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KARAFS

karafsKARAFS (Apium graveolens), karafsh, giyohest dusola. Az 20 to 150 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash rost, sershokh; bargash parmonand, gultudaash chatrnamo, gulash maydai safed yo sabztob. Mohi iyul gul karda, donash avg. – sent. mepazad. Odatan dar zaminhoi partov, kanori juy, rudi kuhi, obanbor yo shibaru botloqjoyho meruyad. Dar kuhi Mevagul, q. – kuhhoi Turkiston va nohiyahoi Tojikistoni Janubi (dar balandii 400 – 1500 m) vomekhurad.
K. giyohi doruii qadimist. Resha va tukhmi onro az qadim chun vositai peshobron istifoda mebarand. Bino ba malumoti Abualii Sino K. varamhoro megardonad, qabziyatro mekushoyad, araq meovarad va dardro taskin mebakhshad, baroi sulfa, ziqi nafas, jigar va sipurz mufid ast, peshob va hayzro meronad. Hama qismhoi K. gurda, masona va bachadonro toza mekunad. Tukhmi K. baroi obkhura davoi khub ast, qabziyati jigar va sipurzro raf mesozad, davoi bodron, kijjaron va peshobron meboshad. Dardi sangi gurda, masona va miyonro taskin mebakhshad. Bino ba malumoti muallifi «Makhzanu-l-adviya» qismi az hama purtasiri K. resha, sipas tukhm va bargi on meboshad. Tukhmi K. to 2 sol va reshaash to 3 sol qobiliyati shifobakhshiro gum namekunad.
Dar tibbi khalqi naqei reshai K.-ro hangomi zafi uzvhoi hozima, kamishtihoi va chun omili isholovar ruze 3 – 4 marotiba 1 chumcha menushand. SHirai reshai taru tozai onro hangomi bemorihoi gurda, naqris, asabdard, tarbod, sagles va iltihobi pust (ruze 3 marotiba 1 – 2 qoshuqcha 30 daqiqa pesh az khurok) tavsiya medihand. CHoyi mevai K.-ro hangomi nafastangi, hikkak va chun vositai qayband menushand. Az bargi taru tozai K. dorui peshobroni «Sukapichraveol» tayyor mekunand.
Ad.: Komarov B. M., Opredelitel rasteniy Severnogo Tadjikistana, D., 1967; Markov V. M., Ovoshevodstvo, M., 1974; Vasilenko N. G., Znaete li vi eti ovoshi?, M., 1975; CHikov P. S., Laptev YU. P., Vitaminnie i lekarstvennie rasteniya, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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