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Poya. Gunogunii poyai rastani

Qadkashii poya, shokharoni: Poya juzi tarkibii navda meboshad. Vay ba bolo qad afrokhta, barghoro ba ravshani mebarorad. Ba tufayli poya resha bo bargu mugjai rastaniho aloqai zich paydo mekupad. Dar poya metavonad moddahoi gizoi zakhira shavand.

poyai-chasandaPoyai rastaniho alafi va chubi meshavad. Poyaho az rui khususiyathoi biologiashon gunogun buda, onhoro ba yakchand guruh judo mekunand. Aksari rastaniho rostpoya buda, onho rost qad mekashand. Dar onho boftai mekhaniki nagz inkishof yofta, dar baze rastaniho chubi (seb, safedor) yo alafi (oftobparast, juvorimakka) meshavand.

Poyai baze rastaniho tamoman bolo namebaroyad. Onho ba rui zamin pahn shuda mesabzand. CHunin poyakho mumkin ast az bandhoyashon (panjazog, margchoy, shohtuti zamini) resha ronand yo naronand (rohdavak).

Rastanihoe vomekhurand, ki poyaashon ba yagon takyagoh pechida bolo mebaroyad (pechak, lubiyo, mushung). In khel poyahoro poyahoi pechidabaroyanda menomand. Poyai rastanihoi pechidabaroyanda ba takyagohhoi makhsus sokhtashuda pechida “ayvonchahoi” sabzi khushmanzararo ba vujud ovarda, boloi kharakkho va digar inshoothoro zebo megardonand. Poyai mushung va tok ba tirgak yo yagon takyagoh bo tanobakchahoyashon chaspida bolo mebaroyand. Poyai ashaqa (plyush) ba tir- gak yo devor bo re- shahoi ilovagiash chas- pida bolo meravad.

Rastanihoi poyahoyashon pechida va chaspida bolobaroyandaro lian (chubrost) menomand. Lianho dar jangalhoi tropiki ba Baze rastaniho poyai khele kutoh dorand. Onho pakanaqad meboshand. Masalan, qoqu, bargi zulf, guli marvoridaki bogi yo rastanii khonagii bunafshai uzambar va gayraho poyai khele kutoh dorand. Baroi didani poyai nihoyat kutohi in rastaniho, onhoro bo kord ba samti poyonii resha ba darozi du taqsim kardan lozim ast. Dar vaqti gulshukuft qismi boloii poyai kutoh yakbora daroz meshavad, ammo vay barg nadorad (qoqu). Qismi darozshudai chunin poyaro tircha menomand.

Odatan dar nugi tircha tudagul yo gul joygir shudaast. Bargi rastanihoi poyaashon kutoh dar rui zamin az dilaki reshameva mesabzad. Masalan, sabzi, lablabu, turb va baze digar rastanihoi sabzavoti soli yakumi sabzishashon az dilaki bekhmeva barg mebarorand.tani darakhtoni kalon pechida, az nimtorikii jangali tropiki ba bolo, ba sui ravshani mebaroyand. Baze lianho, masalan, nakhli rotang, dar badali chandin sol takyagohashonro ivaz karda, to 300 metr qad mekashand.

  1. Poyai rastaniho chand khel meshavad?
  2. Poyai kadom rastaniho rost ast?
  3. Poyahoi khazanda az poyahoi chaspidabaroyanda chi farq dorand?
  4. CHi guna rastanihoro chubrost (lian) menomand?
Rasmi 64. Lianhoi (chubrosthoi) beshai tropiki

Poyai kadom rastaniho kutoh ast?

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