroi peshgirii M. ahamiyati kalon dorad.
Nugi piston pahn yo kutoh boshad, makidani kudak dushvor megardad. Bo maqsadi shakli pistonhoro tagyir dodan ruzhoi avvali homilagi mash kardani girdi gadudhoi shir mufid ast. In korro khudi zan karda metavonad. Baroi in dastro bo obi garm sobunshu karda, chand daqiqa har yak gadudi shirro molidan (ba rafti aqrabaki soat) lozim ast. Dar davrai duyumi homilagi har ruz 10 – 15 daqiqa pistonhoro barahna karda, dar khonai bodkhonash kushoda daroz kashidan mumkin ast.
Badi tavallud har ruz pistonbandro ivaz karda, pistonhoro bo obi garmu sobuni kudakona shustan va bo sachoqi alohida khushkondan lozim ast. Pistonhoro bo ehtiyot shustan darkor, to ki yagon joi onho nakafad. To makondani kudak va badi on pistonhoro bo obi jushida shustan yo bo mahluli kislotai borat toza kardan lozim ast. Hangomi makondan kushish kardan darkor ast, ki kudak nugi pistonro purra ba dahon girad. Badi har dafai makondan shiri boqimondaro polidan zarur ast. Dar mavridi kafidani nugi pistonho, behad sakht, surkh va dardmand shudani gadudhoi shir, baland gashtani harorati badan (alomathoi M.) zud ba dukhtur murojiat boyad kard.
To muoinai dukhtur makondani sinai bemor yo polidani shiri onro bas kardan noravost. Muntazam qazoi hojat kardan (bo istifoda az doruhoi darunroni namakdor) va kam istemol namudani nushokiho (ruze to 1 l) baroi rafi bemori mufid ast. Bo maqsadi peshgirii shakhshavii khuni vena va ba digar gadudho pahn nagashtani bemori pistonro andake bolo bardoshta bastan lozim.
Ba hej vajh bo maslihati shinoson ba khudtabobat roh naboyad dod. Dar asnoi khudtabobat istemoli doruho sababi gazakro bartaraf namekunand va bemori idoma meyobad. Minbad joi sakhtshudai gadudi shir narm megardad, ki dalel ba paydoishi rimkhona ast. Dar in surat jarrohi noguzir meboshad. Ba takhir andokhtani muolija ajab nest, ki boisi inkishofi orizahoi noguvor shavad.
M. dar navzodho niz ba mushohida merasad. Sababi on siroyat yoftani gadudi shir ast (asosan az stafilokokkho). M. -i navzodon bisyor vaqt dar zaminai piodermiya rivoj meyobad. Kalon shudani gadudi shir (odatan, yake az gadudho), surkh gashatani pusti boloi on, ba vujud omadani dard, ru toftan az sina, beqarori, baland shudani harorati badan va g. alomathoi M.-i navzodon meboshand. M.-ro dar bemorkhona tabobat mekunand.
Nig. niz Dardi sinai navzodho.

M. T. Anaqulova.

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