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MAQSAD VA VAZIFAHOI FANNI «TARIHI DIN»

Kitobi Tarikhi din tarikhi paydoishi dinho, tagyiryobiyu digarshavii_onho. khususiyat va gunogunrangii dinhoi mukhtalifro meomuzad. 

On dinhoro na az rui mavqe va tasirashon, balki az rui mutobiqi davraho, pay dar pay mutobiq, ba tarikhi paydoishashon tahqiq, menamoyad va qonuniyathoi guzarish az yak shakl ba shakli digar, paydoishu az baynravii dinhoro nishon medihad. Tadqiqi in tasirotu ravandho dar robita bo tagyirothoi ijtimoiyu farhangi omukhta meshavad.

Kitobi Tarikhi DinMasalan, vaqte sukhan dar borai guzarish az yak shakli din, masalan, serkhudoi ba yakkakhudoi meravad, dar aloqamandi bo masalai guzarishi ijtimo az yak zinai taraqqiyot ba digarash surat megirad. Vobasta ba tagyiroti ijtimoi farhangu ilm va shuuri ijtimoi niz gunogun meboshand. Hamin tavr mavzui “Tarikhi din” judo az tarikhi bashar nest, balki sarvatu boigarii khosi davrai muayyani tarikhiro dar robita bo digar unsurhoi madaniyati manavi mavridi tadqiq qaror medihad.

Inkishofi din judo az inkishofi digar shaklhoi shuuri jamiyati surat namegirad, balki tagyirote, ki dar din ba vuqu mepayvandad, dar digar shaklhoi shuuri jamiyati zohir meshavad, dar baze mavrid khususiyati shuuri ijtimoiro muayyan mekunad va baraks khususiyati shuuri ijtimoi ba din niz tasir merasonad.

Pas, fanni “Tarikhi din” paydoish va tagyiru tahavvuli dinhoro bo tamomi digargunshakli va khususiyathoi pay dar pay, davra ba davra ba tavri khronologi omukhta, bo ilmi tarikh robitai amiq dorad va juzi on hisob meshavad. Onro az ilmi tarikhi jomea judo tasavvur kardan nashoyad.

Azbaski “Tarikhi din” ba omuzishi tarikhi sohai makhsusi hayoti manavi va shuuri ijtimoi mashgul ast, in fan ba ilmhoe, ki shuuri ijtimoi va khususiyathoi onro meomuzand, aloqamand ast, az jumla bo falsafa, psikhologiya, adabiyot va g. Dinu falsafa shaklhoi tarikhii jahonbini buda, khususiyati umumi dorand. Falsafa tanosubi hasti va shuurro, qonuniyathoi kullii inkishofi olamro faro girifta, ba tadqiqi shuuri dini niz mashgul meshavad. Az in jo ilmhoi makhsusi omuzishi falsafii din ba vujud omadaand. Hamchunin dar shuuri dini ehsosot, parastish, marosimho mavqei muhim dorand, ki onho ba ruhiyai mardum tasiri muayyane meguzorand. Binobar on fanni ” Tarikhi din” bo ilmi digare, ki holathoi ruhii inson va jomearo meomuzad, yane psikhologiya, robitai qavi dorad.

Azbaski dar muddati duru darozi tarikhi, – din shakli shuuri jamiyatie bud, ki tamomi sohahoi digari shuuri jamiyatiro faro girifta, oihoro muayyan mekard, inikosi badeii olam dar din mavqei muhime dosht na bisyor asarhoi badei mahz az mavzuhoi dini sarchashma giriftnand, binobar in fanni “Tarikhi din” ba tarikhi adabiyot, ki ejodiyoti badeiro meomuzad, aloqamand gardidaast.

Maqsadi asosii fanni “Tarikhi din” shinos kardani khonandagon ba tarikhi paydoishu tahavvuli dinho, talimi qonuniyatho, inkishof va nuqtahoi umumi va asosii talimoti onho meboshad.

Suporish va savolho.

1 .Davrahoi tarikhiro ba yod ored.

  1. Inkishofi shuuri jamiyati bo inkishofi jamiyat chi khel vobastagi dorand?

 

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