Habarhoi ohirin

Panislomiya va panturkiya

pantyurkizm

Jangi tripolitani va janghoi balkani takhayyuloti javonturkhoro niz shikast dod va onho majbur shudand, ki dar masalai milli siyosati khudro az nav dida baroyand. Barhamkhurii hukmronii turkho dar Balkan ba muborizai milliyu ozodikhohii khalqhoe, ki hanuz dar hayati in imperiya budand, tasir rasonid va makhsusan ba khalqhoi arab. Javonturkho dar …

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Konstitutsiyai soli 1876 dar Turkiya

turciya

Dar ogozi solhoi 70-umi asri XIX imperiyai Usmoniyon ba marhalai buhroni darozmuddati khud dokhil shud. Karakhti dar istehsoloti mahalli afzoishi andozho va ziyodshavii narkhi navo nisbat ba siyosati sulton Abdul Aziz (1861 – 1876) norozigii doirahoi vasei aholiro ba vujud ovard. Boloravii navi harakati milliyu ozodikhohii khalqhoi Balkan in buhronro …

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Tavlidi harakati burjuaziyu inqilobi

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Hukmronii irtijo ba peshrafti neruhoi peshqadami mamlakat khalal rasonida natavonist. Muboriza baroi konstitutsiyai soli 1876 va ishtirok dar parlamenti avval baroi onho maktabi haqiqii muborizai siyosi gardid. Goyahoi “Usmonhoi nav”-ro vobasta ba sharoit ishtirokchiyoni harakati javonturkho qabul karda, rivoj dodand. Rejimi zulmu istibdod onhoro alayhi mutlaqiyati sulton ba justujui usulhoi …

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Ba rohi sarmoyadori dokhil shudani Turkiya

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Ba Turkiya voridshavii sarmoyai khoriji manoi onro dosht, ki in davlat ba khojagii jahonii sarmoyadori kashida meshavad. Dar dahsolahoi okhiri asri XIX sokhtmoni fabrikayu zavodho, shakhtaho, depoho, ustokhonahoi rohi ohan va inshooti bandarho ogoz yoftand. Mablagguzori ba sanoati milli dar hamon sokhahoe surat megirift, ki bo sanoati davlathoi Evropa raqobat …

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Halli “Masalai Pomir”

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Kuhistoni Pomir ba du qismati asosi judo meshud, ki yake Pomiri Garbi ( mulkhoi tojiknishini Vakhon, Goron, SHugnon va Rushon) va digare Pomiri SHarqi (dar on jo qavmhoi kuchmanchii qirgizho sukunat doshtand) bud. Masalai okhirini baroi Rusiya va Angliya bahsnok hamin mintaqai Osiyoi Markazi bud. Hangomi zabti zaminhoi turkmanho Rusiya …

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