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Zimiston – malumot dar borai fasl

Fasli «Zimiston» – in davraest, ki ayomi sardi, yane khunuki buda dar on rastaniho az jumla gulu darakhton az rustidan karakht meshavand va dar in ayom havo bo barfu khunukii qahratun shabu ruz zaminro srd nigohmedorad.

Mutaasifona fasli zimiston na dar hammai davlathoi dunyo yakkhel khunuki meorad. Masalan fasli Zimiston dar qismati shimolii Hinduston agar bo barfu yakhbandi boashd pas dar janubi on az jumla shahri GOA on khele garm ast, ki dar obi bahr bemalol obozi kardan mumkin ast.

Manzarai Fasli zimiston
Surati – rasmi Manzarai Fasli zimiston

Malumot dar borai tarikhi paydoishi fasli zimiston:  Zimiston in faslest, ki dar lugati tojikon az zamonhoi qadim omadaast va onro hamchun zamoni azobu dushvori medonand. Dar tarikh in faslro hamchun fasli marg nombar mekunand, chunki dar in ayom odamon az gushnagivu khunuki beshtar memirand.

Fasli zimiston yake az mavzuhoi muhimi tabiatshinosist va baroi hamin ham dar borai on insho va referat menavisand, ki baroi maktabbachagonu khonandagoni talimgohhoi makhsus lozim megaradad.

Zimiston chist? Zimiston yake a 4-or fasli sol meboshad va dar har kishvari dunyo onro dar harguna mohu ruz faro merasad. Masalan zimiston agar dar mohi dekabr dar Tojikiston faro rasad vale on dar kishvarhoi Avstraliya, CHilli, Madagaskar, Peru odatan mohi mart ogoz megardad. Sabab dar on, ki oftob odatan mohhoi dekabr qismati janubii sayorai moro beshtar garm mekunad va baroi hamin ham az sababi kam budani nuri oftob dar qismati shimolii kurai zamin in mintaqaho khunuk meshavand.

Manzarai fasli zimiston dar kuhho va dar qishloqchoyho vaqte, ki pur az barf ast khele zebovu ajoib meshavad, ki az nazar andokhtan ba in guna manzara halovati ziyod metavon girift.  Baroi bachagon zimiston in ayomi barfbozi, jashni solinavi, boboi barfi sokhtan, yakmolakbozi ast, ki dar yodi khud to ba piri yoddosht meshavad. Lek dar baze kishvarho fasli zimistoni khunuk vujud nadorad, chunki oftob onhoro doimo garm nigoh medorad. Ba chunin kishvarho dokhil meshavand jumhurihoi Afriqo, Indoneziya, va Amrikoi miyona.

Bo nazardoshti khos budani maqomu manzarai zimiston dar in mavzu shoironu navisandagon ejodiyoti nazmivu nasri qardaand.

SHer dar borai zimiston

Havoi sard omad, juy yakh bast,
farozi kuhoro abr pushid.
SHamoli tund az mashriq  khurushid,
Ba ruyi bomu darho barf binshast.
Ba joyi zuzhoi garmu tafson

Zimiston shud,
Zimiston shud,
zimiston!

Ba ruyi teppa  shodon mebaroem,
Ki ruyi barfi nav har suy tozem
Ki jo-jo  haykale az barf sozem,
Zi nav vasfi zimisonro saroem:
Ba joyi ruzhoi  garmu  tafson

Zimiston shud,
Zimiston shud,
Zimiston!

Kujo dorem mo parvoi sarmo,
Biborad  aknun har qadar ham?
Ba zeri barf monad bomu dar ham.
Naboshad intiho shodii moro:
Ba joyi ruzhoi garmu tafson

Zimiston shud,
Zimiston shud,
Zimiston!

Muallif: Ubayd Rajab

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