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QADKASHII ODAM

kadkashii-odamQADKASHII ODAM, kalon shudani jasomadi umumii organizm yo boftayu uzvhoi judogonai on. Rushd (inkishof) khosiyati materiyai zinda buda, beshtar ba organizmi javon khos ast. Vale hama guna kalonshavii jasomadi badan qadkashi mahsub nameshavad. Mas., gunshavii charb boisi kalon shudani jussa gardad ham, vale rushdi organizm nest. Meyori rushd qad, vazn va darozii qismhoi gunoguni jussai odam meboshad.
Ba rushdi odam bisyor omilhoi daruni va beruni tasir merasonand. Ba omilhoi daruni – omilhoi genetiki (irsi) mansuband, ki onho ba boftaho bevosita yo tavassuti sistemai endokrini va asab tasir meorand. Omilhoi berunie, ki ba rushdu inkishofi bachagon asar dorand, inhoand: sharoiti zindagi, sifati khurok, bemoriho, mashguliyathoi varzishi va g.
Rushd se daraja – afzoish, oromi va tanazzul dorad. Darajai afzoishi rushd davrai batnii tifl va badi tavallud, taqriban to 20-solagiro darbar megirad. Rushdi zanon to 16 – 18-solagi, mardon to 18 – 20-solagi davom mekunad. Minbad on dar holati ustuvorii nisbi (oromi) qaror girifta, qadi odam bad az 50-solagi toraft (taqr. dar har 10 sol 1 sm) past meshavad. Past shudani qad dar natijai kutoh gashtani sutunmuhra (binobar kaj shudani on), kohishi chandirii tagoyaki girdai bayni muhraho va hamvor shudani onho ba vujud meoyad. Kudak dar solhoi avvali hayot khele qad kashida, minbad in surat sust megardad va dar davrai balogat az nav meafzoyad.
Dar bisyor davlatho dar tuli dahsolaho meyori miyonai qadi odamro baroi mardon 165 sm, baroi zanon 154 sm qabul karda budand. Vale binobar akseleratsiya in raqam solhoi okhir baroi mardon to ba 167 – 168 sm, baroi zanon 156 – 157 sm-ro tashkil medihad. Baroi bayoni sababi akseleratsiya nazariyahoi ziyode peshnihod shudaast, vale hej kadome az onho in hodisai murakkabi biologiro sharh doda nametavonad. Tagyiri sifati khurok, istemoli ziyodi safedayu ravganro sababi asosi mehisoband. Dar a. 19 va avv. a. 20 dar tamomi kishvarho afzudani Q.o. az on shahodat medihad, ki ehtimol akseleratsiya bo majmui omilhoi gunogune, ki dar tahriki rushdu inkishofi organizm (behtar shudani darajai zindagi, sifati khurok, kam gashtani bemori va g.) ishtirok mekunand, vobasta boshad.
Darozii qadi khalqhoi judogona ba hisobi miyona mumkin ast az hamdigar qadre farq kunad. Mas., qadi sokinoni mamlakathoi Skandinaviya nisbat ba qadi sokinoni Italiya yo Fransiya 10 – 15 sm balandtar ast.
Ba Q. o. gormoni sabzish, ki gipofiz judo mekunad, tasiri kalon merasonad. In gormon sintezi safedahoro metezonad, inchunin namakhoi fasfor, kalsiy va natriyro, ki baroi bunyodi ustukhon va dig. boftaho zarurand, dar organizm nigoh medorad. Gormoni mazkur to okhiri umr judo meshavad. Norasoii on dar sinni kudaki boisi az sabzish mondani organizm, yane pakanagi megardad, agar gormon barziyod judo shavad, gigantizm ruy doda, qadi odam ba 240 – 250 sm merasad. Dar surati dar odami kalonsol az etidol ziyod hosil shudani gormoni sabzish andozai angushtoni dastu po, panja, kafi po, bini, jogi poyon kalon meshavand (nig. Akromegaliya).

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Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

vitaminhoi-b1

Vitamin “V1”

Vitamin V1 (tiamin) dar organizm baroi mubodilai mutadili moddaho (khususan angishtobho yo karbogidratho) zarur ast. …