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KADU

kaduKADU (Cucurbita maxima; C. moschata), rastaniest yaksola; ziroati mamul. Palakash daroz, bargash sodai yaklukht yo panjashakl, gulash kalon, zard, noranji, samarash kalon va shaklan gunogun. Az K. taomhoi laziz mepazand. Dar tarkibi on qand, ohar, moddahoi pektini, safeda, namakhoi minerali (bakhusus fosfor, ohan), vitaminhoi S, V1, V2, RR mavjudand. Donai K. ravgan va safeda dorad.
Bino ba navishtai Abualii Sino tabiati K. khunuk va tar ast. u K.-ro baroi medai navrasonu javonon ziyonovar mehisobad. Jushobi K. davoi surfa va dardi sina ast. Afshurai bo ravgani guli sadbarg omekhtai K. dardi gushro taskin mebakhshad, baroi bemorihoi gulu mufid ast. K. shahvatro past mekunad.
Muvofiqi malumoti Muhammad Husayni SHerozi (a. 18) K. jismro sard karda ba on taqviyat mebakhshad, binobar in baroi odamoni mizojashon garm mufid ast. On qabziyatro raf mesozad, peshobro ronda rudaro muloim mekunad, zardparvin va tablarzai shadidro shifo mebakhshad. Istemoli K. bazan boisi khalai ruda megardad. Bo maqsadi bartaraf namudani tasiri nomatlubi K. ba on ilova namudani afshurai gurai angur, anor, sirko, bihi, sir, zanjabil, nano, zira va khardal mufid ast. Tabiboni qadim K.-ro baroi odamoni medaashon sard, yane baroi ashkhosi giriftori gastrit va zakhmi medavu rudai duvozdahangushta ziyonovar mehisobidand.
Tabiboni khalqi magzi dar ob pukhtai K.-ro baroi odamoni giriftori bemorihoi kamkhuni, zardparvin, sil, hangomi qabziyat, chun vositai peshobron hangomi varami jigar va gurda tavsiya medihand. Onho bo marhami magzi khomi K. jarohatu zakhmhoi sukhtai pustro tabobat mekunand, dogi kunjidak va garmicharo meravonand. Donai K. davoi khubi kijjaron ast.
Dar tibbi ilmi magzi K. ba sifati gizoi parhezi istifoda megardad. Bo donai on kirmhoro az organizm khorij mekunand. Magzi dar ob pukhtai K., makhsusan sharbati tozai on, kori rudaro beh mesozad, hangomi kolit va qabziyat mufid ast. K. kamgizo ast, binobar in istemoli onro baroi odamoni farbeh tavsiya medihand. K. peshobro meronad, az in ru baroi az organizm khorij sokhtani namakho musoidat mekunad. Binobar in istemoli on ba ashkhosi giriftori bemorihoi jigar, gurda va dilu ragho mufid ast.
Ba aqidai tabiboni khalqi istemoli K. baroi bemoroni qulinj (kolit) zarar dorad, zero khudi K. paydokunandai qulinj ast. K.-ro kufta yo taroshida ba peshi sar guzoshta bandand, bekhobiro daf mekunad, dardi sarro taskin mebakhshad. Bo obi K. gargara kunand dardi gulu shifo meyobad. Gushti K.-ro khushkonda chun ord mahin kufta, dar deg biryon karda bikhurand, darunro mebandad, fishori khunro past mekunad. Pusti khushki K.-ro kufta bikhurand, baroi bavosir va khunravii uzvhoi shikam davo ast. Magzi tukhmi K.-ro bikhurand, badanro farbeh megardonad, baroi dafi durushtii uzvhoi daruni sina, khunravi az shush, surfai garm, tashnagi, zakhmi ruda davo meshavad.
Ad.: Hikmati arsho (murattibon Kapranov V. A., Hoshimov R.), D., 1975; Nuraliev YU., Lekarstvennie rasteniya, D., 1988; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989; Zohidov H., Kanzi shifo, D., 1998.

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