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Hunarmandi dar asri XVI

Istehsoloti hunarmandi va sifati mahsuloti on dar davomi asri XVI ba holati peshinai khud boqi mond. Lashkarkashi va tokhtutozi beshumor ba Huroson baroi aholi bisyor garon bud. Hususan janghoi baynikhudi, ki qarib nim asr davom kard, ahvoli mardumro nihoyat taboh sokht. Zaminhoi kisht poymol, shahrho toroj va khiroju andozho ziyod shudand.

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SHahrho dar hayoti siyosi, iqtisodi va madanii mamlakat naqshi kalon bozidaand. Makhsusan shahrhoi Samarqand, Bukhoro, Toshkand, Fargona, Hujand, Hisor taraqqi karda budand. Hunarmandon dar shahrho kam nabudand. Kasbhoi maruf dar shahrho bofandagi, kordgari, kuloli, ohangari, binokori, duzandagi, oshpazi budand. Makhsusan, hunari ustohoi kogazrezi Samarqand marufu mashhuri mamlakathoi digar gashta bud.

Dar tarikhn kasbu kssibii mardu.mi Osiei Miyona znyoda az 100 hunar ma lumu mashhur ast. Kosibon ustokhonahoi khudro doshtand. Dar baze shahrho kosiboni yak sohai hunarmandi dar guzar yo mahallahoi alohida istiqomat mekardand. Az hamin sabab baze guzarhoi shahr nomi “guzari kordgaron”, “guzari sobungaron”, “guzari degrezon”. “guzari mekhchagaron”, va amsoli inhoro giriftaast.

Dar shahrho bozorho budand. Dar shahrhoi kalon dar yak hafta du ruz ruzi bozor meshud. Hunarmandon masnuoti khudro ba bozor niz mebarovardand. Kosibone budand, ki dar ustokhonaho kiroya kor mekardand va ba ivazi korashon muzd megiriftand. Az kosibon niz andoz sitonida meshud.

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