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QAROBODIN

zakoiQAROBODIN, aqrobodin, aqrabodin, aqrabozin, qarobozin, dar istilohi tib yak qism az ilmi dorushinosist, ki qonunu qoida, tariqai tahiya, anvo va baroi kadom bemoriho ba kor burdani doruhoi murakkabro meomuzad. Hamchunin kitobhoero, ki oid ba in soha talif shudaand, Q. menomand. Q. muarrabi yunonii «graphidion» buda, manoi lafziyash «risolai mukhtasar» ast. In lafz az tariqi zaboni suriyoni ba zabonhoi arabi va forsi intiqol yofta, mamul gashtaast. Mafhumi Q. dar tibbi imruza bo du istiloh ifoda yoftaast: «Pharmasopea» va «Formulairea». Avvalin Q.-e, ki dar sharqi islomi ba zaboni arabi talif shudaast, Q.-i tabibi eroni Sobur ibni Sahli Gundishopuri (vaf. 869) meboshad. Minbad Q.-hoi ziyode ba zabonhoi arabi va tojiki talif shudaand, mas., Q.-i ibni Tilmiz (vaf. 1165), Q.-i Badriddini Qalonasi (vaf. 1194), Q.-i Najibuddini Samarqandi (vaf. 1222), Q.-i Muhammadakbari Dehlavi(vaf. 1718), Q.-i kabiri Muhammadhusayni Murshidobodi, Q.-i azami Muhammadazami Rompuri (vaf. 1902) va g.
Ad.: «Abhosu-n-nadvati-l-olamiyati-l-ulo li tarikhi-l-ulum inda-l-arab», j. 1, Halab, 1977.

S. SHahobuddinov.

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