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DASTGOHI HARORAT

termometrDASTGOHI HARORAT, dastgohe, ki harorati havoi khonaro dar fasli khunuki sol ba darajai mutadil nigoh medorad. Ahamiyati in khele ziyod ast, zero garmi yo khunukii az had ziyodi khona metavonad muvozanati harorati organizmro khalaldor sozad. Dar khonai havoyash sard, odam garmiro bisyor talaf doda, khunuk mekhurad va in holat ba paydoishi amrozi gunogun sabab meshavad. Agar havoi khona bisyor garm boshad, ikhroji garmii organizm mushkil shuda, dar natija mubodilai garmi khalal meyobad, sar dard karda, qobiliyati kori past megardad. Nami va harorati havo ham ba kayfiyati odam tasir merasonand. Baroi garm kardani binoho az D. h.-i markazi yo juzi istifoda mebarand. Ba sifati noqili garmi ob, bug va havo kor farmuda meshavad.
Az D. h.- i juzi bukhori (pechka) mamul ast, ki baroi on suzishvorii sakht (hezum, angisht, torf) istifoda meshavad. CHunin usuli garm kardani khona dar dehot mamul ast. Dar sistemahoi D. h.-i markazi az jihati behdosht garmidihi tavassuti obi fishorash past afzal donista meshavad.
Talaboti asosii gigieni ba D. h., sarfi nazar az sistemai on, dar bino ba vujud ovardani mikroiqlimi musoid (mas., haror. 18 – 22°C., namnokii nisbii havo 30 – 60%, surati harakati havo 0,1 – 0,3 m/ son.) va doimiyati betagyiri harorati dokhili meboshad. Dar davomi shaboruz tagyiri harorat dar khonae, ki tavassuti bukhori garm meshavad, to 6°C va agar az D. h. markazi garm shavad, to 3°C qobili qabul ast. Farqi harorat az tireza to devori muqobil boyad 2°C va dar har metr az 1°C ziyod naboshad. Baroi ba dokhili bino vorid shudani mahsuli zararnoki suzish va az suzishvoriyu khokistar oluda shudani khona roh naboyad dod. Hangomi nasbi D. h. tarzi rubuchin va toza kardani onro peshbini boyad namud.

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