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KALMOCH

kalmochKALMOCH (Trichodesma incanum), yak nav rastanii bisyorsola. Balandiash to 110 sm. Poyai sershokhchayu bargi bayzashakl yo neshtarshakli darozruyai sermuyak (daroziash 2 – 10 sm, barash 1 – 3 sm), khushaguli tugshakl, guli nilgun yo safedi kabudtob, chormagzaki mudavvar yo bayzashakli dorchinii ashhab (daroziash 6,5 – 9 mm) dorad. May-okt. gulu meva mekunad. Dar jumhuri hamchun alafi begona dar kishtzor, kanori roh va nishebii kuhu domanakuhho mesabzad. Galladonae, ki az tukhmi K. iflos shudaast, baroi odam va hayvon khele khavfnok ast. Bargu poyai K. 0,2 – 2,5%, gunchaash 0,57%, gulash 0,36%, reshaash 0,2 – 0,96%, tukhmash 1 – 3,5% alkaloidhoi zahrnok (trikhodesmin, inkanin va g.) dorad. Az bargi K. peshtar rangi dorchini va bur tayyor mekardand.
Ad.: Korotkova E. E., Trokhodesma sedaya – yadovitiy sornyak, Tashkent, 1953; Sadikov YU. D., Hodjimatov M., Alkaloidi trikhodesmi sedoy – Trichodesma incanum, «Dokladi AN Tadjikskoy SSR», 1979, № 4.

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