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KARVIYO

carviyoKARVIYO (Carum carvi), zirai rumi, zirai siyoh, kibrak, shohzira, giyohest du yo bisyorsola. To 30 – 100 sm qad mekashad. Poyai dorunkholii rost, bargi parmonand, guli maydai safed dorad. Iyun – iyul gul karda, avg. tukhm mebandad. Dar margzori sernam, sahroyu alafzori besha, kanori rohu qad – qadi juy, sohili daryoho mesabzad.
Dar q-kuhhoi Zarafshon, Turkiston, Hisoru Darvoz, nohiyahoi Tojikistoni Janubiyu SHarqi, Pomiri Garbi va SHarqi (dar balandii 800 – 3500 m az s.b.) vomekhurad.
K. giyohi shifobakhsh ast. Abualii Sino tukhmi onro chun davoi bodron, kijjaron, ishtihoovar, qayband, peshobron, tapishi dil istifoda kardaast. Bino ba malumoti muallifi «Makhzanu-l-adviya» K. baroi muolijai ziqi nafas, tapishi dil mufid ast, ishtihoro mekushoyad, qayro bozmedorad, peshobro meronad. Istemoli doimii on bemorii medaro shifo mebakhshad. Dar tibbi khalqi jushobi tukhmi K.-ro hangomi sustii kori meda, isholi kudakon, kamkhuni, khunravii bachadon tavsiya medihand. Naqei bargu poyai taru tozai onro baroi muolijai sulfa, bemorii uzvhoi nafas, rakhit, zafi kori medavu ruda va chun omili peshobron istifoda mebarand.
Dar tibbi khalqii tojikon bo jushobi tukhmi K. gazak va zakhmi medavu rudaro muolija mekunand. Tukhmi onro («koravdoru») hamchun vositai taqviyatbakhshi organizm istifoda mebarand. Ba aqidai tabiboni khalqi istemoli K. akhloti badanro narm va raqiq megardonad, darunro mebandad, bukhori zararnoki az sar baroyandaro man mekunad. Agar onro mahin soida, chun surma ba chashm kashand, nuri chashmro tez megardonad. Vale agar onro az had ziyod ba chashm kashand, chashmro khira mekunad. Istemoli K. orug meovarad, ishtihoro mekushoyad, vayron shudani taomro dar meda va tursh gashtani onro dar in uzv man menamoyad; qay va dardi rudahoro davo meboshad, peshobro meronad, dardi mada va rudahoro taskin medihad, badanro quvvat mebakhshad va farbeh mekunad, kirmhoi ruda va medaro mekushad. Agar 10,5 g in ziraro bo 25 g ravgani zaytun har ruz to yak hafta bikhurand, istisqoro darmon meshavad. Dar obe, ki K. jushonda shuda boshad, zanho to nof daromada nishinand, dardhoi bachadonro daf mekunad. Tukhmashro sukhta, os karda guzoshta bandand, bavosirro khushk karda meaftonad. Dar amaliyai tibbi muosir bo tukhm, ravgan va obi K. sustii kori rudaho va khala darmon bakhshida meshavad.
Ad.: Kovaleva N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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