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Istifodai asbobhoi oshkhona

Sachoqchahoro hamrohi asbobhoi oshkhona istifoda mebarand. Az qadimulayyom ba miz sachoqcha dar shakli sekunja, kvadrat va gayra meguzorand. Onro ba tabaqchai khurd, ki dar tarafi rost (baroi taomi duyum) ast guzoshtan khub ast.

Hej goh sachoqcharo girdi gardan napechoned, yo onro ba girebon naguzored, ki in qoidahoi kuhnashuda meboshad. Sachoqcharo az takhash kushoda, ba rui zonu guzored. Bo on dast pok nakuned, baroi in sachoqchahoi qogazin mavjudand. Dastmoli qogaziro istifoda burda,  bad onro ba tabaqchai istifodaburdai khud guzored. Salfetkai matogiro az tarafi rosti tabaqchai istifodaburda meguzorand, agar tabaqcharo girifta boshand, ba tarafi khud takya karda guzored.

salfetka

Tarikhi paydoishi salfetka

Sachoqchaho (salfedka) – «sugiuttu» az kalimati fransavi girifta shuda, dastmolcha, kogazi muloim baroi pok kardani dastu lab hangomi taomkhuri yo bad az on ast. Onro rimiho az qadim istifoda meburdand.

Hozir ham sachoqchahoi qogazin va matogin vase istifoda burda meshavand. Dar vaqti orostani mizi idona muvofiqi qoida sachoqchahoi qanoti yakrangash bo dastarkhon nagz darzmol karda va kamtar krakhmal doda boshand.

Baroi on ki sachoqcha dar miz zebo namoyad qoidahoi tahkunii sachoqcharo az khud kardan lozim ast. Dar rasmi oroishi miz yak namudi tah kardani sachoqchaho nishon doda shudaast. SHumo metavoned bo khohishi khud dar soati kori amali yakchand namudi tahkunii sachoqchahoro bo hamrohii dugonahoton va muallimaton ijro namoed.

Qoidahoi tahkunii sachoqcharo az khud kuned

Qoidahoi zebo ba rui mizguzoriro omukhtan lozim ast. Sachoqchaho (salfetkaiho)_ tahkardaro ba nazdi asbobho yo ba rui tabaqchai qannodi meguzorand. Sachoqchahoi qogazin boz dar vaqti dodani masnuoti khamirini istifoda burda meshavand.

Namudi zebo va tartibi oroishi miz ishtirohoro mekushoyad va shirai medaro hosil mekunad, ki on ba hazmkunii taom madad merasonad.

 Savol v suporish

  1. Vazifai asbobhoi dar rui miz guzoshtaro gufta dihed.
  2. Ba rui miz guzoshtani asbobhoi kord, changak, qoshuqro amali nishon dihed.
  3. Agar dar kabineti tekhnologiya sharoit muhayo boshad oroishi dasturkhon va tarzi guzoshtani asbobho va sachoqchaho baroi shash nafar amali ijro namoed.
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