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AMINHOI BIOGENi

aminhoi_biogeni1AMINHOI BIOGENi, guruhi payvasthoi organikii nitrogendor, ki dar organizm bo rohi dekarboksilonii aminokislotaho, yane az molekulai onho judo shudani guruhi karboksil – SOON, hosil meshavand. Baroi organizm aminospirthoe, ki dar tarkibashon boqimondai pirokatekhin (1,2 – digidroksibenzol, katekhol) mavjud ast (katekholaminho), ahamiyati kalon dorand. Katekholaminho (dofamin, noradrenalin, adrenalin) dar natijai mubodilai moddaho hosil meshavand. Baze moddahoi faoli biologii tabii va suni, ki chun doru mavridi istifoda qaror megirand, shabehi katekholaminho meboshand (mas., efedrin, mezatin).
A. b., mas., gistamin, serotonin, noradrenalin, adrenalin, tiramin va g. ba ravandi bozdori va angezish, ki dar qishri magzi sar rukh menamoyad, tasir merasonand. Baze A. b. dar rudai gafs zeri tasiri bakteriyahoi fasodzo hosil gashta, baroi organizm zahrnok meboshand. Dar organizm A. b. bo unsurhoi biokhimiyavii hujayra payvast meshavand. Ba ravandi mazkur kislotahoi adenozinfosfat, nukleinat va karbogidrathoi kalonmolekula (mas. geparin) tasiri musbat merasonand. A. b. dar hujayraho dar holati payvast duchor meoyand; onho faol nestand va zeri tasiri fermenti aminoksidaza qaror namegirand.

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