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MOSH

moshMOSH (Phaseolus aureus), yak nav ziroat. Balandiash 15 – 50 sm; poyai rost yo pechanda, bargi kalon (daroziash 20 – 26 sm), guli bunafsh, gilofaki sertukhm, doni sabz dorad. Mohhoi iyun – sent. gulu meva mekunad. Dar Tojikiston M.-ro az zamonhoi qadim mekorand. Davrai nashvi M. 80 – 120 ruz ast. Doni M. 18,7 – 31,6% safeda, 0,8 – 2% ravgan, 50 – 56% krakhmalu qand dorad. Gilofak (kusak)-i khomi onro chun sabzavot mekhurand. Az M. taomhoi bolazzat – moshoba, kichiri, moshpalav, moshbirinj, moshatola va g. mepazand.
M. khususiyati davoi niz dorad. Dar «Makhzanu-l-adviya» omadaast, ki behtarini on sabzi tirarang, pas – siyoh, pas – sabz, pas – zardi on ast. Muallifi in kitob M.-ro nerubakhshi asab va azoi bosira, taskindihandai dardi sar, davoi bemorihoi gurda meshumorad. Bino ba aqidai tabiboni guzashta M. chun gizo sabuktar az nask meboshad va nazar ba boqilo bodi kamtar dorad. Agar onro bikhurand, gizoi khub ast va dar jigar moddai solim paydo mekunad. M.-ro muqashshar nokarda bo shilkha pukhta bikhurand, darunro mebandad. YAke az khususiyathoi M. on ast, ki bo vujudi sardii mizojash moddai savdoro harakat namedihad, ham baroi muloim kardan va ham baroi band kardani darun manfiat dorad. Istemoli M. baroi odamoni khunukmizoj, pirsolon, inchunin kasone, ki dar medaashon bod bisyor ast, zarar mekunad (khususan muqashshari on); ba dandon va boh ham ziyon dorad.
Ad.: Hikmati asrho (murattibon V. A. Kapranov, Rahim Hoshim), D., 1975; Zohidov H., Kanzi shifo, D., 1999.

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