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Tabobati Adenoma prostata, doru baroi bemorii mardon!

Adenomai prostata yo khud onro giperplaziyai gadudi prostatai bezarar meboshad, ki yake az mamultarin bemorihoi urologi dar mardon ba shumor meravad.

Gadudi prostata yak gadudi-mushakii khurdi uzv ast, ki dar kos, dar poyoni masona,  qismi avvali rohi peshob joygir ast, ki kismi avvali rohi peshobro ishgol menamoyad (shosharaha). Gadudi prostata sir istikhroj mekunad, ki bo nutfa omekhta shuda, faoliyati nutfaro tamin namuda, muqovimat ba sharoiti gunoguni manfiro nigoh medorad.  Dar mavridi adenoma gadudi prostata kalon shuda  rohi peshobro fishurda ba vayron gardidani jarayoni peshob az masona ovarda merasonad. Vayronshavii prosesi muqarrarii peshobbarori boisi tanazzuli peshob megardad va dar natija ba rushdi bemorii sangi peshob, varami masona, bemorihoi gurda (pielonefrit) va gayra ovarda merasonad.

prostatita-adenoma

Huddi kalonshavii gadudi prostata beozor ast va odatan az jonibi bemor his karda nameshavad. Bo vujudi in, mushkiloti bavuchudomada bo peshobjudokuni  kasalro ba holati buzurgi noguvor ovarda, bemoron aynan bo hamin shikoyatho ba dukhtur murochiat menamoyand.

Cababhoi kasali prostata

To ba imruz, olimon dar borai sababhoi in bemori ba yak andesha naomadaand. Dar bayni omilhoi imkonpazir na tanho sinnu sol va vayronshavii gormonho, balki mavjudiyati yak qator bemoriho (masalan, ateroskliroz), afzoishi buzurgi vazn, tagyiryobii tarzi hayoti solim, stressho, omilhoi ekologi.

Ehtimol, adenomai prostata yake az bemorii sinnu soli buda, vobasta bo tagyiroti tabiii sathi gormonho (testosteron) meboshad.

Nishonahoi bemorii adenoma prostata

Baroi kholi kardani masona, sakht kardani mushakhoi shikam  zarur ast;

  • — peshobkuni darozmuddat meshavad, peshobravi sust shuda bo favrai borik mebaroyad.
  • — nazdik ba okhiri peshobbarori peshob  kanda-kanda mebaroyad.

Dar marhilahoi badi, vaqte ki dar masona az sababi purra kholi nakardani boqimondai peshob memonad, nishonahoi zerin ilova karda meshavand:

  • zarurati peshobravii shabona, aksar vaqt yakchand marotiba;
  • tashvishi muntazami peshobroni va doshtani peshob;
  • chakidani doimii peshob;
  • eyakulyasiyai dardnok;
  • prosessi peshobkuni  beshtar purazob gardida, peshob bo qatraho mebaroyad.

Nukshoi giperplaziyai gadudi prostata

Be tabobati muvofik adenoma metavonad ovarda rasonad ba:

  1. Nigohdorii boshiddati peshob;
  2. Gematuriya (paydoishi khun dar peshob);
  3. Siroyathoi sistemai olati tanosul va shosha (peshobravii dardnok, khunukkhuri, dardi badan, dardi shadid dar kismi poyoni takhtapusht, dar peshob mavjud budani khun yo madda mumkin ast).

Ba shumo chi kor kardan mumkin ast:

Agar shumo dar khud nishonahoi dar bolo nombarshudaro paydo kuned, ba shumo lozim ast, ki har chi zudtar ba dukhtur murojiat kuned. Bisyore az mardon vaqte, ki in nishonaho paydo mekunand, onho fikr mekunand, ki in tagyiroti oddi vobasta ba sinnu sol meboshad. In monandi on nest. Har chi zudtar bemor ba dukhtur murojiat namoyad, peshgirii avji bemori osontar megardad.

Tabibi shumo chi kor karda metavonad?

Tashkhisi adenoma dar bisyori mavridkho az pursish va muoinai bemor asos meyobad. Dar holati qabul dukhtur bemorro bodikkat dar borai shikoyat va zuhuroti bemori pursupos menamoyad.

Baroi tasdiqi tashkhis ba SHumo metavonand tain namoyand:

  • Sanjishi rektalii angushti,
  • Ultrasadoi gadudi prostata
  • Urofloumetriya (usule, ki ba shumo imkon medikhad, ki surati shiddati peshobro muayyan namoyad),
  • Sistografiya, pnevmosistografiya (imkoniyat baroi muayyan kardani miqdori bokimondai peshob)
  • Sistoskopiya (agar lozim boshad),
  • tahlili umumii peshob (imkoniyat baroi muayyan kardani mavchudiyati bemorii urologii infeksioni),
  • Sanjishi umumii khun va sanjishi khun baroi muayyan kardani sathi antigeni makhsusi prostata.

Baroi istismori saratoni  gadudi prostata sanjishi khun baroi sathi antigeni makhsusi prostata, inchunin biopsiyai transperineali yo transrektali guzaronida meshavad. Adenomai prostata ba tarzi konservativi (doruguzaroni) va jarrohi tabobat karda meshavad.

Tabobati darmoni tanho dar marhilahoi ibtidoii bemori natichai nazarras meorad, vaqte ki prosessi tashakkuli baqiyai peshob hanuz ogoz nashudaast. Doruho katiyan  alohida, tanho bad az guzarondani tadqiqothoi zaruri tain karda meshavand.

Az hama usuli samaranoki muolijai giperplaziyai gadudi prostatai bezarar in jarrohi ast. YAkchand namudi amaliyothoi charrokhi mavjudand, ki dar mavridi adenoma ba anjom doda meshavand. Namudi faoliyati charrohi az tarafi dukhtur muayyan karda meshavad.

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