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KARDIOMIOPATIYA

kardiomiopatiyaKARDIOMIOPATIYA (az kardio…, mys, myos – mushak va pathos – bemori), nomi umumii illathoi gunoguni dil, ki alomati asosii onho osebi gayriiltihobii miokard meboshad. Dar mavridi K. dil kalon shuda, faoliyati on khalal meyobad. K. az miokarditho, osebi miokard hangomi bemorii kamkhunii dil, nuqsi dil, bemorii raghoi shush, miokardiodistrofiya farq dorad.
K. chand khel meshavad. Hususan K.-i iniqodi va du namudi K.-i gipertrofi (K.-i gipertrofii diffuzi va stenozi zeriaortavii gipertrofii khudzod) beshtar duchor meoyad.
Hama guna namudhoi K. dar ibtido biduni alomathoi khos zohir meshavand. Vale nishonahoi kalon shudani dil va gipertrofiyai medachai chapro metavon bo rohi tadqiqi rentgenologi va az rui tagyiroti EKG (elektrokardiogramma) barvaqt oshkor kard. YAke az alomathoi avvalini K.-i iniqodi damkutohi meboshad, ki nisbat ba dig. nishonahoi nuqsi dil peshtar az khud darak medihad. Zuhuroti avvalini K.-i gipertrofii diffuzi ba padidahoi dig. bemoriho monand meboshad: sustiyu beholati, dilzani, kharob shudan, bazan sarcharkhi, behushi, dard kardani mavzei dil, damkutohi va g. Nishonahoi avvalini K. dar baze bemoron ikhtiloli nizomi kori dil – ekstrasistoliya va takhikardiyai paroksizmi meboshand.
K. dar bemorkhona muolija karda meshavad. Dar baze mavridho faoliyati dilro ba etidol ovardan mumkin ast.

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