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GULOB

gulobGULOB (arabho mo-ul-vard guyand), obest musaffo va shaffof, ki az gulhoi sadbargi khushbui joydori (guli surkh, otashi, gulobi va g.) bo rohi taqtir hosil mekunand. Beshtar az on sharbatero tayyor karda menushand, ki qandugulob nom dorad. G. dar Eron, Pokiston, Bangladesh, qisman dar Hinduston, baze mamlakathoi arab va dar aksar shahrhoi Osiyoi Markazi az zamonhoi khele qadim (hazorsolai yakumi to m.) mamul ast. Muallifoni kitobhoi tibbi qadim G.-ro tavsif karda, az manfiat va hikmati on sukhan rondaand. Mas., dar «Ehyou-t-tibbi Subhoni» chunin gufta meshavad: «Nakutarini on tez va khushbuy buvad; muqavvii dimog va musakkini sudo boshad; taqviyati dil va meda kunad, lisaro (voraro) sakht gardonad, dardi chashm sokin sozad. Hurdani on bemorihoi nafsuddam, khafaqoni garm va gashiro nofe buvad, chun bar sar rezand, khumorro sokin kunad, ba muy bisyor moland, safed gardonad».
G.-ro hamchunin dar mahsuloti qannodi ba kor mebarand. Mas., ba nishollo, murabboi sabzi, lavz va g. meandozand, ki khele khushbuy mekunad. Tarzi tayyor namudani G. chunin ast: subhidam, pesh az baromadani oftob, gulhoi navshukuftai sadbargi khushbui joydoriro chida, yak shabonaruz dar soya meguzorand, pas barghoro judo karda megirand. Obro dar degi makhsusi gulobkashi, ki anbiq nom dorad, jushonda, bargi gulhoro ba on meandozand, 2 – 3 daqiqa mejushonand. Agar sathi ob az gulho past boshad, boz qadre ob meandozand, to ki bargho pushida gardand. Bad az on sarpushi anbiqro guzoshta, davro-davri onro bo khamir mahkam mekunand va dar otashi past 1,5 – 2 soat mejushonand. Az mili anbiq qatrahoi G. meoyad, ki dar zarfho andokhta dahonashro sakht mebandand, to ki havo nadaroyad.

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