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Vazni ziyodati hangomi homiladori

Muammoi vazni ziyodati hangomi homiladori aksariyati modaroni oyandaro ba tashvish meorad. Binobar in, mo tasmim giriftem, ki dubora ba sari in mavzui mubram bargardem va hamai tarshoi ba on vobastaro bartaraf namoem.

Ziyod kardani kaloriyanokii gizo

Hangomi homiladori aksariyat bo maslihati tabibon ba gizoi durust khurdan ogoz mekunand, va hatto bad az tavalludi kudak niz tarzi burdani hayoti solim, rejai ruz va nizomi gizogiriro rioya mekunand. Ba onho hatto muyassar meshavad, ki bo doshtani kilogrammhoi ziyod to homilador shudan, mutadilshavii vazn va salomatii khubro pas az tavalludi kudak ba dast orand. Ammo inro na hama ba dast ovarda metavonand.

vazni-zani-homiladorBeshtar zanho purson meshavand, ki tuli nuh moh chand kilogramm vazn giriftan mumkin ast. Ba in savol yagon javobi aniq doda nameshavad. Hamaash az vazni avvala to homilador shudan vobasta ast. Fikru andeshahoe hastand, ki hangomi homiladori ba joyi “du nafar” boyad khurok khurd. Aslan dar muddati yakum trimestr ba organizmi modari oyanda tuli yak shabonaruz tanho 100 kilokaloriya ziyodtar (in taqriban yak istakon shir yo afshura), dar muddati duyum va seyum trimestr (haftai homiladorii 28-40) – 300 kilokaloriya ziyodtar (banan yo yogurt) lozim ast.

Bino bar in, ilovashavii umumii vazn hangomi tamomi davrai homiladori boyad: dar zanhoi vaznashon mutadil va kam to homiladori taqriban 9-15 kg; dar onhoe, ki vazni ziyodati dorand 7-10 kg va hangomi farbehi na ziyoda az 5-6 kilogrammro tashkil dihad.

Hangomi toksikozi trimestri avvali homiladori beshtar tagyirotho dar vazni zan dida meshavad. Dar aval in gum shudani massai-vazni badan meboshad, ki pas az yakchand muhlat organizm kushish mekunad pur kunad va dar natija zan yakbora yakchand kilogramm vazn megirad. Bino bar in, tabib hangomi nazorati homilador ba vazni avvala tavajjuh medihad, na ba on vazne, ki pas az kharobshavii vobasta ba toksikoz ba amal omadaast.

Tavsiyaho baroi homiladoron

Besh az hama zanho purson meshavand, ki “Farbehshavi az chi ogoz meshavad?”. Albatta, onho mekhohand donand, ki chi tavr ziyodshavii vazni badanro peshgiri kardan mumkin ast. Dar asl in na on qadar dushvor ast, agar yakchand tavsiyahoero, ki onho imkoniyat medihand be yagon kushishi makhsus ilovashavii vazni ziyodatiro peshgiri kunand, rioya namoyand.

Pesh az hama, naqshi muhimro nahorii khub mebozad, ki az on bisyori zanho bo sababi toksikoz yo digar sababho dast mekashad. Ammo hangomi khobi shabona modaru kudak tuli muddati daroz be khurok budand va boyad in sarfahoi energiyaro pur kard. Gayr az in, hangomi az nahori dast kashidan, vaqti khuroki nisfiruzi bo sababi hissiyoti balandi gurusnagi ziyodtar khurok khurda meshavad, ki ba tahshinshavii kilogrammhoi ziyodati ovarda merasonad.

Modaroni oyanda boyad rejai muayyani ruz va naqshai peshaki tartibdodai gizogiriro rioya kunand. CHunone ki malum ast, hangomi homiladori yakbora paydoshavii hissiyoti gurusnagi dida meshavad. Bino bar in, pesh az khona baromadan hatman hamroh yagon chiz baroi khurdan, misoli tarmeva, non yo yogurti nushidani boyad girift.

Hej vaqt naboyad gizohoi fastfudro khurd, zero dar aksari onho charbuhoi zararrason mavjud ast, ki az organizm barovarda nameshavandu, baraks dar on jam meshavand. Ba sukhanoni kheshovandon daromada hissai ilovagii khurokro khurdan lozim nest, zero baroi homilador na miqdor, balki sifati gizoi khurdashavanda muhim ast.

Hamchunin faromush naboyad kard mahsulothoi “zararrason”-ro, ba misoli hasibhoi dudkhurda, namakkhurda, obi gaznokkardashuda, shiriniho, ki agar hatto dar ruykhati khurokho boshand ham, tanho dar miqdori kam. Afzaliyatro boyad ba mahsulothoi shiri, sabzavot va tarmeva, gushti obpaz va yarma dod. Vaqti shabona khurok khurdan tavsiya doda nameshavad. Ammo agar modari oyanda khele gurusna boshad, pas metavonad pesh az khob tarmeva yo tvorogi beravgan khurad.

Bazan homiladoron kushish mekunand, ki vazni khudro bo sakht parhez kunand, ruzhoi parhezi guzaronidan va hatto gurusna nishastan dar nazorat dorand. In korro kardan mumkin nest, zero hangomi norasogii payvastai gizo zan va kudaki u miqdori lozimai moddahoi gizodihandaro, ki baroi inkishofi kudak zarur ast, namegirand. Gayr az in, pas az gurusna nishastan zan ba rejai gizogirii khud barmegardad, ammo aknun organizmi u ba zakhira kardan dar namudi tahshinhoi charbu baroi “gurusnagii” navbati ogoz mekunad.

Faoliyati jismonii bomeyor, makhsusan rohgardi va shinokuni dar havzi shinovari, khele tasiri kalon dar muboriza bo ziyodshavii vazn dorand, ki agar dar holati narasidani zarar ba salomati ijro karda shavand.

Oqibathoi ilova shudani vazni ziyodati

Bazeho ba miqdori ilovashudai kilogrammhoi ilovagi dar vaqti homiladori tavajjuh namedihand, ammo vazni ziyodati metavonad na tanho ba khudi zan, balki ba kudaki oyandai u niz zarar rasonadu asosan ravandi tavalludro mushkil gardonad.

Umuman vazni ziyodati hangomi homiladori ba oqibathoi gunoguni manfi ovardanash mumkin ast. Misol, ba paydoshavii bemorii bavosir (gemorroy), ki khud noguvor ast, ki dar marhilai homiladori metavonad ba zan yak qator mushkilothoro ba vujud orad. Hamchunin metavonad ba balandshavii fishor ovarda rasonad, ki ba salomatii modari oyanda va ravandi homiladori ba tavri manfi tasir mekunad.

Vaseshavii raghoi khungard na tanho kambudii kosmetiki meboshad, balki metavonad azobhoi jismonii ehsosshavanda dihad. Paydoshavii dard dar sutunmuhra, khasta kardani hissi noguvori, ki hamai in ba holati ruhi tasir merasorad. Tangnafasi ba nafaskashii durust, bo oksigen tamin shudani hujayrahoi khun moneagi hosil mekunad va ba holati kudaki oyanda manfi tasir merasonad. Inchunin vayronshavii mubodilai moddaho, khususan, inkishofi diabeti qandi homiladoron ba vujud omadanash mumkin ast.

Gayr az on, kudaki zanhoe, ki vazni ziyodati dorand, beshtar kalon tavallud meshvand, ki in ravandi tavalludro mushkil megardonad. Tabibon-dietologon qonuniyatro qayd mekunand: agar zan hangomi homiladori vazni ziyodati yo az farbehi azob kashida boshad, pas ehtimoli on, ki kudak niz chunin khususiyathoro sohib megardad, baland meshavad.

Mahdudiyathoi zaruri pesh az tavallud

CHande az modaroni oyanda chunin mehisoband, ki dar marhilai ba kudak khurok dodan onho boyad az bisyori mahsulotho dast kashand, az in ru, to vaqti tavallud khudro dar istemoli mahsulothoi gunogun, hatto dar miqdorhoi ziyod, ki ba organizm mufid nestand, mahdud namekunand. Ammo az khotir naboyad faromush kard, ki dar haftahoi okhiri homiladori chunin kharji quvva ba misli peshtara dida nameshavad. Bino bar in, yak moh pesh az sanai takhminii tavallud behtar ast, agar ba istemoli gizoi khubhazmshavanda ogoz kardan tavsiya doda meshavad. Ohista safedahoi chorvoro (tukhm, mohi, gusht) ba ozuqavorii sabzavoti (sabzavoti dudkardashuda, mahsulothoi shiri va galladonagiho) ivaz kardan zarur ast.

Hurishhoi sabzavoti bo ravgani rastani yo zaytun foidai kalon dorand, ki holati boftaho va raghoro az hisobi dar ravgan majud budani vitamini E, behtar megardad. Tavsiya doda meshavad, ki 3-4 hafta pesh az tavallud az istemoli shokolad va mevahoi sitrusi dast kashand, zero in mahsulotho metavonand dar kudak allergiya paydo kunonand.

Odatan modaroni javonro ilovashavii vazni ziyodati, ki pas az tavallud bartaraf nameshavad, nigaron mekunad. Gayr az vazni khudi kudak, hamroh (plasenta), moeho, miqdori ziyodshavandai khun, tabiat inchunin zakhirai charburo, ki baroi gizodihi ba kudak zarur ast, peshbini kardaast. Bino bar in, ba misli peshtara shudani qadu qomat umedvor shuda nameshavad.

Baroi purra bargardonidani andozahoi peshtara be rasonidani zarar ba salomati, ba zan boz hamon nuh moh lozim ast. Bo vujudi in, bo rioya kardani rejai mutavozuni gizogiri va faoliyati jismonii kifoya bazan teztar andozahoi peshtararo bargardonidan mumkin ast. Ammo dar in hangom naboyad ba yagon parhez va gurusnagi dast zad, zero in usulhoi nihoi metavonad tanho ziyoni khudro ham ba modar va ham ba kudaki u rasonand.

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