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BOBUNA

bobunaBOBUNA (Matricaria suaveolens), bobunaj, bobunai buyo, guli bobuna, nave az giyohhoi yaksola. Az 15 to 35 sm qad mekashad. Poyai rosti sershokh, bargi parmonand, khushaguli siparshakl, guli sabzi zardtob dorad. Davrai gulshukuftash may – iyun. Dar kanori rohu juyborho meruyad.
B. rastanii mamuli doruist. Bino ba aqidai Abualii Sino bobunaj magzi sarro taqviyat mebakhshad, baroi sardardi betab mufid ast, zardparvinro raf menamoyad, peshob va sangro meronad. Hangomi dardhoi betab va tabnok zeri nofro bo B. tarbandi mekunand. Hangomi tabi takroryobanda ravgani bobunajro ba badan memoland, baroi muolijai tabi kuhna onro istemol mekunand. Dar «Alvahiya»-i Abualii Sino omada, ki ravgani bobunaj khastagii jismoni va fikriro raf mesozad, bemorihoi gush va shukufaro davo mebakhshad. Bino ba malumoti Muhammad Husayn B. hangomi ziqi nafas, zardparvin, dardi sanduqi sina, jigar, qismi poyonii ruda, bachadon nofe ast. Onro dar mavridi bemorihoi magzi sar, sardard, baroi aftondani sangi masona, hangomi qabziyati peshob istifoda mebarand. Tabiboni khalqi choyi guli B.-ro baroi muolijai bemorihoi azoi hozima, gurda, rohhoi talkha, asabdard va chun vositai ziddi ragkashi, taskinbakhsh, ziddi iltihob, araqovar, peshobron va isholovar tavsiya medihand.
Muayyan karda shudaast, ki naqei B. khosiyati khunbandi, ziddiufunati, araqovar, zardaroni dorad; nafaskashiro metezonad, faoliyati dilro tez va raghoi magzi sarro vase mekunad, ishtihoro mekushoyad, baroi zakhmi meda va rudai duvozdahangushta mufid ast. Jushobi guli B.-ro dar alohidagi va dar omekhtagi bo giyohhoi digar chun vositai ziddi tashannuj, taskinbakhsh, araqovar, bodron, hamchunin baroi tarbandi, gar-gara kardani gulu ba kor mebarand.
Naqei obi va spirtii B. bo maqsadi tanzimi hayz istifoda megardad. Bo jushobi on bemorihoi pust va joyhoi buridayu kharoshkhurdai tanro davo mebakhshand. Baroi tahiyai jushob 15 g bargu poyai B.-ro dar 200 ml ob 5 daq. mejushonand va badi 30 daq. polonda megirand. Bo maqsadi tayyor kardani naqe 20,0 g alafi B. dar 250 ml obi jush 5 soat tar karda meshavad. Baroi tayyor kardani naqei spirtii B. 20 g alafi onro dar 150 ml spirt 5 shaboruz tar karda memonand.
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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