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MANi

maniMANi (yun. sperma – tukhm) sperma, moei safedchatobi galiz, ki mardon va hayvonoti narina hangomi aloqai jinsi mebarorand. Moei chaspaki shireshmonand buda, bui makhsus dorad. M. az gadudi jinsii narina hosil meshavad va doroi nutfa (spermatozoidho) buda, dar afzoishi jinsi ishtirok mekunad. M. safeda (az on jumla fermentho, nukleoproteidho), lipid, angishtob, vitamin, prostoglandin, namakhoi natriy, kaliy, kalsiy va g. dorad. M. az davrai balogati jinsi hosil shuda, badi 40-solagi kohish meyobad. Dar holathoi muqarrari 1 ml M. az 60 – 120 mln nutfa iborat ast. Ilova bar in, dar tarkibi M. hujayrahoi makhsus – spermatogoniyaho va spermatidho mavjudand. Dar lahzai inzol (eyakulyatsiya) ba hisobi miyona az 2 to 10 ml M. khorij meshavad. In miqdor M. baroi betasir gardondani turshii mahbal, ki ba harakati nutfa khalal merasonad, basanda ast. Kam hosil shudani M. mumkin ast boisi benaslii mardon gardad. Ikhtiloli hosil va ikhroj shudani M. ba sabzishi nokifoyai khoyaho, izhoi dagali majroi M., gadudi prostata va rohi peshob, ki badi sadama va iltihob boqi mondaand, vobasta ast. Dar baze holathoi nojurii organizm M. nutfa nadorad (azoospermiya, aspermiya) yo miqdori nutfai on kam meshavad (oligospermiya), nutfahoi mavtshuda (nekrospermiya) yo noqis (teratospermiya) dorad. M. – ro baroi muayyan kardani sababi benasli, inchunin dar amaliyai ekspertizai sudii tibbi tadqiq mekunand.

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