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ATSETON

1200px-aceton-svgATSETON (CH3COCH3), dimetilketon, moei berang, bui khos dorad; haror. jush. 56,2°S, haror. gud. – 94,9°S. Dar ob, spirt va efir nagz hal meshavad.
A. dar tarkibi mahsuli bugronii khushki chub mavjud ast. Dar sanoat onro bo rohi az karbonati seri tafson borho guzaronidani bugi kislotai atsetat, hamchunin bo rohi degidrogenonii spirti izopropil (ba sifati katalizator porchai birinji istifoda meshavad) istehsol mekunand. Bo rohi tajziyai bakteriyavii karbogidratho (krakhmal, deketrin, maltoza) hosil kardani A. niz malum ast. Zeri tasiri Bacterium atcetoacthylicum az krakhmal 10 – 30% spirt va 6 – 10% A. ba dast ovarda meshavad. Hini tasiri Bacillus macerans az krakhmal bo miqdori ziyod A. hosil megardad.
A.-ro dar peshobi bemoroni kasalii qand (diabet) oshkor mekunand. Dar 100 ml khun 1 – 2 mg A. mavjud ast; dar miqdori umumii shaboruzii peshob 0,01 – 0,03 g A. yoft meshavad. Hangomi ikhtiloli mubodilai moddaho dar tarkibi khun va peshob miqdori A. meafzoyad (onro bo usulhoi Legal va Liben muqarrar mesozand). Az A. zeri tasiri khlor yo yod va ishqor khloroform va yodoform hosil kardan mumkin ast. A. ashyo baroi sintezi dorui khobovar – sulfonal meboshad. Bahri in A.-ro bo etilmerkarbon payvast namuda, sipas merkaptoli hosilshudaro bo permanganati kaliy oksid mekunand. A. bo khloroform payvast shuda, moddai antiseptiki – khloreton (SNz)2S(ON)SSl3 hosil menamoyad. Nig. niz Zahroludi.
T. Idrisov.

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