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BRONHADENIT

bronhadenitBRONHADENIT (Bronchadenitis; az bronkhho va yun. aden – gadud), iltihobi guddahoi limfavii nazdi bronkhho va trakheya. Dar amaliyai kliniki beshtar B.-i sili yo sili limfaguddahoi dokhili sina (asosan dar kudakon va navrason) mushohida meshavad.
B. bisyor vaqt chun limfadenit hangomi pnevmoniya, bronkhit, bemorihoi iltihobii hanjara khuruj meyobad. Alomati asosii B. kalon shudani guddahoi limfa ast (onro beshtar bo rohi tadqiqi rentgenologi oshkor mesozand). Bazan dar natijai kalon shudani limfaguddaho va B.-i silii omosmonand bayni shonaho dard karda, bemor sakht mesulfad, nafasgir meshavad. Dar asnoi B.-i sili guddahoi limfavi az yak taraf oseb yofta, nishonahoi zahroludii sili ba mushohida merasand; natijai sanjishi tuberkulini musbat ast. Hangomi B.-i gayrisili guddahoi limfavii sina az du taraf oseb meyoband (dar natijai tabobati bemorii asosi nest meshavad).
Bo maqsadi tashkhisi B. az usulhoi rentgenografiyai uzvhoi sanduqi sina, tomografiya, bazan bronkhoskopiya, mediastinoskopiya (muoinai uzvhoi devorai mobayn bo yorii asbobi makhsus – mediastinoskop) va mediastinotomiya istifoda mebarand.

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