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Pora (Pul – Sum)

Dar natijai jangi shahrvandi va muborizai shadidu khunin, dar bayni mahalho khun aftod va tarqishi buzurgero ba vujud ovard, ki sababgori beetimodi va nobovarii nukhbagoni tarafho va dar natija shiddati besobiqa paydo kardani marazi mahalgaroi shud. Adami vahdati milli khatarnoktarin omili yakporchagii kishvar shinokhta shudaast, ki tajribai talkhi mo onro bori digar isbot kard.

Nabudi shoistasolori va rasidani nafaroni tasodufi ba maqom dar asari zududa gashtani farqi haromu halol fasodro dar kishvar nihodina kard, ki niz moneai buzurge dar rohi rushdi kishvar shud. Hardui in padida – mahalgaroi va fasod dar yakjoyagi, jomearo ba tabaqahoi dorovu nodor, barguzidavu nobarguzida taqsim kardand. Korshinoson ba yak ovoz nobaro- rii ijtimoiro sababi asosii tarkishi ijtimoi donistaand.

Pora

Hamin tavr, agar sababhoi umdai poshkhurii Ittihodi shura- vi zafi mudiriyatu gustarishi fasod va agar sababi sar zadani jangi shahrvandi dar Tojikiston tabartaqsim va avorizi on misli mahalgaroi boshad, hamai in omilho imruz dar kishvari man ba tavri barjastatare huzur dorand. Man du yoddoshti khurd dar taqviyati in guftaho meoram.

Zamoni poshkhurii Hukumati shuravi anborhoi pakhta pur az in mahsuloti purqimatu serkharidor budand. Haridu furush va sohibkorii khususi ijozat shuda boshad ham, hanuz dar sohai tijorat qonunu qoidai mushakhkhas qabul nashuda bud. Az in sa- bab, chand soli avval qismi ziyodi pakhtai Tojikistonro ba tavri qochoq obu loy kardand. Korchallonho az fursat istifoda burda, dar hamkori bo dastandarkoroni soha, ba istilohi onruza, «ki- pro jip» mekardand. Mardum meguftand, ki har kase, ki kip (toyi pakhta) furushad, jip savor meshavad. Voqean, qochoqchiyon az besarusomoni istifoda karda, pakhtaro obuloy va pulashro baroi zindagii mujallali khudashon sarf kardand. Tabiist, ki onho boju rishvahoi hanguft ba masulon mepardokhtand. Dar nazari odamon tijorati pakhta yak kori purfasod va qochoqi shuda monda bud. Masuloni dakhldor zehniyate doshtand, ki har kase, ki pakhtaro sodir mekunad, boyad ba onho pora dihad.

Soli duvumi ba tijorati pakhta mashgul shudani mo bud. Hukumat bo qoidaho sodiroti pakhtaro toraft tanzim mekard. Pesh az sodir shudani pakhta az qalamravi jumhuri boyad puli on ba bonk vorid meshud, andoz az furush suporida meshud, kumi- tai standart navi pakhtaro muayyan mekard va birjai pakhta khulosai khudro dar khususi az jihati iqtisodi qobili qabul budani muomila medod. In sistema voqean durust tarhrezi shuda bud va dar holi durust kor kardan peshi rohi qochoqi pakhtaro megirift.

Har kadomi in nihodho tasdiqnomai khudro medodand va gum- ruk faqat dar asosi onho berun raftani pakhta az qalamravro ijozat medod. In tanzimot khele zarur bud, zero dar zamoni besarusomonii badi poshkhurii kishvar baamalomada, tedodi ziyodi pakhtai khojagiho be peshpardokht sodir va be nomu nishon shuda, khojagiho ziyoni ziyod dida budand.

Mohi sentyabr bud va chidani pakhta mablagguzorii ziyodi naqd va harruza talab mekard. Qarordodhoi bonku shirkathoi khoriji bo shirkathoi sodirkunandai mahalli moro uhdador mekardand, ki az mohi sentyabr muvofiqi naqsha pakhta bor karda firistem. Mo – hamai shirkatho ba miqdori peshbinishuda, pakhtaro baroi sodirot omoda karda, asnodashro ba in nihodho suporidem. Tasdiqnomahoi digar omoda shuda boshand ham, Kumitai andoz korro kashol medod. To in dam hech goh chunin kasholkorie nashuda bud. Hama asabi budand. Bor kardani pakhta aqib, ki meaftod, bonki khoriji mablagguzoriro niz kashol medod. Har hafta dar jalasahoi sarvazir kor to sadoi balandu tahdid merasid. Zero kambudi puli chinak ba ijro nashudani naqshai jamovarii pakhta ovarda rasondanash mumkin bud.

On zamon pakhtachini marakai umumijumhuriyavi buda, ha- nuz ham misli zamoni shuravi naqshabandi meshud va hukumat bar ijroi on nazorati shadid meburd. Ijroi naqsha ba tavri gustarda az tariqi vasoiti akhbori omma rasonai meshud. Bri- gadaho, kolkhozho, nohiyaho bo ham sabqat mekardand va ba golibon tuhfaho doda meshudand.

Mo saroni shirkathoi sodirkunanda tasmim giriftem, ki bo raisi Bonki milli vokhurda, masalaro matrah kunem, to in ki u ba raisi Kumitai andoz zang zanad. Dar jalasa rais bo telefon raisi Kumitai andozro paydo nakarda, dastur dod, ki du nafar saroni shirkat rafta, bo rayosati Kumitai andoz masalaro barrasi karda, sababi takhiri dodani tasdiqnomaro muayyan karda oyand. Qaror kardem, ki begohii hamon ruz jalasai digar barguzor karda, in masalaro hal kunem.

Dar jalasai begohi yake az on nafarone, ki rafta bo raisi navtaini Kumitai andoz vokhurda budand, ba raisi Bonki mil- li ittilo dod, ki raisi Kumitai andoz talab kardaast, ki baroi har tonnai pakhtai sodirshavanda shakhsan ba u mablagi 50 dollar pardokhta shavad.

Homushii noguvore hukmfarmo shud. Hama intizori voku- nishi raisi Bonki milli budem. Man intizor doshtam, ki rais telefonro megiradu zang zada, qoteona barkhurd mekunad, to ki peshi rohi in fasodi ruirost girifta shavad. Voqean, in khudsarii gushnoshunide bud.

Rais khomush qalamro bardoshta, ba gushash khalid, tob doda gushashro khorid va bo sadoi narmu orom guft:

  • Maylash, yak chize dodan lozim meshavad.

Ba zudi dar payravi az in ravish, nihodhoi digari dakhldor niz bojhoi gayriqonunii khudro muqarrar kardand va shir- kathoi sodirkunanda majbur shudand, ki ba fasod guta zanand.

Muvofiqi qonun shirkathoi tijoriro sole yak bor taftishi moli meguzarondand. Bozras az Kumitai andoz chand ruz boz ba taftishi shirkati mo mashgul bud. CHand kambudii khurdu reze oshkor karda bud, ki ba suporidani andoz yo pardokhthoi digari davlati rabte nadosht. Komron, ki mutasaddii tashkili taf- tish az sui shirkat bud, ba man dar borai on kambudiho guft. Man nazaramro bayon kardam, ki az sari vaqt oshkor shudani kambudiho mo boyad khursand shavem va az bozras ham siposguzor boshem, zero in kambudihoro raf mekunem va dar oyanda onhoro takror namekunem. Vale Komron qone namenamud.

  • Mushkili digare ham hast? – pursidam man. Komron za- bonkhoi mekard.
  • U pul mekhohad, – guft chashmonashro gurezonda.
  • YAne jarima bastan mekhohad? – daqiq kardani shudam. Komron bo alomati inkor sar junbond.
  • CHand? – tori asabhoyam tarang meshud.
  • Dah hazor.
  • Dah hazor dollar? – Komron bo ishorai sar tasdiq kard. His kardam, ki qiyofaam garm meshavad, khun ba saram zad.
  • Baroi chi? Az moliyote, ki mo mesuporem, u maosh megirad, baraks u boyad ba mo yori kunad, ki khatohoyamon raf shavand! – khitob kardam man. Komron khomush sar ba zer afkanda meistod.
  • Rafta guy, agar kambudihoi oshkorkardaash har qadr ja- rima meshuda boshad, hamonro rasmi mesuporem, – guftam man.
  • Man du ruz boz bo u bahs mekunam, befoida. Avval u se barobar ziyod mepursid, – javob dod Komron.
  • Man khudam bo u gap mezanam, – guftam man.

Dar vaqti tainshuda ba utoqi korii u raftam. Pursidam, ki dar kadom asos u mekhohad az mo pul sitonad?

  • Hama medihad, tu ham medihi! – va az kiho chi qadar si- tondanashro gufta dod. In hamaro qablan ba Komron ham gufta bud. Man guftam, ki ba digaron kor nadoram, vale mo hamai andozu pardokhthoro sarivaqt suporidaem va gunohe nadorem, ki bo rishvavu pora bipushem.
  • Turo ki guftaast, ki hamai andozhoro supori? – maro dar hayrat guzosht u.
  • Magar nasuporidan meshavad?
  • Namesuporidi, man hozir sanad tartib doda, hamaashro durust nishon medodam, ham tu foida mekardi, ham man! – aql yod dod u ba man.

Oromona fahmondam, ki in talabash jinoyat ast.

  • Ba kujoe khohi, arz kun, shumo haftod sol khurded bas! Aknun navbati mo! – gufta dug zad.
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