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USULHOI TAHQIQI ILMI GEOGRAFIYA

Usulhoi tahqiqi ilmi geografiya – Ahamiyati tahqiqoti geografi

Hangomi omuzishi hodisahoi tabii, har yak ilm dar asosi khususiyoti khud usulhoi gunoguni makhsusro istifoda mebarad. Dar ilmi fizika va khimiya beshtar az usulhoi ozmoish va tajriba istifoda mebarand. Dar ilmi geografiya boshad ba tavri vase az: kharita, atlas (majmui kharitaho), kitobhoi darsi, adabiyoti ilmy-ommavi, malumotnomaho, asarhoi badey, akshoi kayhony va havoy is­tifoda mebarand va dar asosi onho malumoti darkoriro ba dast meorand. Ilmi geografiya hangomi tahqiqi ravandho va havodisy jugrofiyoy usulhoi zerinro istifoda mebarad: usuli kartografy, tarikhy, statistiky, muqoisai jugrofiyoy, iqtisodi-riyozy (matematiki), masofay, usuli tarhsozii jugrofiyoy, nohiyasozy, tahqiqotho va mushohidahoi sahroy, usuli peshguii jugrofiyoy va g.

Usuli kartografy imkon medihad malumoti vasero oidi andoza, hajm va dar sathi zamin, joygirshavii obekthoi gunoguni jugrofiyoiro kasb kunand. Bo istifoda az usuli tarikhy mo metavonem tarikhi paydoishi Zaminro dark kunem.

Usuli omori oidikishvarho, khalqho, balandii obekthoi tabii, maydonho va hajmi sarzaminho, chuqurii bahrho va uqyonusho malumoti mufassal medihad. In usul inchunin imkon medihad digar malumothoro niz, ki dar tahqiqothoi oyandai jugrofi yo mavridi istifodai vase qaror megirand ba dast ovard.

Tarhsozii geografy boshad, baroi tartib dodani tarhhoi obekthoi guno­guni tabii zarury meboshad. Misoli usuli mazkur tarhi Zamin – globus ba shu- mor meravad. Ilmi jugrofiyo na tanho bo jambandy va tasviri ravandhoi tabii dar Zamin mashgul ast, balki ravandho va havodisy dar tabiat va ijtimo jarayon doshtaro peshgui mequnad

Savol va suporishho

Begoh pesh az gurubi oftob ba kucha baromada, gurubi Oftobro mushohida kuned. Dar in mushohida ba rangi osmon diqqat dihed va badan mushohidahoi hudro dar daftari chugrofi qayd kuned.

Begoh badi gurubi oftob ba sitorahoi osmon diqqat dihed. Kadom sitora dar osmon az hama tobon meboshad va on dar kujo joygir gardidaast. In malumotro niz dar daftaraton qayd kuned.

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