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BEMORIHOI ADVIYOT

bemorii-advietBEMORIHOI ADVIYOTi, bemorihoe, ki binobar hassosiyati ziyod nisbati doruho yo baroi organizm badpazir budani onho ba vujud meoyand. B. a. allergi va mizoji (idiosinkraziya) meshavand. B. a.-i allergi nisbatan beshtar vomekhurand. Hangomi in guna bemoriho doru yo mahsuli mubodilai on bo safedai zardob yo boftaho payvast gashta, podtanhoi allergi hosil mekunand. Idiosinkraziya dar natijai illati irsii fermentho, ki dorui ba organizm firistodaro duchori tabaddulot mesozad, ba vujud meoyad. Bisyor vaqt dar natijai illati fermentii mazkur aksulamali allergi niz sar mezanad. Az B. a. digar tasiroti nomatlubi doruhoro farq kardan lozim ast (mas., zahroludi binobar ziyod kardani voya, tasiroi nomatlubi doruho, mas., kandidamikoz, ki binobar istifodai antibiotikho rukh menamoyand va g.).
Padidahoi B. a. gunogun meboshand. Dar mavridi B. a. mumkin tamomi uzvu sistemahoi organizm oseb yoband. B. a.-ro vobasta ba zudi va jarayon ba 3 guruh judo mekunand: 1) Aksulamalhoe, ki hamon lahza yo badi yak soati ba organizm roh yoftani doru ba vujud meoyand, mas., anafilaksiya, sagles, varami Kvinke, khuruji ziqi nafas, kamkhunii gemolizi va g.; 2) Aksulamalhoe, ki dar davomi ruzi avvali istifodai doruho rukh menamoyand, mas., agranulositoz, trombositopeniya, kapillyarotoksikoz, tablarza va g.; 3) Vokunishote, ki badi chand ruz yo haftai kor farmudani doruho sar mezanand, mas., bemorii zardobi, vaskulitho, purpurayu dermatithoi allergi, iltihobi bandho, guddalimfaho va uzvhoi daruni (gepatiti allergi, nifrit, ensefalomielit va g.). B. a. dar natijai khuruji bemorii asosi niz padid meoyand. Hususan B. a.-i shadid khavfnok meboshand.
Har yak doru metavonad boisi B. a. shavad. CHunin khosiyati doruho ba tavri gunogun zuhur meyobad. Dar mavridi takroran istifoda burdani hamon yak doru, khosa zardobhoi antitoksini, B. a. ziyod megardand. B. a. makhsusan dar bayni kormandoni tib va dorukhonaho beshtar duchor meoyand.
Bo maqsadi muolijai B. a. boyad ba istifodai doruhoi allergiyaovar khotima bakhshid. Dar surati sari vaqt tabobat namudan, oqibati bemori nek ast.
Baroi peshgirii B. a. doruero, ki zarurati istifodai on nest, naboyad tain kard. Agar baroi muolija faqat ba zeri pust va mushak firistodani doru kofi boshad, pas tain kardani doruhoe, ki ba vena tazriq karda meshavand, joiz nest. Tazriqi avvali doru, khususan antibiotikho, boyad dar mahalli bozu surat girad, zero hangomi sar zadani B. a.-i shadid on joro metavon bo tasma (jgut) bast. Bemoronero, ki nisbati yagon doru allergiya dorand, dar yak utoq bo bemoroni digar, ki hamon doruro istifoda mebarand, joy dodan lozim nest.

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