Home / Madaniyat va Sanat / SHAHRI KULOB (Nohiyai Kulob)

SHAHRI KULOB (Nohiyai Kulob)

Kulob yak nohiyai kalon va dar on zamon shahr bo aholii ziyoda az 200 hazor nafar dar qismati janubi Jumhurii Tojikiston dar hududi nohiyai Kulob voqe ast. Dar zaboni modari nomi shahr “Kulob” nomida meshavad va dar zaboni rusi “Ozero” meboshad. SHahr dar daryoi YAkhsu dar balandii 580 metr dar sathi bahr joygir ast. Rohhoi jugrofii shahr 37,54,56 shimol va shimoli sharqii 69.46.53 metrro tashkil medihad.

kulob-shar

Masohati umumii shahri Kulob 272,9 km² va dar soli 1934 tasis yoftaast. SHahri Kulob doroi tarikhi hazorsolai tarikhi meboshad, ki on 2700 solagii on dar soli 2006 dar sathi oli surat girift. Tavsifi tarikhi dar shahr dar asri duvum navisht, ki dar on jo shohidi on ast, ki dar nazdikii rohi abreshim joygir ast. Hamchunin voqeahoi tarikhi, ki dar shahri Kulob soli 691 tasis yoftaand, vujud dorand. Dar shahri Kulob qismati qismhoi poygohi nizomii 201-umi Rusiya joygir shudaand: 859-yumi brigadahoi avtomobilgardi CHenstakhovskiy Krasnoznamëniy ordeni sitorai surkh batalën, 729-yumi judoikhohoni khudpushi mustaqil, shirkati alohidai tibbi 30-toash, ki az ogozi soli 2016 bozdoshta meshavad.

Masofa az poytakhti Tojikiston ba shahri Kulob dar rohi rost 110 km ast, vale bo  rohi avtomobilgard dar  masofai 170 kilometr. Ba Kulob niz metavonad bo havopaymo az Moskva va digar shahrhoi jahon omad, ki shakli alternativii naqliët ast. Bilethoi havopaymo ba Kulob metavonand az Internet kharidori karda shavand. Garchande ki shahri Kulob doroi khatti rohi ohan ast, dar solhoi okhir istifoda nashudast. SHahri Kulob zebost, va sokinoni shahr bo iftikhor dar borai on, ki dar shahri onho – qalahoi Hazrati Amirjon (Mir Said Alii Hamadoni) joygirand.

Harita

Nizomi millii Kulob asosan az 70% -i tojikon iborat buda, uzbekho 28% -ro tashkil medihand. Qarib nisfi aholii nohiyai Kulob dar shahr va dar digar dehaho zindagi mekunand. Zaboni asosii muoshirati sokinoni shahr tojiki ast, vale dar yak talafuzi mukhtalif (Kulobi). Tanho chize, ki sokinoni Kulob bo muqoisai sokinoni mintaqahoi digari kishvar on  qadar korgar nestand, vale mahorati ziëdi saroyandagi dorand va rushdi  musiqii tojik khele muhim ast.

Saroyandahoi marufi Kulob Jamshed Ismoilov, SHabnami Suraë, Sangali Mirzoev, Gulrez Tabarova va digaron meboshand. Az zamonhoi qadim, Kulob az yak davlat ba digarash, az jumla yake az arabho, Makedoniyaho, Muguliston va rusho galaba kard. Nihoyat, bad az ba dast ovardani istiqloliyati Tojikiston, Kulob bori digar nomi tarikhii khudro ba dast ovard. Soli 1934 Kulob maqomi shahriro girift va dar soli 1956 yak rohi ohani tilloi ba shahri Kulob bo Dushanbe va Moskva payvast shud.

Joyhoi mashhuri shahr chunin yodgorihoi tarikhi va farhangi, ba monandi: maqbarai Mir Said Alii Hamadoni, maqbarai Tillo Haloji maqbarai Hoja Durbod, maqbarai-madrasai Hoja Mashhad, Qalai Jahon Takhti Sangin (Kameniy tron), shahraki Kofirqala shohidi dalelhoi  tarikhii shahri azamat meboshand .

Iqtisodiëti  Kulob zaif ast, zero on kambudii korkhonahoi kaloni sanoati dorad va manbai asosii daromadi sokinon voridoti mablaghoi intiqoli, ki az digar kishvarho bo sababi ba muhojirati mehnati meboshad.

Jugrofiyai Kulob:  Mavqei mintaqai Kulob vobasta ba joygirshavii on dar mintaqai kontinentali khele sard ast va tobiston garm ast. Harorati havo dar tobiston to + 45 daraja garm va dar zimiston to ba -25 daraja khunuk meshavad. Borishot odatan dar yak sol az 350 millimetr to 500 millimetr meboshad.   Nohiyai Kulob dar nazdikii  Hazrati SHoh dar bayni nohiyahoi Vose – az garb, Hamadani – az janub, Muminobod az sharq va Hovaling az shimol joygir ast.

Nohiyai Kulob ba 4 shahraki kalon taqsim karda shudaast, az jumla: shahraki Kulob, ki dar on 16 hazor nafar aholi zindagi mekunand, sokini Dahana bo aholii qarib 27 hazor, dehai Zarbdor bo shumorai aholii 20 hazor nafar va Ziraki bo aholii 28 hazor, ki jamoatho nom dorand. Aksar vaqt dar 3-5 sol dar Kulob borishoti sakhti seli meborad, ki sadho khonaho, maydonho, odamon va hayvonotro nobud mekunand.  Mintaqai Kulob umuman baroi parvarishi mevavu sabzavot mutobiq ast, chunki aksari hududi shahr zaminhoi obi meboshad.

 

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

kitobi-texnologiya-

Kitobi tekhnologiyai ittilooti baroi sinfi 5 (Elektroni)

Kitobi informatika sinfi 5. Kitobe, ki SHumo dar dast dored usuli jihozi oshkhona, asbobu anjomi …