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Ahkomi durud firistodan

Va jumhuri ulamo bar onand, ki amri ba salavoti bar on Hazrat (s) dar in oyat mahmul ast bar vujub, ammo ikhtilof dar miqdori on vojib ast. Imom Molik (pah) guyad, ki: «Dar hamai umr yak bor vojib ast va ziyoda bar on mandubu mustahab va dar baze mavoze istehbobi muakkada ast», yane dar namoz bad az tashahhudi avval ba mazhabi Imom SHofei (pah) va dar tashahhudi okhir vojib ast. Ba mazhabi Imom Abuhanifa (pah) va barkhe az ulamoi shofeiya sunnat ast. Va aimmaro dar vaqti guftanu shunidani nomi on Hazrat (s) ikhtilof ast, baze bar onand, ki dar har navbat durud guftan vojib buvad va jame guyand, ki dar yak majlis yak navbat, yo se navbat vojib astu bas. Va fatvo bar on ast, ki nomi on Hazrat (s) dar majlise har chand bor, ki takror yobad, yak navbat durud vojib ast va boqi sunnat.

surati-tarixiVa dar kayfiyati salavot ahodisi gunogun vorid shudaast.

Va Imom Nuri (pah) farmuda, ki afzal on ast, ki jam namoyad miyoni ahodisi mazkura, ki aksari on ba sihhat payvasta va alfozi voridaro ba tamom biyorad, bar on vajh ki:

Allohumma salli alo Muhammadin abdika va rasulika-n-nabiyyi-l-ummiyyi va alo oli Muhammadiv-va azvojihi va zurriyyatihi kamo sallayta alo Ibrohima va alo oli Ibrohima; va borik alo Muhammadin-nabiyyi-l-ummiyyi va alo oli Muhammadiv-va azvojihi va zurriyyatihi  kamo borakta alo Ibrohima va alo oli Ibrohima fi-l-olamina, innaka Hamidu-m-Majidun va sallama tasliman kasiran kasiro.

Qita:

YO Sayidu-l-anom, durudi janobi tu

Virdi zaboni most mahu solu subhu shom.

Nazdiki tu chi tuhfa firistem mo zi dur,

Dar dasti most hamin salavotu vassalom.

Va Qozi Abubakr guft: «Farz gardonid Haq jalla va alo bar muminon, ki salavotu salom firistand bar Paygambari vay (s) va nagardonid mar onro vaqte muayyan, pas, vojib ast, ki bisyor gufta shavad va gaflat varzida nashavad».

Masala. Salavot guftan dar namoz fariza ast, yo sunnat? Bar qavli SHofei (pah) fariza ast va bar qavli ulamoi mo sunnat ast. Vajhi qavli SHofei (pah) on ast, ki Hudovand azza va jalla mefarmoyad, ki: «Innalloha va maloikatahu yusalluna ala-n-nabiyi yo ayyuha-l-lazina omanu sallu alayhi va sallimu taslimo». (tarjuma va sharhi in oyatro dar avvali kitob ovarda budem) va ba hadisi on Hazrat (s) on, ki «Lo salota li man lam yusalli alayya», yane: «Nest namoz bar shakhse, ki to naguyad bar man durud». SHofei (rah) guftaast, ki subuti in salavot guftan ham ba oyatu ham ba hadis ast, boyad ki fariza buvad. Va ulamoi mo meguyand (pah), ki salavot guftan ba oyat sobit ast, valekin tayini dar namoz ba amri Paygambar (s) ast. Va on chi Rasululloh (s) farmudaand, az rohi fazilatu kamol farmudaand. Dalel bar on, ki Rasululloh (s) farmudaand, ki: «Nest namoz hamsoyai masjidro juz dar masjid». Va agar hamsoyai masjid dar khona namoz meguzorad, ravo buvad, lekin on fazilatu kamol nabuvad, ki dar masjid guzorad, in niz hamon hukmro dorad. Rasululloh (s) farmudaand, ki: «Namoz nest dar zamini gasbi». Va niz farmudaand (s), ki: «Namoz nest mar zani khashmgiriftaro». Va agar eshon namoz guzorand, ravo buvad, in niz hamon hukmro dorad, to agar kase namoz guzorad va salavot naguyad, namozash ravo buvad, ammo on fazilatu kamol nabuvad, ki salavot guyad.[1]

Va salavot guftan dar muddati umri khud yak bor fariza ast, chunonchi kalimai shahodatro yak bor guftan fariza astu bad az on sunnat ast, valekin boyad ki payvasta biguyad. Rasululloh (s) farmudaand, ki: “Har ki yak bor bar man salavot guyad, boqi namonad bar vay az gunohoni vay zarrae».[2]

Masala. Jamoate dar yak joy nomi Rasululloh (s) meguyand, yo meshunavand, har bore, ki meguyand, yo meshunavand, salavot bar Rasululloh (s) guyand, yo ne? Abulhasani Karkhi (pah) guftaast, ki se bor guyand va bad az on naguyand, gunahgor nashavand, ammo zohiri rivoyat on ast, ki har bor, ki guyand, yo shunavand, boyad ki salavot guyand, zero ki Rasululloh (s) chunin farmudaand, ki: “Har ki nomi man shunavad va bar man salavot naguyad, pas, jafo kardaast bar man».[3]

Masala. Dar hangomaho nomi Rasululloh (s)-ro meguyand, salavot guftan shoyad, yo ne? Narm shoyad guftan baland ne, az baroi on, ki eshonro niyati ibodat nest va murodi eshon garmii hangoma ast, chun tu narm[4] gui, Hudovandi taolo savobi ibodat dar devoni tu sabt gardonad.[5]

Masala. Agar kase dar umri khud yak bor ham durud nafiristod, pas, halok shud va ziyongor gardid, chun ki u az jumlai muminon nabudaast.

Masala. Dar khutbai namozi juma, agar oyati «Innalloha va maloikatahu yusalluna ala-n-nabiyi yo ayyukha-l-lazina omanu sallu alayhi va sallimu taslimo» khonda shavad, durud nakhonad, magar dar dili khud. Halqa basta, yo dar masojid ba ovozi baland durudu salom khondan jahl[6] va bidat ast. (Durru-l-mukhtor).[7]

Masala. Va chun nomi giromii on Hazrat (s)-ro dar kitobe menavisad «sallallohu alayhi va sallam»-ro mukammal binavisad va tanho bar «salam», yo bar “Sod” kifoyat nakunad va pesh az ismi giromi «Sayidino» va yo misli on har kadom laqabero binavisad, mustahab ast (Durru-l-mukhtor).[8]

Masala. Dar namoz gayr az tashahhudi okhir dar digar jo durud khondan makruh ast. (Durru-l-mukhtor).[9]

Masala. Ba gayri tahorat khondani durud joiz asi ammo botahorat nuran alo nur ast. (Zodu-s-said).[10]

Masala. Ruzi juma khondani durud az digar vaqtho afzal ast va shabi juma niz dar hukmi ruz ast.

Nati Abdulhayi Mujaharfi (pah)

Habibi Holiqi yakto Muhammad,

Muhibbi Hazrati Mavlo Muhammad.

Amiri kishvari mulki hidoyat,

Imomi YAsribu Batho Muhammad.

SHavad Arshi barin farshi rahi u,

Muqimi takhti «Av-adno» Muhammad.

SHahi qasri «Kafo billoh» boshad,

Mahi badri falakpaymo Muhammad.

Buvad sarvi labi juyi irodat,

Guli khubi chamanoro Muhammad.

Dihad bar tashnakomoni jahon ob

Zi jomi surai «Toho» Muhammad.

Ba gulzori hidoyat purfigon bud

Damodam andaleboso Muhammad.

Ba guftorash, ki kholi az havo bud,

Fikanda dar jahon gavgo Muhammad.

Gunahgoroni ummatro ba mahshar

Buvad okhir farahbakhsho Muhammad.

Ba yodash shod dilhoi muhibbon

Farahbakhshandai jonho Muhammad.

Asoi dasti har aftoda nomash,

Hayolash rohati dilho Muhammad.

Tarabafzost, ey shami diloro,

Ba dilho yodi ruyat, yo Muhammad.

Salotu ham salomi az had afzun

Ba ruhat, ey Habibi mo, Muhammad.

Ba Abdulhay nasimi bogi firdavs

Rasad az khoki kuyat, yo Muhammad.

[1] «Saloti Masudi». Sah. 58.

[2] «Saloti Masudi». Sah. 58.

[3] «Saloti Masudi». Sah. 58.

[4] Narm — past.

[5] «Saloti Masudi». Sah. 59.

[6] Jahl – nodoni.

[7] «Rajou-l-maqbul». Sah. 242.

[8] «Rajou-l-maqbul». Sah. 242.

[9] «Rajou-l-maqbul». Sah. 243.

[10] «Rajou-l-maqbul». Sah. 243.

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