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Faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON

Dar borai faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston  soli 2006, №3, mod. 155)

Bo Qarori Majlisi namoyandagoni Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 20-umi dekabri soli 2005, № 205 (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2005, № 12, moddai 729) qabul gardidaast.

Bo Qarori Majlisi millii Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston az 24-umi fevrali soli 2006, № 181 (Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, soli 2006, № 2, moddai 43) jonibdori gardidaast.

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Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi, iqtisodi va tashkilii tanzimi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni va usulhoi amali gardonidani onro bo maqsadi muhayyo sokhtani sharoit  baroi tamini talaboti aholi va iqtisodiyot ba khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni va rushdi minbadai on dar Jumhurii Tojikiston   muayyan menamoyad.

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda meshavand:

faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni–shakli makhsusgardonida-shudai faoliyat oid ba khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni meboshad, ki ekspeditor tavassuti shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti amali megardonad;

khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni– shakli khizmatrasoni oid ba tashkili rasonidani bor, ijroi amaliyothoi vobasta ba rasonidani bor muvofiqi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti meboshad;

ekspeditor – shakhsi voqei yo huquqi buda, khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioniro muvofiqi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti anjom medihad;

mizoj – shakhsoni voqei va huquqie, ki mutobiqi shartnomai bo ekspeditor bastashuda khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioniro  istifoda mebarand;

borintiqoldihanda –shakhsi voqei yo huquqie, ki vazifador ast borro ba joi tainshuda rasonad va onro ba borqabulkunanda yo namoyandai vay suporad;

terminal-majmui vositahoi tekhnikiyu muhandisie meboshad, ki baroi hamohangsozii kori namudhoi gunoguni naqliyot hangomi amalisozii intiqoli bor, amaliyothoi rasonidani bor va idorakunii on peshbini shudaast;

borkashonii intermodali– yak namudi borkashonii baynalmilali, ki on be ivazi zarf bo namudhoi gunoguni naqliyot intiqol dodani borro ifoda menamoyad;

sanadi umumii sugurta –  sanadest, ki muvofiqi sharthoi on hamai borhoi qabulshavanda va yo intiqolshavanda dar davomi vaqti muayyan va dar hajmi muayyan tahti masuliyati sugurtakunanda qaror dorad.

 

Moddai 2. Qonunguzori dar borai faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni

Qonunguzori dar borai faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni ba Konstitutsiyai (Sarqonuni)  Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii  Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki  Jumhurii Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad. 

Moddai 3. Maqsadi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni

Maqsadi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni az inho iborat ast:

-tamini sathi kafolatnoki sifati khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni ba shakhsoni voqei va huquqi;

-havasmandgardonii inkishofi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsionii milli bo maqsadi tamini faoliyati ustuvori kompleksi khojagii kishvar, voridshavii Tojikiston ba iqtisodiyoti jahoni ba haysi shariki barobarhuquq.

 Moddai 4. Vazifahoi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni

Vazifahoi asosii faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni az inho iboratand:

– tamini barobarii huququ masuliyati  shakhsoni voqei va huquqi hangomi amali gardonidani faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni;

-muhayyo kardani  sharoit baroi inkishofi sohibkori va   raqobati solim dar  sohai faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni;

– raqobatpazir gardondani tashkilothoi naqliyotiyu ekspeditsionii mahalli dar bozori baynalmilali;

-tashkil namudani fazoi yagonai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti dar sarosari qalamravi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar asosi talabot va meyori yagonai faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni;

-havasmandgardoni baroi jori kardani tekhnologiyahoi peshqadami khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni, borkashonii konteyneri va kontreyleri;

-tamini mutobiqsozi va hamgiroii  kori namudhoi mukhtalifi naqliyot, pesh az hama dar markazhoi umumishabakavii naqliyoti;

-muhayyo namudani sharoit baroi tashkili borkashonii mustaqimi omekhta, inkishofi intiqoli intermodali dar guzargohhoi baynalmilalii naqliyoti;

-ziyod namudani nomgui khizmatrasoni va behtar kardani sifati khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni ba mizojon;

-baroi mizojon muhayyo namudani sharoiti intikhobi ozodi ekspeditor va inchunin ba ekspeditor muhayyo namudani sharoit baroi intikhobi ozodi borintiqoldihanda;

-tamini bekhatarii faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni dar asosi jori kardani meyori yagonai standartho va sistemai sertifikatsiyakunoni.

 

Moddai 5. Akkreditatsiyai davlatii faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni

Akkreditatsiyai davlatii faoliyati tashkilothoi naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni az tarafi maqomi vakolatdor bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston guzaronida meshavad.

 

Moddai 6. Sertifikatsiyai faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni

Vositahoi naqliyot, terminalho va digar juzhoi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni va hamchunin khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni sertifikatsiya  karda meshavand.

Inshoothoi tashkilothoi naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni va khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston sertifikatsiya karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 7. Qoidahoi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni

  1. Qoidahoi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioniro maqomi vakolatdori  Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston tasdiq menamoyad.
  2. Dar qoidahoi faoliyati naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni talaboti zerin muayyan karda meshavand:

– ruykhati hujjathoi ekspeditor (hujjathoe, ki basta shudani shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyotiro tasdiq mekunand);

– talabot nisbati sifati khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni;

– tartibi khizmatrasonii naqliyotiyu ekspeditsioni.

 

Moddai 8. Huquqhoi ekspeditor va mizoj

  1. Ekspeditor huquq dorad bori dar ikhtiyorash budaro to pardokhtani muzd va jubroni mablagi ba manfiati mizoj kharjkardaash yo to zamoni    uhdadoriashro oid ba pardokhti muzd va jubroni kharojot ba tavri boyadu shoyad   ijro kardani mizoj bozdorad. Dar in holat mizoj kharojoti nigoh doshtani amvolro niz mepardozad. Javobgarii bore, ki binobar dar mavridhoi peshbininamudai hamin qism baroi onro nigoh doshtan ekspeditor  zarar didaast, ba zimmai mizoj ast.
  2. .Ekspeditor metavonad to peshnihod kardani hujjathoi zaruri, az jumla malumot  dar borai khususiyathoi bor, dar borai sharthoi hamlu naqli on va digar malumote, ki ba ekspeditor baroi ijroi vazifahoyash zarurand, ba ijroi uhdadorihoi peshbininamudai shartnomai   ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti shuru nakunad.

Ekspeditor hamchunin huquq dorad durustii hujjathoi zaruri va   malumoti peshnihodkardai mizojro dar borai khususiyati bor, sharthoi hamlu naqli on va digar malumoti baroi ijroi vazifahoyash zarurro, ki dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti peshbini gardidaast, taftish namoyad.

  1. Agar dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti tartibi digar peshbini nashuda boshad, ekspeditor metavonad bo nazardoshti manfiati mizoj namudi naqliyot, khatti sayri borkashoni, navbati borkashoniro bo navhoi gunoguni naqliyot intikhob namoyad yo tagyir dihad. Dar in mavrid ekspeditor vazifador ast,ki mizojro bo tartibi muayyankardai shartnoma az tagyiroti dar qismi 6 moddai mazkur  zikrshuda favran ogoh gardonad.
  2. Ekspeditor huquq dorad dar holathoi zerin bo nazardoshti manfiati mizoj az rioyai dasturi u dast kashad:

– agar   dar holathoi ba u novobasta rozigii mizojro dar borai rioya nakardani tartiboti muayyankardai shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti peshaki napursida boshad  yo khud dar davomi yak shabonaruz javobi darkhostashro girifta natavonista boshad;

– agar dasturhoi mizoj nosaheh yo khud ba shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti nomuvofiq boshand va ekspeditor dar holathoi ba vay novobasta imkoniyati aniq kardani dasturi mizojro nadoshta boshad.

  1. Ekspeditor  huquq nadorad az nomi mizoj, agar in dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti  peshbini nashuda boshad, dar borai sugurtai bor shartnoma bandad.
  2. Mizoj huquq dorad, ki:

– khatti sayri borkashoni va navi naqliyotro intikhob namoyad;

– az ekspeditor, agar in dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti peshbini shuda boshad, peshnihod kardani  malumotro dar borai rafti borkashoni talab kunad;

– ba ekspeditor muvofiqi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti dastur dihad.

 

Moddai 9. uhdadorihoi ekspeditor

Ekspeditor uhdador ast:

– mutobiqi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti khizmat rasonad;

– oid ba rioya nakardani dasturi mizoj va yo dar davomi yak shabonaruz nagiriftani javobi  darkhostash mizojro az rioya nashudani dasturash  bo tartibi muayyankardai shartnoma ogoh namoyad;

– ba mizoj hujjati ekspeditori va hamchunin nuskhahoi asli shartnomahoero dihad, ki mutobiqi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti az nomi  mizoj  dar asosi vakolatnomai u bastaast.

 

Moddai 10. uhdadorihoi  mizoj

Mizoj uhdador ast:

– ba ekspeditor baroi ijroi uhdadorihoi dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti peshbinigardidai u, ki jihati nazorati gumruki, sanitari va digar namudhoi nazorati davlati zarurand, dar borai khususiyathoi bor, sharthoi hamlu naqli on malumoti purra, aniq va durust peshnihod namoyad;

– ba ekspeditor az rui tartibi peshbininamudai shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti muzd dihad va hamchunin kharojoti ba manfiati mizoj kardai uro jubron namoyad.

 

Moddai 11. Asoshoi umumii javobgari

  1. Ekspeditor va mizoj baroi ijro nakardan yo nomatlub ijro kardani vazifahoi peshbininamudai shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti va Qonuni mazkur  dar asosi bobi 24 Kodeksi grajdanii Jumhurii Tojikiston va ba andozai muayyankardai on javobgarand.
  2. Dar borkashonii ravobiti baynalmilali haddi javobgarii ekspeditor baroi ijro nakardan yo nomatlub ijro kardani uhdadorihoi peshbininamudai shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti az 666,7 (haddi javobgarii ekspeditor baroi ijro nakardani shartnoma az hisobi 1000 vohidi sharti) vohidi hisobkunii yak joy yo vohidi digari borbardori, ba istisnoi javobgarii ekspeditor, ki dar qismi 2 moddai 14 hamin Qonun peshbini shudaast, ziyod buda nametavonad.
  3. Baroi maqsadhoi Qonuni mazkur hangomi khizmatrasonii ekspeditsionie, ki bo borkashonii ravobiti baynalmilali aloqamand ast, tahti mafhumi vohidi hisobkuni vohidi huquqi makhsusi iqtibosii muayyankardai Fondi baynalmilalii asor hisobida meshavad. Arzishi asori milli dar vohidhoi huquqi makhsusi iqtibosi az rui tarzu usuli muayyan namudani arzishe, ki Fondi baynalmilalii asor ba sanai dakhldor baroi ahdho va muomiloti khud tatbiq menamoyad, hisob karda meshavad. Arzishi asori milli dar ruzi qabul gardidani qarori sud yo dar ruzi muqarrarnamudai sozishnomai tarafho ba arzishi vohidhoi huquqi makhsusi iqtibosi mutobiq  gardonida meshavad.
  4. Agar ekspeditor isbot karda natavonad, ki bori baroi ekspeditsiyashavi qabul karda giriftaash ba sababi amal yo beamalii u qasdan va yo binobar beehtiyotii dagalona gum yo kamomad shudaast va yo zarar didaast (vayron shudaast), qoidahoi mahdudkunii javobgari, ki dar qismi 2 hamin modda va qismi 2 moddai 12 Qonuni mazkur peshbini gardidaand, tatbiq karda nameshavand.
  5. Dar surati yaktarafa dast kashidan az ijroi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti mizoj yo ekspeditor ba jonibi digar tovoni zarari bekor kardani shartnomaro medihad va ba andozai muqarrarnamudai shartnoma  jarima mesuporad.

 

Moddai 12. Asos va andozai javobgarii ekspeditor dar nazdi mizoj baroi gum shudan, kamomad yo zarar didani (vayron shudani) bor

  1. Ekspeditor dar nazdi mizoj baroi gum shudan, kamomad yo zarar didani (vayron shudani) bor dar asosi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti ba andozai zerin javobgar meboshad:

– bo zikri qimati on hangomi gum shudan yo kamomadi bor- ba andozai qimati zikrshuda yo yak qismi qimati zikrgardida mutanosibi qismi kamomadi bor;

– be zikri qimati on hangomi gum shudan yo kamomadi bor – ba andozai qimati voqeii bo hujjat tasdiqshudai bor yo qismi kamomadi on;

– bo zikri qimati on hangomi zarar didani (vayron shudani) bor- ba andozai past furomadani qimati zikrshuda va dar surati nabudani imkoniyati barqaror kardani bori zarardida, ba andozai qimati zikrshuda;

– be zikri qimati on hangomi zarar didani (vayron shudani) bor – ba andozai past furomadani qimati voqeii bo hujjat tasdiqshudai bor va dar surati nabudani imkoniyati barqaror kardani bori zarardida ba andozai  qimati voqeii bo hujjat tasdiqshudai bor.

Ekspeditor muzdi peshpardokhtai mizojro, ki ba qimati bor dokhil nashudaast, mutanosibi qimati bori gumshuda, kamomad yo zarardida (vayronshuda) tibqi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti barmegardonad, hamchunin  dar barobari jubroni zarari voqei ba mizoj ba andozai muqarrarnamudai hamin modda tovoni foidai az dastraftaro medihad.

  1. Hangomi khizmatrasonii ekspeditsioni, ki bo borkashonii ravobiti baynalmilali  aloqamand ast, andozai javobgarii zerin muayayn karda meshavad:

– javobgarii ekspeditor baroi  har kilogrammi vazni umumii bori gumshuda, kamomad yo zarardida (vayronshuda), az du vohidi hisobkuni (vohidi huquqi makhsusi iqtibosii muayaynkardai Fondi baynalmilalii asor) ziyodtar buda nametavonad;

– foidai az dastrafta purra, vale na beshtar az andozai javobgarii muqarrarnamudai Qonuni mazkur jubron karda meshavad.

  1. Arzishi voqeii bo hujjat tasdiqshudai bor bo narkhe muayyan karda meshavad, ki dar shartnoma yo surathisobi furushanda zikr yoftaast va dar surati nabudani in guna narkh on bo narkhi miyonai hamin guna moli dar on jo mavjudbuda, ki bor boyad dar ruzi qonegardonii ikhtiyorii chunin talab yo, agar talab ikhtiyoran qone gardonida nashuda boshad, dar ruzi qabul gardidani qarori sud doda meshud, muayyan karda meshavad.
  2. Badi si ruzi guzashtani muhlati borrasoni, ki dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti muayyan karda shudaast va yo agar chunin muhlat dar shartnoma muayyan karda nashuda boshad, dar davomi muhlati maquli baroi rasonidani bor zaruri va az ruzi baroi hamlu naql borro qabul karda giriftani ekspeditor gumshuda hisob meyobad. Agar ekspeditor mizojro az tartibi muayyannamudai shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti sari vaqt ogoh gardonida boshad, bore, ki rasonida shudaast, vale ba ikhtiyori borgirandai dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti zikrgardida yo ba shakhsi vakolatdori u ba sababi napardokhtani muzdi ekspeditor supurda nashudaast, gumshuda hisob nameyobad.

 

Moddai 13. Ogoh kardan az gum shudan, kamomad yo zarar didani  (vayron shudani) bor

  1. Borgirandai dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti zikrshuda yo shakhsi vakolatdori u ekspeditorro  az gum shudan, kamomad yo zarar didani (vayron shudani) bor khatti ogoh menamoyad.
  2. Dar surati bo usuli mamuli qabul karda giriftani bor, agar muqarrar namudani gum shudan, kamomad yo zarar didani (vayron shudani) onro muayyankardan imkonnopazir boshad, ekspeditor  na dertar az si ruzi taqvimii qabul karda giriftani bor ogoh karda meshavad. Ruzi chunin ogohnomaro giriftani ekspeditor ruzi ogoh gashtani u hisobida meshavad.

 

Moddai 14. Asos va haddi javobgarii ekspeditor  baroi vayron kardani muhlati ijroi uhdadori az rui  shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti

  1. Ekspeditor zararero, ki ba mizoj baroi vayron kardani muhlati ijroi uhdadorii shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti rasidaast, ba istisnoi holathoi rafnopazir, jubron mekunad.
  2. Baroi rioya nashudani muhlati ijroi uhdadorii shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti, ekspeditor ba mizoj baroi har shabonaruz (zimnan shabonaruzhoi nopurra hamchun shabonaruzhoi purra hisob meshavand) yo soati (agar muhlat bo soat zikr shuda boshad) guzaronidani muhlat ba andozai muqarrarnamudai shartnoma, vale na ziyodtar az hashtod foizi muzdi (khizmatonai) ekspeditor noustuvorona (jarima) mesuporad va hamchunin agar bar asari quvvai rafnopazir yo bo aybi mizoj rioya nashudani muhlati ijroi uhdadorii shartnomaviro isbot karda natavonad, zarari az in ba mizoj rasidaro jubron menamoyad.

 

Moddai 15. Asos va haddi javobgarii mizoj dar nazdi  ekspeditor

  1. Mizoj dar nazdi ekspeditor dar holathoi zerin javobgar meboshad:

– baroi zarare, ki binobar ijro nashudani uhdadori oid ba peshnihodi malumoti dar Qonuni mazkur zikryofta ba ekspeditor rasidaast;

– baroi dast kashidan az pardokhti  kharojoti ekspeditor ba maqsadi ijroi vazifahoi peshbininamudai shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti va suporidani jarima ba andozai muqarrarnamudai shartnoma.

  1. Mizoj baroi sari vaqt napardokhtani khizmatonai ekspeditor va der jubron kardani kharojote, ki ekspeditor ba nafi mizoj kardaast,   baroi har ruzi guzarondani muhlati pardokht ba andozai muqarrarnamudai shartnoma, vale na beshtar az khizmatonai  ekspeditor va kharojoti ba manfiati mizoj kardai u noustuvorona mesuporad.

 

Moddai 16. Iddao  va davo

Hangomi vayron shudani sharthoi shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti tarafho huquqi peshnihod namudani iddao va davoro tibqi qonunguzorii  Jumhurii Tojikiston dorand.

 

Moddai 17. Sugurta kardan

Hizmatrasoniro oid ba bastani shartnomai sugurtai bor ekspeditor amali mekunad, agar on bevosita dar shartnomai ekspeditsiyai naqliyoti peshbini shuda boshad.

Ekspeditore, ki sanadi umumii sugurta dorad, baroi ba rasmiyat darovardani shartnomai sugurta baroi har yak guruhi borho uhdador nameboshad.

 

Moddai 18. Javobgari baroi vayron kardani Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi, ki talaboti Qonuni mazkurro vayron mekunand, tibqi qonunguzorii  Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 19. Tartibi  mavridi amal qaror  dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas  az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

Prezidenti Jumhurii Tojikiston                       E.Rahmonov

             sh. Dushanbe  3 marti soli 2006

             №165

 

 

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