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NAZARIYAI ABADI BUDANI HAYOT

Nazariyai abadi budani hayot ba manoi hoziraash barobari tadqiqothoi L.Paster ba vujud omada, dar nazari avval davomi mantiqii onho meboshad.

YAke az nazariyahoi avvalini abadi budani hayotro soli 1865 olimi nemis G.Rikhter peshnihod kard. In nazariya dar ilm bo nomi panspermiya malum ast. Muvofiqi nazariyai Rikhter hayot dar rui Zamin az moddahoi gayriorganiki paydo nashuda, balki az digar sayyoraho ovarda shudaast. Pas, savol ba miyon meoyad, ki az masofai in qadar duri bayni sayyoraho hayot chi tavr ba sayyorai digar ovarda shuda boshad?

Osmon  odam

Dalelhoi ba Zamin az digar sayyoraho omadani hayotro olimoni fizik justuju mekardand. Ajoibash on bud, ki tarafdoroni aqidai mazkur olimoni mashhur budand (G.Gelmgols, G.Tomson, S.Arrenius, P.Lazarev va digaron).

Asosan, du savol ba miyon omad: Zarrachahoi hayot tavassuti kadom neru az yak sayyora ba digar sayyora meraftand? Oyo onho dar vaqti harakat dar fazoi koinot qobiliyati hayotiashonro nigoh doshta metavonistand?

Az rui aqidahoi Tomson va Gelmgols sporai bakteriyaho va mikroorganizmhoi digar tavassuti meteoritho metavonistand ba Zamin ovarda shavand. Jonibdoroni hozirai nazariyai panspermiya takhmin mekunand, ki qismi asosii moddahoi organikie, ki baroi hayot zarur budand, tavassuti meteoritho ovarda meshudand.

Tadqiqothoi laboratori dere naguzashta ustuvorii organizmhoi zindaro ba sharoiti nomusoid isbot kardand.

Masalan, spora va tukhmi rastani muddati ziyod dar oksigeni moe yo nitrogen nigoh doshta shudand, ammo qobiliyati hayotii onho boqi mond. Nazariyai panspermiya na paydoi shi avvalini hayot, balki faqat paydoishi onro dar rui Zamin sobit kardan mekhohad. Bo in roh on halli masalaro boz ham dushvortar mesozad.

Nazariyai abadi budani hayotro olimi digari nemis – V.Preyer soli 1880 inkishof doda, onro muallifi nazariyai biosfera – akademik V.I.Vernadskiy tarafdori kardaast.

Az nigohi V.Preyer masalai paydoishi hayot, umuman,  vujud nadorad, hayot abadi meboshad. Ziyoda az in, Preyer masalai az zinda paydo shudani gayrizindaro ba miyon meguzorad va jonibdori on ast, ki zinda pesh az gayrizinda mavjud bud. Vobasta ba in Preyer massai tafsoni kurai Zaminro organizmi zindae mepindosht, ki doroi mubodilai makhsusi moddaho bud. Barobari khunuk shudani zamin massa ba qismho judo shud, vale onho digar yakjoya shuda natavonista, bo hamin az gardishi hayot berun shudand va tabiati gayrizindaro ba vujud ovardand.

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