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ZARDPARVIN

zardparvinZARDPARVIN (Icterus, morbus arcuatus), zafarma, yaraqon, zardcha, zard shudani pust, safedii chashm va luobpardaho, ki sababash dar boftaho gun gardidani pigmenti bilirubin (dar jigar hosil meshavad) ast.
Z.-ro vobasta ba sabab va tarzi paydoish ba se nav judo mekunand: Z.-i jigar (parenkhimi), Z.-i mekhaniki va Z.-i gemolizi (khunobi). Z.-i jigar dar natijai osebi hujayrahoi jigar (binobar siroyat yo zahroludi) ba amal omada, ravandi hosil shudan va ba ruda guzashtani bilirubin khalal meyobad; najosat safedcha, peshob siyohtob megardad. Z.-i jigar, odatan, hangomi bemorii Botkin (nig. Gepatiti virusi) mushohida meshavad; az tasiri nushokihoi spirtdor illat yoftani jigar ham boisi inkishofi in navi Z. khohad shud. Z.-i mekhaniki dar asnoi basta shudani rohi talkha (mas., hangomi rohi umumii talkharo bastani sang) ba vujud meoyad (nig. Bemorii sangi talkha). Dar natija talkha ba ruda narafta, naychahoi talkhaguzarro mebandad, miqdori ziyodi bilirubin ba khun meguzarad. Hangomi Z.-i mekhaniki najosat berang va peshob siyohtob ast. Z.-i gemolizi dar natijai boshiddat tajziya shudani eritrosithoi khun va az tarkibi onho judo gashtani bilirubin (hangomi kamkhunii irsi yo gayriirsi) paydo meshavad. Hangomi Z.-i gemolizi najosat monandi peshob siyohtob meshavad va bo in alomat az dig. tarzhoi Z. farq mekunad.
Odatan, pesh az hama safedii chashm, bad luobpardahoi komi narm, zeri zabon, minbad pust zard meshavad. Darajai zardii pust ba miqdori bilirubini khun vobasta ast. YAke az nishonahoi asosii Z. khorishi pust meboshad. On dar natijai nugi torhoi asabi pustro angezish dodani kislotahoi talkha ba amal meoyad.
Barobari zohir shudani alomathoi avvalini Z. ba dukhtur murojiat kardan zarur ast. SHakhsi giriftori Z.-i jigar, ki az tasiri virus paydo shudaast, baroi atrofiyon manbai siroyat meboshad. Hangomi Z.-i mekhaniki, odatan, jarrohi mekunand.
Bisyor vaqt dar navzodon (dar 2 – 3-ruzagi) binobar nomurattabii kori jigar Z.-i «fiziologi» paydo meshavad. On pas az 1 – 2 hafta khud az khud meguzarad. Dar asnoi nomuvofiqatii khuni modaru kudak navzod hamchunin ba bemorii gemolizi giriftor meshavad. Z. bazan dar davrai toksikozi homilagi dar zanho niz ba mushohida merasad.

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