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ALVEOKOKKOZ

alveokkozALVEOKOKKOZ (lot. Alveococcosis), ekhinokokkozi alveolavi, bemorii gelmintiest az guruhi teniidozho. Angezandai bemori alveokokk (Echi- nococcus multilocularis) buda, dar rudai boriki hayvonot (sagu gurbaho, ruboh, gurg va g.) maskun ast. Dar organizmi odam kirminahoi on choy megirand. Da- rozii alveokokki bolig 1,3 – 2,2 mm ast. Kirminai on misli gudda (gireh)-est, ki hubobchahoi sershumor dorad. Hubobchaho bo boftai fibrozi faro girifta shuda, az moei zardchatob va skoleks (sarak)-i gelmintho iborat meboshand. Guddaho binobar tashakkul yoftani hubobchahoi nav tadrichan kalon meshavand. Siroyat tavassuti khurokvorie, ki bo tukhmu kir- minai gelmint oluda shudaast, ba vuqu mepayvandad. Hangomi tamos bo sag, pust kandani hayvonoti muinadeh, oshomida- ni obi chuyu kulho, istemoli sabzavoti kuhu pushta niz siroyat yoftan mumkin ast. Alomathoi bemori mohho va hatto solhoi daroz az khud darak namedihand. Bad dar zeri qaburgai rost dardi kund va ehsosi garoni ba vuchud meoyad. Dar natichai ka- fidani ragi markazi gudda mumkin chavfi illat khunshor shavad. Dar chunin mavridho dard khuruch karda, bemor binobar az mahsuli tachziyai gelment siroyat yoftani qismi osebdidai chigar tablarza menamoyad. Guddahoe, ki dar nazdi machroi kaloni talkha choy giriftaand, mumkin ba on fi- shor ovarda, boisi sar zadani zardparvin, astsit, kholangit gardand.
A.-ro bo rohi charrohi tabobat meku- nand. Dar mavridi siroyatyobii takrori antibiotikhoi doirai tasirashon vase tain karda meshavand. Pas az charrohi bemor dar muddati 5 sol zeri mushohidai dispanseri qaror megirad. Oqibati bemori ba tashkhisu tabobati sarivaqtii on vobasta ast. Bo maqsadi peshgirii A. saghoi dayduro nest va sagu gurbahoi khonagii kasalro tabobat kardan lozim ast. Pesh az istemoli khurok dastro bo obi garm va sobun boyad toza shust. Mevayu sabzavoti az kuhu pushta chidaro niz nagz shustan lozim ast. N. B. Berdiev.

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