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IBTIDOI FAOLIYATI DINII MUHAMMAD /s/

Tarikh shahodat medihad, ki dar jazirai Arabiston sesadu shast qabilai umr ba Sar meburdand. Har qabila ba khud sardore dosht. Azoyoni sarvatmandi qabila, muvofiqi sarvat ba martabae sohib megardidand, shugli asosii onho chorvodori bud, ammo gohho az rohzani ham ruy namegardondand. Qabilahoe, ki tavonotar budand, charogohhoi digar qabilahoro zuran sohib meshudand yo chorvo1ni onhoro merabudand. In amalhoro sababi jangu khunreziho megashtand. Dar bayni qabilahoi arab, qimorbozi, sharobnushi rivoj dosht. Agar dar oila farzandi  avval dukhtar tavvalud meshud, meguftand, ki dukhtar ba oila badbakhti meovarad va bazan on tifli begunohro zinda ba gur mekardand.

xarita-arabho

Arabho budparast budand va har qabila buti khudro dosht, ba u ibotad mekardand. Buthoi hamai qabilaho dar khonai Kaba nigohdoshta meshudand. Mohi ramazon, ki mohi muqaddas hisob meshud, tamomi nizoho bayni qabilaho bas karda meshudand. In moh davrai ibodat donista meshud. Qabilaho buthoi khudro az Kaba megiriftandva dar nazdi onho sajda mekardand, ba onho qurboniho meovardand.

Muhmmad bisyor andeshaho mekard, ki chi tavr but, ki khudi odamon az sang yo chub metaroshidand, metavonad bo koru taqdiri odamon tasir rasonad. Vay mushohida mekard, hangome farzandonash yake pai digar vafot mekardand, Hadicha soatho ba but sajda karda zoriyu iltijo mekard, ki pisaronash dar Amon nigoh dorad. Ammo bo vujudi on har du pisarash nobud gardid. Muhammad ba budparastii zanash mone nameshud, ammo khudash ba onho etiqod nadosht.

Muhammad dar justujui haqiqat bud. Vay bo ahkomi dinhoi yahudiyonu masehiyon shinos shuda, onhoro tahlil menamud, ammo onho ham uro qone karda nametavonistand. Vay medonist, ki mardum az rohi rost berun shudandu zindagii manavii onho ba vositai butparasti az fasodu johiliyat najot nameyobad.

Muhammad har sol mohi ramazon ba gori Hiro rafta, dar on jo muddate monda, ba zikru ibodat mashgul megasht. Vaqte Muhammad chil-sola shud, monandi harsola ba gori Huro, ki dar nazdikii Makka voqe bud, baroi ibodat raft. YAk shab, ki dar gor khobida bud, farishtae peshi vay omad va guft: “Ba nomi parvardigori tu, ki insonro ofaridu ba u chizhoero omukht, ki namedonist. Ey Muhammad, tu rasuli khudoi va man ham farishtai u Jabrail”. Muhammad az khob tarsida bedor shud, kasero nadid, ammo sukhanhoe, ki dar khob shunida bud dar khotirai u naqsh basta budand.

U roh i khonaashro pesh girifta va hodisaro ba Hadicha hikoya kard. Zanash uro orom kardu khobonid va ba nazdi pisari amakash Varqa, ki odami donishmand bud, rafta voqearo naql kard. Varqa hikoyai Hadicharo shunida, guft, ki agar in tavr hodisa ruy doda boshad, pas Muhammad chun Muso paygambar ast. On farishta ba Muso ham nozil shuda bud. Pas, Muhammad paygambar astu sohibi shariatu qonun khohad gardid.

Pas az in hodisa vahy ba Paygambar /s/ muntazam nozil megasht va ba in tariq kitobi Quron faroham meomad va dini nav – dini islom tashakkul meyoft. Muhammad ba muqobili butparasti muborizaro ogoz kard. Vay mardumro davat mekard, ki ba khudoi yagona “Alloh taolo” imon biyorand, musulmon shavand, az parastishi butho dast kashand.

Muhammad mardumro ba pokizagi, khudotarsi va khushakhloqiyu korhoi nek davat mekard. Zino, odamkushi, duzdiyu goratgari, sharobnushiyu qimorboziro muvofiqi talaboti islom, man mekard.

In talabho ba mardum maqul bud va guruhe az onho dini islomro qabul kardand. Lekin baze mansabdoroni Makka az on metarsidand, ki agar hama in dinro qabul namoyand va tarafdori Muhammad shavand, onho az mansabu daromadhoi khud mahrum megardand. Az in khotir onho odamonro ba muqobili Muhammad barmeangekhtand. Onho ba Muhammad va payravoni u ba katl tahdid mekardand, onhoro tahqir mekardand.

Mansabdoroni Makka medonistand, ki Muhammad az avlodi mutabar ast va agar u ba qatl rasonida shavad, avlodi u baroi qasosgiri barmekhezad. Az chunin surat giriftani kor onho metarsidand.

Ammo payravoni sershumori Muhammad chunin amniyatro nadoshtand. In sabab shud, ki payravoni u, ki dini islomro qabul karda budand, ba Habashiston hichrat kunand. Tarikhshinoson menavisand, vaqte ki muhojiron ba Habash rasidand, podshohi Habashiston -Najoti az onho az din pursid, pisari amaki Muhammad Jafar chunin javob dod: “Mo dar zulmoti jahlu nodoni furu rafta buthoro parastish mekardem. Mo az havoyu havas payravi karda, gayr az zuri, pobandi hej qonune nabudem. Dar in miyona khudovand shakhsero az bayni mo barguzid, ki az qavmi most. Bar zammi in nasabash ham olist va az sababi sifathon naku, muddathost, ki mavridi qabuli omma buda, hama uro ikromu ehtirom menamoyand. In Paygambar ba mo omukht, ki khudoi yagonaro biparastem, hurufoti padaroni

khudro tark guem, az parastishi sanamho duri juem, az amoli bad biparhezem, sadoqatu dustiro peshai khud sozem, ahdu paymoni khudro vayron nakunem, padaru modarro modarro dorem girem hamsoya neki kunem, az dastdarozi ba nomusi zanon va khurdani moli yatimon khuddori namoem. U namozu ruzavu zakotro vojib kard. Mo hastem, ki nubuvvati uro tasdiq, va talimoti mazhabiyu akhloqie, ki az jonibi khudo ovardaast, hamaashro qabul kardem”.

Muhammad az tahdidhoi dushmanonash natarsida, targiboti oyathoi Quronroidoma medod.

Suporish va savolho

  1. Manoi vahi – ro sharh dihed?
  2. CHaro Muhammad khudro paygambar elon namud?
  3. CHaro mansabdoroni Makka az paygambarii Muhammad norozi budand va uro taqib mekardand?
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