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Kafani murda: Qoida – tartib – meyor

Mardro dar se porcha kafan kardan sunnat ast: 1) Lifofa. 2) Izor. 3) Pirohan. Va zanonro dar panj porcha kafan kardan sunnat ast: 1) Lifofa. 2) Izor. 3) Pirohan. 4) Sarband. 5) Sinaband. Va sharhi kafan chunin ast[1]:

Nom Darozi Pahno Andozai lozima
Lifofa 2-metr 1,10-metr Az cap to po va qadre izofa
Izor 2-metr 1,10-metr Az cap to po biduni izofa
Pirohan 2-metr 1,10-metr Az shona to nisfi soq
Sarband, yo chodar 1-metr taqriban 30 sm Muyi sarro du hissa karda, dar on pechand va yak hissai onro ba tarafi rosti sina va yak tarafi onro ba tarafi chapi sina guzorand.
Sinaband 1,5-metr taqriban 70 sm Az zeri bagal to nof.

Agar zanro dar panj porcha kafan nakardand, balki ba se porcha iktifo namudand, ki in iborat az lifofa va sarband boshad, joiz ast. Va az in kamtar makruh, ast, magar dar surati uzr.

Kafani sunnat baroi mard se porcha meboshad, agar ba du porcha, ki iborat az lifofa va izor kifoyat shud, joiz ast va az in kamtar makruh ast, magar dar surati uzr.

kafan

Tariqi kafan kardani mayit in ast, ki avval lifofaro pahn karda shavad va bar boloi on izor va dar boloi izor pirohan va bad az on mayitro bar boloi on guzoshta shavad. Va agar mayit zan boshad, muyi uro du hissa karda yak hissai onro ba tarafi rosti boloi pirohan va hissai digarro ba tarafi chapi boloi pirohan va sarbandro boloi cap va muyho biguzorand va nabandand. Bad az on tarafi chapi izorro boloi on pechida, sipas tarafi rostro badi sinabandro bibandand va bad az bastani sinabandu lifofa avval tarafi chap va bad tarafi rost bar mayit gardonida shavad.

Bad az kafan kardan sunnat ast, ki favran baroi namoz va dafn berun burda shavad. CHun mayitro az khona berun orand, avval sarro berun orand, pas az on poyhoro. Vale agar poyhoro avval berun orand, boke nest. CHun mayitro bar tobut nihand, avval sarro nihand, pas az on poyhoro nihand va agar baraks boshad ham, boke naboshad.

Dar boloi kafan ahdnoma, yo shajara va yo duoero guzoshtan joiz nest va hamchunin navishtani kalimai tayyiba bar sina va yo navishtani duoi digar niz joiz nest, albatta, guzoshtan az pardai khonai Kaba mone nest. Pas guslu kafan va namoz bar on mayit khonda shavad va agar tifle murda ba dunyo omad, pas gusl doda va dar porchae pechida biduni nom guzoshtan va namozi janoza uro dafn kunand.

Agar haml soqit shud, boyad tavajjuh shavad, agar azoi on durust shuda, hukmi on hukmi bachai murda ast va agar durust nashuda boshad, pas dar porchae pechida shavad va dafn gardad.

Agar sari bacha berun omad va zinda bud va bad az on bimurd, hukmi bachai murdaro dorad. Va agar aksari on berun omad va zinda bud va bad az on murd, hukmi zinda bar on jori meshavad.

Dukhtari nazdik ba balogat hukmi zanro dorad, ki boyad dar panj porcha kafan shavad va dukhtari khurdsol dar panj porcha kafan behtar ast va dar du porcha, ki iborat az lifofavu izor ast, joiz ast.

Mayit dar har shahru mahalle, ki vafot namoyad, hamon jo dafn karda shavad va az joe ba joe burdani on mayit khub nest, magar dar surati uzr.

Agar uzve az azo, yo nisfi jasad biduni cap paydo shud, bo porchae pechida dafn karda shavad. Agar nisfi jasad hamrohi cap boshad, yo az nisf beshtar paydo shavad, pas ba tariqi sunnat kafan karda dafn shavad.

Agar qabre vayron shavad va jasadi murdae uryon, be kafan paydo shavad, pas vojib ast, ki onro boyad kafan karda ba tariqi sunnat gur karda shavad.

Kafani murohiq[2] va khunosoi mushkil monandi bolig ast. Kudake, ki murohiq naboshad, ba yak joma kafan karda meshavad.

Kafani zan bar shavhar vojib ast, agarchi zan moldor boshad. Agar shavharash naboshad, pas kafanash ba on kas ast, ki nafaqaash ba u vojib buvad, agar chunin kas paydo nashavad, az baytulmol ba u kafan karda shavad. Agar baytulmol naboshad va yo boshadu ba in kor sarf kardan naboshad, pas mikdori yak joma, ki baroi kafani zarurat ast, suol karda shavad. Ba kafan kardan matoi safed behtar ast. Zanhoro bo matoi rangdor kafan kardan joiz ast.

[1] Jadvali mazkur az kitobi «Hulosatu-l-masoil», sahifai 107 ovarda shud.

[2] Murohiq – pisare, ki nazdik ba balogat boshad.

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