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IBNI RUSHD

ibni-rushdIBNI RUSHD (1126 – 1198), Abulvalid Muhammad ibni Ahmad, faylasuf, faqehi moliki va tabibi marufi arab. Dar Andalus (Ispaniyai islomi) dar shahri Qurtuba dar khonadoni nomdori fuqahoi moliki ba dunyo omada, bad az zindagiyu faoliyat dar Marokash vafot kardaast. I. R. az khurdi ba omukhtani ilm mashgul shuda, khususan ilmhoi kalom, fiqh, sher, tib, riyoziyot, falak va falsafaro purra faro megirad. Sipas bo tavsiyai Ibni Tufayl khalifai muvahhidiho – Abuyaqubi YUsuf uro nakhust tabibi khud va badan qozii Qurtuba tayin mekunad. I. R. harchand tabibi mumtoz va rohnamoi tabiboni zamonaash bud, vale beshtar hamchun faylasuf shuhrat dorad. u osori Arasturo tahqiqu barrasi karda, bar onho sharhho navishtaast, Arastuvu tarafdoronashro az mukholifon difo kardaast. I. R. dar tarikhi islom avvalin faylasufest, ki kushidaast to aloqamandii shariatu falsafaro bo burhonhoi mantiqi isbot kunad; u ba falsafavu mantiq hukmi shari dodaast. Az talifoti I. R. dar tib dar sarchashmaho du kitob yod shudaast: «Al-Kulliyot fi-t-tib» va «SHarhu-l-Urjuza fi-t-tib li Ibni Sino» (avvalin sharhi «Urjuza fi-t-tib»-i Ibni Sino meboshad).
Ad.: «Al-Munjad fi-l-lugat va-l-alom», Beyrut, 1986; Hojikhalifa, «Kashfu-z-zunun an asomii-l-kutubi va-l-zunun», j. 1 va 2, Lubnon, 2007.

S. SHahobuddinov.

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